OJMH> Vol.4 No.3, July 2014
Short Report

Short Report: Identifying Sources of Subsurface Flow—A Theoretical Framework Assessing Hydrological Implications of Lithological Discontinuities

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:949KB)  HTML    PP. 91-94  

ABSTRACT

An integrative theoretical concept—combining scientific approaches from soil science and slope hydrology—is given as a framework to study the influence of depth functions of geochemical concentrations for trace elements, dissolved organic carbon and stable isotopes in the soil pore water of stratified soils on the chemical composition of the hillslope runoff. Combining investigations at the point and hillslope scale opens the opportunity to identify sources of subsurface runoff components using geochemical depth functions as proxies.

Cite this paper

Reiss, M. and Chifflard, P. (2014) Short Report: Identifying Sources of Subsurface Flow—A Theoretical Framework Assessing Hydrological Implications of Lithological Discontinuities. Open Journal of Modern Hydrology, 4, 91-94. doi: 10.4236/ojmh.2014.43008.

References

[1] Chifflard, P., Kirnbauer, R., Zepp, H., Tilch, N., Didszun, J., Zillgens, B., Schumann, A. and Uhlenbrook, S. (2010) Tracing Runoff Generation Processes through Different Spatial Scales in Low and High Mountain Ranges. IAHS Publication, 336, 90-95.
[2] Gurtz, J., Zappa, M., Jasper, K., Lang, L., Verbunt, M., Badoux, A. and Vitvar, T. (2003) A Comparative Study in Modelling Runoff and Its Components in Two Mountainous Catchments. Hydrological Processes, 17, 297-311.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hyp.1125
[3] Moldenhauer, K.-M., Heller, K., Chifflard, P., Hübner, R. and Kleber, A. (2013) Influence of Cover Beds on Slope Hydrology. In: Kleber, A. and Terhorst, B., Ed., Mid-Latitude Slope Deposits (Cover Beds), Elsevier, Amsterdam, 127- 152.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-53118-6.00004-0
[4] Kleber, A. and Terhorst, B. (2013) Introduction. In: Kleber, A. and Terhorst, B., Ed., Mid-Latitude Slope Deposits (Cover Beds), Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1-8.
[5] Semmel, A. and Terhorst, B. (2010) The Concept of the Pleistocene Periglacial Cover Beds in Central Europe: A Review. Quaternary International, 222, 120-128.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2010.03.010
[6] Lorz, C., Heller, K. and Kleber, A. (2011) Stratification of the Regolith Continuum—A Key Property for Processes and Functions of Landscapes. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, 55, 277-292.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0372-8854/2011/0055S3-0062
[7] Weiler, M. and McDonnell, J.J. (2006) Testing Nutrient Flushing Hypotheses at the Hillslope Scale: A Virtual Experiment Approach. Journal of Hydrology, 319, 339-356.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.06.040
[8] Lorz, C. and Phillips, J.D. (2006) Pedo-Ecological Consequences of Lithological Discontinuities in Soils—Examples from Central Europe. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 169, 573-581.
[9] Perelman, A.I. (1977) Geochemistry of Elements in the Supergene Zone. Keter Publishing House, Jerusalem.
[10] Ostaszewska, K. (2010) The Geochemical Landscape Concept and Its Usefulness in Physical Geography. Miscellanea Geographica, 14, 5-12.
[11] Fiedler, S., Jungkunst, H.P.F., Jahn, R., Kleber, M., Sommer, M. and Stahr, K. (2002) Linking Soil Classification and Soil Dynamics—Pedological and Ecological Perspectives. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 165, 517-529.
[12] van Verseveld, W.J., McDonnell, J.J. and Lajtha, K. (2009) The Role of Hillslope Hydrology in Controlling Nutrient Loss. Journal of Hydrology, 367, 177-187.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.11.002
[13] Penna, D., Borga, M., Sangati, M. and Gobbi, A. (2010) Dynamics of Soil Moisture, Subsurface Flow and Runoff in a Small Alpine Basin. IAHS Publications, Red Book Series, 336, 96-102
[14] Scanlon, T.M., Raffensperger, J.P. and Hornberger, G.M. (2001) Modeling Transport of Dissolved Silica in a Forested Headwater Catchment: Implications for Defining the Hydrochemical Response of Observed Flow Pathways. Water Resources Research, 37, 1071-1082.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2000WR900278
[15] Zakosek, H., Romschinski, A. and Sedlatschek, A. (1971) Die Boden der Teilgebiete A und B des Forschungsgebiets Krofdorf. Unveroffentlichter Kurzbericht an die Projektgruppe Krofdorf, Hessisches Landesamt für Bodenforschung, Wiesbaden.
[16] Schumann, S., Schmalz, B., Meesenburg, H. and Schroder, U. (2010) Status and Perspectives of Hydrology in Small Basins. German National Commitee for the International Hydrological Programme (IHP) of UNESCO and the Hydrology and Water Resource Programme (HWRP) of WMO, Koblenz.
[17] Grossmann, J. and Udluft, P. (1991) The Extraction of Soil Water by the Suction-Cup Method: A Review. Journal of Soil Science, 42, 83-93.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1991.tb00093.x
[18] Sommer, M. and Schlichting, E. (1997) Archetypes of Catenas in Respect to Matter—A Concept for Structuring and Grouping Catenas. Geoderma, 76, 1-33.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(96)00095-X

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.