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Aromas of Salvia Species Enhance Everyday Prospective Memory Performance in Healthy Young Adults

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DOI: 10.4236/aces.2014.43037    2,291 Downloads   2,934 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Research has previously demonstrated that aromas of both Salvia officinalis and Salvia lavandulaefolia are capable of modulating aspects of retrospective memory, attention and mood. This study is the first to report the potential for these aromas to enhance everyday prospective memory performance in healthy young adults. In an independent groups design, three conditions, Salvia officinalis aroma, Saliva lavandulaefolia aroma and no aroma were employed with 45 healthy volunteers in each condition. Prospective memory performance was assessed using the Prospective Remembering Video Procedure. Data analysis revealed that the Salvia officinalis aroma group performed significantly better than the control group on both event and action subscales of the prospective memory task. Saliva lavandulaefolia aroma only led to enhancement for the event measure when compared to controls. No differences were found between the aroma conditions. These findings offer support for those previously reported for the effects of the aromas of Salvia sp. on cognition and again demonstrate differential effects of the two aromas. The results are considered in terms of pharmacological mechanisms.

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Moss, M. , Rouse, M. and Moss, L. (2014) Aromas of Salvia Species Enhance Everyday Prospective Memory Performance in Healthy Young Adults. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 4, 339-346. doi: 10.4236/aces.2014.43037.

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