JGIS> Vol.6 No.2, April 2014

Identification of Artificial Recharge Sites in Manchi Basin, Eastern Rajasthan (India) Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:5672KB)  HTML    PP. 162-175  

ABSTRACT

The present study is an attempt to prepare a water resource development action plan for Manchi basin in Eastern Rajasthan (India) using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Satellite data have proven to be very useful for surface study, especially in the preparation of land use/land cover and geomorphological map. Morphometric parameters are analyzed to understand the basin characteristics and its influence on the water resources for instance bifurcation ratio indicates high surface run off and low recharge in SB-I, IV, V. Low drainage density ranges from 2.41 (SB-IV) to 2.99 (SB-V) km/km2, with an average of 2.72 km/km2 showing permeable strata, dense vegetation and low relief. Analysis of shape parameters i.e. elongation ratio and circularity ratio suggest that Manchi basin is elongated in shape. Whereas, slope, geology and geomorphological mapping is done to demarcate groundwater potential zones for future exploration in the study area. Slope is inversely proportional to infiltration. Therefore, sub-basin areas having gentle slope permits less runoff and more infiltration as in alluvial plains and vice versa where hills and ridges are present. The integrated study helps in designing suitable sites for constructing water harvesting structures. Check dams, percolation tanks and nala bund are proposed at 1st, 2nd or 3rd drainage orders at SB-I and SB-IV with ravenous land (open scrub), uncultivated land, open forest & exposed rock present. Nala bund & check dam are proposed at SB-II & SB-V whereas, at SB-III check dams & percolation tanks are proposed so as to conserve the natural resources present in the basin. Finally, the best feasible water harvesting structures have been proposed within the sub-basins area using remote sensing and GIS techniques.

Cite this paper

Rais, S. and Javed, A. (2014) Identification of Artificial Recharge Sites in Manchi Basin, Eastern Rajasthan (India) Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques. Journal of Geographic Information System, 6, 162-175. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2014.62017.

References

[1] Obi Reddy, G.P., et al. (2004) Drainage Morphometry and Its Influence on Landform Characteristics in a Basaltic Terrain, Central India: A Remote Sensing and GIS Approach. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 6, 1-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2004.06.003
[2] Rao, S. (2009) A Numerical Scheme for Groundwater Development in a Watershed Basin of Basement Terrain: A Case Study from India. Hydrogeology Journal, 17, 379-396.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10040-008-0402-2
[3] Strahler, A.N. (1964) Quantitative Geomorphology of Drainage Basins and Channel Networks. In: Chow, V.T., Ed., Handbook of Applied Hydrology, McGraw Hill, New York, 39-76.
[4] Khan, M.A., et al. (2006) Prospecting Ground Water Resources Using RS-GIS—A Case Study from Arid Western Rajasthan of India. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 34, 171-179.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02991822
[5] Rao, Y.S. and Jugran, D.K. (2003) Delineation of Groundwater Potential Zones and Zones of Groundwater Quality Suitable for Domestic Purposes Using Remote Sensing and GIS. Hydrological Sciences–Journal–des Sciences Hydrologiques, 48, 821-833.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1623/hysj.48.5.821.51452
[6] Mondal, N.C., et al. (2008) Integrated Approach for Identification of Potential Groundwater Zones in Seethanagaram Mandal of Vizianagaram District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Earth System Science, 117, 133-144.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12040-008-0004-3
[7] Javed, A. and Wani, M.H. (2009) Delineation of Groundwater Potential Zones in Kakund Watershed, Eastern Rajasthan, Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques. Journal Geological Society of India, 73, 229-236.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12594-009-0079-8
[8] Kushwaha, S.P.S., et al. (2010) Sustainable Development Planning in Pathri Rao Sub-Watershed Using Geospatial Techniques. Current Science, 98, 1479-1486.
[9] Saraf, A.K. and Choudhury, P.R. (1998) Integrated Remote Sensing and GIS for Groundwater Exploration and Identification of Artificial Recharge Sites. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 19, 1825-1841.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/014311698215018
[10] Ghayoumian, J., Ghermezcheshme, B., Feiznia, S. and Noroozi, A.A. (2005) Integrating GIS and DSS for Identification of Suitable Areas for Artificial Recharge, Case Study, Meimeh Basin, Isfahan, Iran. Environmental Geology, 47, 493-500.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1169-y
[11] Ravi Shankar, M.N. and Mohan, G. (2005) Assessment of the Groundwater Potential and Quality in Bhatsa and Kalu River Basins of Thane District, Western Deccan Volcanic Province of India. Environmental Geology, 49, 990-998.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00254-005-0137-5
[12] Ramakrishnan, D., Bandyopadhyay, A. and Kusuma, K.N. (2009) SCS-CN and GIS-Based Approach for Identifying Potential Water Harvesting Sites in the Kali Watershed, Mahi River Basin, India. Journal of Earth System Science, 118, 355-368.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12040-009-0034-5
[13] Clarke, J.J. (1966) Morphometry from Maps, Essays in Geomorphology. Elsevier Publishing Company, New York, 235-274.
[14] Javed, A., Khanday, M.Y. and Rais, S. (2011) Watershed Prioritization Using Morphometric and Land Use/Land Cover Parameters: A Remote Sensing and GIS Based Approach. Journal Geological Society of India, 78, 63-75.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12594-011-0068-6
[15] Schumm, S.A. (1956) Evolution of Drainage Systems and Slopes in Badlands at Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 67, 597-646.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1956)67[597:EODSAS]2.0.CO;2
[16] Horton, R.E. (1932) Drainage Basin Characteristics. Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 13, 350-361.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/TR013i001p00350
[17] Horton, R.E. (1945) Erosional Development of Streams and Their Drainage Basins: Hydrophysical Approach to Quantitative Morphology. Geological Society of American Bulletin, 56, 275-370.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1945)56[275:EDOSAT]2.0.CO;2
[18] Miller, V.C. (1953) A Quantitative Geomorphic Study of Drainage Basin Characteristics in the Clinch Mountain Area. New York. Columbia University, Virginia and Tennessee, Proj. NR, Technical Report, 389-402.
[19] Manu, M.S. and Anirudhan, S. (2008) Drainage Characteristics of Achankovil River Basin, Kerala. Journal of Geological Society of India, 71, 841-850.
[20] Gottschalk, L.C. (1964) Reservoir Sedimentation. In: Chow, V.T., Ed., Handbook of Applied Hydrology, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York.
[21] Sreedevi, P.D., Subrahmanyam, K. and Ahmed, S. (2005) The Significance of Morphometric Analysis for Obtaining Groundwater Potential Zones in a Structurally Controlled Terrain. Environmental Geology, 47, 412-420.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1166-1
[22] Gorokhovich, Y. and Voustianiouk, A. (2006) Accuracy Assessment of the Processed SRTM-Based Elevation Data by CGIAR Using Field Data from USA and Thailand and Its Relation to the Terrain Characteristics. Remote Sensing of Environment, 104, 409-415.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2006.05.012

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.