JEP> Vol.5 No.1, January 2014

Air Quality Monitoring and Its Implication on the Environmental Licensing Process in Brazil

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:181KB)     PP. 1-8  

ABSTRACT

In the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, public policies regarding the air quality aimed at the welfare of the population are strongly dependent on monitoring conducted by the Sao Paulo State Environmental Company (CETESB), which can be influenced by faulty monitors and equipment support and cuts in power supply, among others. A research conducted from 1998 to 2008 indicated that a significant portion of the air quality automatic stations in the state of Sao Paulo did not meet the criterion of representativeness of measurements of PM10, NO2, O3, CO and SO2 concentrations which resulted in the classification of some municipalities as the nonattainment area, a situation evidenced for PM10 and O3 parameters. The network unavailability for each parameter was estimated and compared with the monitoring networks operated in Canada and the UK. This paper discusses the implications of the lack of representativeness of measurements in the environmental licensing process of pollution sources from 2008, when by the effect of state law, municipalities have been qualified according to their air quality nonattainment level.

KEYWORDS


Cite this paper

J. Xavier and W. Junior, "Air Quality Monitoring and Its Implication on the Environmental Licensing Process in Brazil," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 5 No. 1, 2014, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.4236/jep.2014.51001.

References

[1] Companhia Ambiental do Estado de Sao Paulo, “Web Page,” 2013.
http://www.cetesb.sp.gov.br/ar/informacoes-basicas/20-historico
[2] Instituto Estadual do Ambiente, “Relatório Anual da Qualidade do Ar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro 2009,” 2013. http://www.inea.rj.gov.br/downloads/relatorios/qualidade_ar_2009.pdf
[3] SAO PAULO (Estado), “Decreto no 59.113, de 23 de abril de 2013,” Diário Oficial do Estado de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, v.123, n.76, 24 abr. 2013.
[4] Companhia Ambiental do Estado de Sao Paulo, “Qualidade do ar no estado de Sao Paulo 2010,” Sao Paulo, 2011.
http://www.cetesb.sp.gov.br/ar/qualidade-do-ar/31-publicacoes-e-relatorios
[5] J. C. de M. XAVIER, “Análise da Disponibilidade da Rede Automática de Monitoramento da Qualidade do ar e seus Reflexos no Licenciamento Ambiental Realizado em Sao Paulo,” Master Dissertation, Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, Sao Jose dos Campos, 2011.
http://www.bd.bibl.ita.br
[6] ENVIRONMENT CANADA, “National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) Network: Annual Summary for 1998,” Environmental Protection Series Report 7/AP/31, Ontário, 2000.
http://www.publications.gc.ca/site/eng/89526/publication.html
[7] ENVIRONMENT CANADA, “National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) Network: Annual Summary for 1999,” Environmental Protection Series Report 7/AP/32, Ontario, 2001.
http://www.publications.gc.ca/site/eng/102399/publication.html
[8] ENVIRONMENT CANADA, “National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) Network: Annual Summary for 2000,” Environmental Protection Series Report 7/AP/33, Ontario, 2001.
http://www.publications.gc.ca/site/eng/106036/publication.html
[9] ENVIRONMENT CANADA, “National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) Network: Annual Summary for 2001,” Environmental Protection Series Report 7/AP/34, Ontario, 2002.
http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/En49-2-7-34.pdf
[10] ENVIRONMENT CANADA, “National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) Network: Annual Data Summary for 2002,” Environmental Protection Series Report 7/ AP/35, Ontario, 2003.
http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/En49-5-7-35.pdf
[11] ENVIRONMENT CANADA, “National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) Network: Annual Data Summary for 2003,” Environmental Protection Series Report 7/ AP/37, Ontario, 2005.
http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/En49-2-7-37.pdf
[12] ENVIRONMENT CANADA, “National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) Network: Annual Data Summary for 2004,” Environmental Protection Series Report 7/ AP/38, Ontario, 2007.
http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2007/ec/En49-2-7-38.pdf
[13] ENVIRONMENT CANADA, “National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) Network: Annual Data Summary for 2005-2006,” Environmental Protection Series Report 7/AP/39, Ontario, 2008.
http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2008/ec/En49-2-7-39.pdf
[14] J. Bower, J. Lampert and G. Broughton, “Air pollution in the UK: 2003,” Netcen/ED45098/Issue1, Didcot: Netcen, 2004. http://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/reports/cat05/0502251134_Report_Air_Pollution_in_the_UK_Part_1_text.pdf
[15] J. Bower, J. Lampert and G. Broughton, “Air pollution in the UK: 2004,” Netcen/ED48692008/Issue 1, Didcot: Netcen, 2005.
http://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/reports/cat05/0601311638_Air_Pollution_in_the_UK_2004_-_intro_and_contents.pdf
[16] J. Bower, et al., “Air pollution in the UK: 2005,” Netcen/ ED48692008/Issue 1, Didcot: Netcen, 2006.
http://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/reports/cat05/0612111534-421_AirPollutionUK2005text.pdf
[17] J. Bower, et al., “Air Pollution in the UK: 2006,” AEA/ ENV/R/2544, Didcot: Netcen, 2007.
http://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/library/annualreport/air_pollution_uk_2006.pdf
[18] J. Bower, et al., “Air Pollution in the UK: 2007,” AEA/ ENV/R/2544, Didcot: AEA, 2008.
http://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/library/annualreport/air_pollution_uk_2007.pdf
[19] J. Bower, et al., “Air Pollution in the UK: 2008,” AEAT/ ENV/R/2823/Issue1, Didcot: AEA, 2009.
http://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/library/annualreport/air_pollution_uk_2008.pdf
[20] Companhia Ambiental do Estado de Sao Paulo, “Relatório de Qualidade do ar no Estado de Sao Paulo 2008,” Sao Paulo, 2009.
http://www.cetesb.sp.gov.br/ar/qualidade-do-ar/31-publicacoes-e-relatorios
[21] SAO PAULO (Estado), “Decreto no 48.523, de 02 de Marco de 2004,” Diário Oficial do Estado de Sao Paulo, Poder Executivo, Sao Paulo, v.114, n.41, 03 mar. 2004. Secao I, p. 1.
[22] SAO PAULO (Estado), “Decreto no 50.753, de 28 de abril de 2006,” Diário Oficial do Estado de Sao Paulo, Poder Executivo, Sao Paulo, v.116, n.80, 29 abr. 2006. Secao I, p. 1 e 3.
[23] SAO PAULO (Estado), “Decreto no 52.469, de 12 de Dezembro de 2007,” Diário Oficial do Estado de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, v.117, n.234, 13 dez. 2007.
[24] Companhia Ambiental do Estado de Sao Paulo, “Relatório de Qualidade do ar no Estado de Sao Paulo 2007 [Eletronic Resource],” Sao Paulo, 2008.
http://www.cetesb.sp.gov.br/ar/qualidade-do-ar/31-publicacoes-e-relatorios

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.