Health> Vol.5 No.11, November 2013

Description of socioeconomic and demographic profile of young women vulnerable to infection by human papillomavirus and risk behavior in a school in Rio de Janeiro

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:80KB)  HTML    PP. 1829-1834  

ABSTRACT

Background: HPV is one of the main sexually transmitted diseases, especially among the female population. This is an important etiologic agent for the development of cervical intraepithelial lesions and cervical cancer. It is considered a public health problem, since young women are the most vulnerable group to this virus. Therefore, it is important that the socioeconomic and demographic profile of these women and their risk behaviors are known, so that it is possible to contribute in reducing infection occurrences in the studied population. Objectives: To describe the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and investigate the behavioral sexual-affective aspects of risk of adolescents and young students from Rio de Janeiro/Brazil when tackling HPV infection. Methods: A group composed by 128 individuals susceptible to HPV—classified as adolescent women and young women who are students at a high school in one unity of the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. The studied period was from May to November. A quantitative descriptive approach was used, in which data were highlighted in variables, divided into economic, demographic and behavioral characteristics. Data were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and organized by descriptive statistics performed by simple frequency (%). Results: The age range of the young women who have the possibility of being infected with HPV was from 15 to 25. The focused family income among these young women was up to 2 minimum wages. The risk behavior detected in 37.5% of adolescent women and in 43.8% of young women is that these women never used condoms in sexual intercourse. Conclusion: The research showed that the studied women are vulnerable due to risk behavior practices that may lead to the virus acquisition. More focuses on educational actions of preventive measures regarding HPV infection should be emphasized, favoring a lower incidence of human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer.

Cite this paper

de Melo Pessanha Carvalho, M. , Queiroz, A. and Moura, M. (2013) Description of socioeconomic and demographic profile of young women vulnerable to infection by human papillomavirus and risk behavior in a school in Rio de Janeiro. Health, 5, 1829-1834. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.511246.

