ABC> Vol.3 No.6, December 2013

A preliminary effort to assign sponge (Callispongia sp) as trace metal biomonitor for Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cr, an environmental perspective in Hative gulf waters Ambon

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:285KB) PP. 549-552   DOI: 10.4236/abc.2013.36062

ABSTRACT

The aim of this investigation is to estimate metal concentration distribution, Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cr, in Callispongia sp, sediment, and water column in Hative waters of Ambon bay. After sampling, analytical processes were conducted by using a standard method and measured by ICP-OES (Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy). The results showed that Zn concentration was highest, 0.231 mg/kg dry weight (ppm) while in sediment and water the numbers were 1.180 and 0.790 ppm respectively. In the meantime, functional group studies through Fourier Transformed Infra Red spectroscopy revealed that OH-group (3421 cm-1), Conjugated Double Bond (1635 cm-1) and Ether Groups (1049 cm-1) of callispongia sp were found. Also, the appearance of wave-number 2926 cm-1 clearly indicates the existence of –CH sp3 group. Combining both results may guide us to establish a relation between metal concentration and organic substance transformation made during interaction inside species. Thus, trace metal investigation can be a choice in doing rapid assessment and biomonitor for the quality of coastal marine life. Furthermore, by more extensive studies, this connection could be developed and proposed as a low cost method for EIA of metal pollution in coastal zone, particularly in coral reef system.

KEYWORDS


Cite this paper

Siahaya, N. , Noor, A. , Sukamto, N. and de Voogd, N. (2013) A preliminary effort to assign sponge (Callispongia sp) as trace metal biomonitor for Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cr, an environmental perspective in Hative gulf waters Ambon. Advances in Biological Chemistry, 3, 549-552. doi: 10.4236/abc.2013.36062.

References

[1] Pelasula, “Preliminary Studies of Ambon Bay Ecosystem,” Journal of Marine Fisheries, LON-LIPI, Vol. 14, No. 53, 2009.
[2] Leatemia, “Kajian Asal Muasal Terumbu Karang Teluk Ambon,” Jurnal Osenologi, Vol. 7, No. 14, 1996.
[3] Hansen, Andrew and Forester, “The Association between the Sponge Halichondria panacea (pallas) and Scallop chlamys varza: A Commensal-Protective Mutualism,” Journal Marine Ecology Biology, Vol. 36, No. 120, 1995, pp. 1-10.
[4] Ceberean, J. Bremer, S. J. Rogers and C. L. J. Frid, “Assesing Functional Diversity in Marine Benthic Ecosystems,” Journal Marine Ecology Progress, Vol. 76, No. 328, 2003, pp. 11-25.
[5] Olsen and Weeks, “The Ecology Sponges at Lough Hyne Marine Natural Reserve,” PhD Thesis, University College Cork, Ireland, 1994.
[6] Pattel and J. J. Bell, “Contrasting Patterns of Species and Functional Composition for Coral Reef Sponge Assemblages,” Marine Ecology Progress, Vol. 20, No. 201, 1985, pp. 73-81.
[7] Perez, J. J. Bell and D. Smith, “Ecology of Sponges in the Wakatobi Region, South-Eastern Sulawesi-Indonesia: Richness and Abudance,” Journal of Marine Biological Associations Kingdom, Vol. 113, No. 50, 2005, pp. 1199-1208.
[8] Darmono, “Logam Dalam Sistem Lingkungan Hidup,” Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 1995.
[9] H. A. W. Cappenberg, “Galore and Diversity of Megabentos in the Waters of the Ambon Bay,” LON LIPI, Indonesian Oceanological Center, 2011.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.