References

[1] Santos, J.C., Cezar, M.R.S., Lisboa, M.R. and Moura, M.M.F. (2013) Ocorrência de papilomavírus humano na cérvice uterina de mulheres da regiao ocidental da Amaznia Brasileira. Acta Amazonica, 43, 185-190.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672013000200008
[2] Munoz, N., Bosch, F.X., de Sanjose, S., Herrero, R., Castellsague, X., Shah, K.V., et al. (2003) Epidemiologic classification of human papillomavirus types associated with cervical cancer. New England Journal of Médicine, 348, 518-527. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa021641
[3] Fernandes, J.V., Meissner, R.V., de Carvalho, M.G., Fernades, T.A., de Azevedo, P.R. and Villa, L.L (2009) Prevalence of HPV infection by cervical cytologic status in Brazil. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 105, 21-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2008.12.004
[4] Schiffmann, M., Castle, P.E., Jeronimo, J., Rodriguez, A. C. and Wacholder, S. (2007) Human papillomavirus and cervical cancer. Lancet, 370, 890-907.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61416-0
[5] Beserra, E.P., Pinheiro, P.N.C., Alves, M.D.S. and Barroso, M.G.T. (2008) Adolescência e vulnerabilidade às doencas sexualmente transmissíveis: Uma pesquisa documental. DST—Jornal Brasileiro de Doencas Sexualmente Transmissiveis, 20, 32-35.
[6] Oliveira, D.C., Gomes, A.M.T., Pontes, A.P.M., Ribeiro, M.C.M. (2009) Conhecimentos e práticas de adolescentes acerca das DST/HIV/AIDS em duas escolas públicas municipais do Rio de Janeiro. Escola Anna Nery, 13, 833-841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-81452009000400020
[7] Eleutério, R.M.N., Oliveira, M.A.P.O., Jacynto, C.M.A., Junior, J.E. and Freitas, J.R. (2011) Identificacao de DNA-HPV em Adolescentes e Mulheres Jovens sem Coito Vaginal. DST—Jornal Brasileiro de Doencas Sexualmente Transmissiveis, 23, 66-68.
[8] Bosch, F.X., Lorincz, A., Munoz, N., Meijer, C.J.L.M. and Shah, K.V. (2002) The causal relation between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 55, 244-265.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jcp.55.4.244
[9] Rama, C.H., Roteli-Martins, C., Derchain, S.F.M., Longatto-Filho, A., Gontijo, R.C., Sarian, L.O.Z., Syrjanen, K. and Aldrighi, J.M. (2008) Prevalência do HPV em mulheres rastreadas para o cancer cervical. Revista de Saúde Pública, 42, 123-130.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102008000100016
[10] Zampirolo, J.A., Merlin, J.C. and Menezes, M.E. (2007) Prevalência de HPV de baixo e alto risco pela técnica de biologia molecular (captura híbrida II) em Santa Catarina. RBAC, 39, 265-268.
[11] Marcolino, L.D., Polettini, J., Tristao, A.R., Marques, M. A.E., Candeias, J.M.G. and Vela, R.A.R. (2008) Coinfeccao de chlamydia trachomatis e HPV em mulheres com condiloma acuminado. DST—Jornal Brasileiro de Doencas Sexualmente Transmissiveis, 20, 87-92.
[12] Oakeshott, P., Aghaizu, A., Fiona Reid, F., Howell-Jones, R., Hay, P.E., Sadiq, S.T., Lacey, C.J. and Beddows, S. and Soldan, K. (2012) Frequency and risk factors for prevalent, incident, and persistent genital carcinogenic human papillomavirus infection in sexually active women: Community based cohort study. British Medical Journal, 344, 1-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e4168
[13] Fredrizzi, E.N., Schlup, C.G., Menezes, M.E. and Ocampos, M. (2008) Infeccao pelo papilomavírus humano (HPV) em mulheres de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. DST—Jornal Brasileiro de Doencas Sexualmente Transmissiveis, 20, 73-79.
[14] Khan, M.J., Partridge, E.E., Wang, S.S. and Schifffman, M. (2005) Socioeconomic status and the risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 among oncogenic human papillomavirus DNA-positive women with equivocal or mildly abnormal cytology. Cancer, 104, 61-70.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.21129
[15] Moller, F.R., Silva, J.C. and Sá, A.C. (2003) Prevencao do HPV: Uma proposta de educacao em saúde. CadernosCentro Universitário S. Camilo, 9, 59-66.
[16] Teixeira, A.M.F.B., Knauth, D.R., Fachel, J.M.G. and Leal, A.F. (2006) Adolescentes e o uso de preservativos: As escolhas dos jovens de três capitais brasileiras na iniciacao e na última relacao sexual. Cad Saúde Pública, 22, 1385-1396.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000700004
[17] Ribeiro, K.C.S., Silva, J. and Saldanha, A.A.W. (2008) Querer é poder? A ausência do uso de preservativos nos relatos de mulheres jovens. DST—Jornal Brasileiro de Doencas Sexualmente Transmissiveis, 23, 84-89.
[18] Aquino, E M.L., Heilborn, L.M., Knauth, D., Bozon, M., Almeida, M.C., Araújo, J., et al. (2002) Adolescência e reproducao no Brasil: A heterogeneidade dos perfis sociais. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 19, S377-S388.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2003000800019
[19] Stofler, M.E.C.W., Nunes, R.D. and Scheneider, I.J.C. (2011) Avaliacao de faores associados às lesoes HPV induzidas do colo uterino. Arquivos Catarinenses de Medicina, 40, 84-89.
[20] Baseman, J.G. and Koutsky, L.A. (2005) The epidemiology of human papillomavirus infections. Journal of Clinical Virology, 32, S16-S24.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2004.12.008
[21] Oliveira, D.C., Gomes, A.M.T., Pontes, A.P.M. and Ribeiro, M.C.M. (2009) Conhecimentos e práticas de adolescentes acerca das DST? HIV? AIDS em duas escolas públicas municipais do rio de Janeiro. Escola Anna Nery Revista de Enfermagem, 13, 833-841.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-81452009000400020
[22] Roteli-Martins, C.M., Longatto Filho, A., Hammes, L.S., Derchain, S.F.M., Naud, P., Matos, J.C., et al. (2007) Associacao entre idade ao início da atividade sexual e subseqüente infeccao por papilomavírus humano: Resultados de um programa de rastreamento brasileiro. Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, 29, 580-587.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-72032007001100006
[23] Moscicki, A.B. (2007) HPV infections in adolescents. Disease Markers, 23, 229-234.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2007/136906
[24] Pinto, D.S., Fuzzi, H.T. and Quaresma, J.A.S. (2011) Prevalência de infeccao genital pelo HPV em populacoes urbana e rural da Amazonia Oriental Brasileira. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 27, 769-778.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000400016
[25] Naud, P., Matos, J., Hammes, L., Stuckzynski, J., Brouwers, K., Magno, V., et al. (2006) Factors predicting intermediate endpoins of cervical cancer and exposure to human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in young women screened as pontential targets for propylatic HPV vaccination in south of Brazil. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 124, 110-118.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2005.02.001
[26] Pimenta, A.V., Candido, E.B., Lima, R.A., Filho, R.M.P., Capobiango, A., Nunes, T.A., et al. (2011) Importancia da infeccao anal pelo HPV em Mulheres. Femina, 39, 111-116.
[27] Risvi, N. and Luby, S. (2004)Vaginal discharge: Perceptions and health seeking behavior among Nepalese Women. Journal Pakistan Medical Association, 54, 620-624.
[28] Heck, J.E., Berthiller. J., Vaccarella, S., Winn, D.M., Smith, E.M., Shan’gina, O. et al. (2010) Sexual behaviours and the risk of head and neck cancers: A pooled analysis in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology (INHANCE) consortium. International Journal of Epidemiology, 39, 166-181.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyp350
[29] Castro-Silva, I.I., Coutinho, L.A.C.R., Júnior, J.A.S., Pires, A.R.C. and Bastos, O.M.P. (2012) Percepcao de Vulnerabilidade ao HPV e Cancer de Cabeca e Pescoco: Comportamentos Sexuais e de Risco em Jovens de Niterói, RJ. DST—Jornal Brasileiro de Doencas Sexualmente Transmissiveis, 24, 85-92.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.