Share This Article:

Development and psychometric properties of the Malaysian elder abuse scale

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:181KB) PP. 283-289
DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.33027    7,451 Downloads   21,450 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Elder abuse is an emerging issue of serious concern with life-threatening consequences. This study aimed to develop and assess the validity and reliability of a new scale to assess elder abuse. A cross-sectional multistage sampling technique was used to obtain a nationally representative sample of older Malaysians. The iterative development process resulted in a 16-item, four-dimension scale. Exploratory factor analysis yielded a 10-item scale with three factors. The value of Cronbach’s alpha for total scale and its subscales indicated sufficient internal consistency. Multitrait scaling analysis also showed good convergent and discriminant validity. Furthermore, predictive validity of the proposed scale was established by demonstrating a statistically significant association between elder abuse and depression through multiple logistic regression analysis. The findings from this study demonstrate an acceptable level of validity and reliability for new scale. This scale can be used by health and social care workers to identify elder abuse cases.

Cite this paper

Hamid, T. , Momtaz, Y. , Ibrahim, R. , Mansor, M. , Samah, A. , Yahaya, N. and Abdullah, S. (2013) Development and psychometric properties of the Malaysian elder abuse scale. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 3, 283-289. doi: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.33027.

References

[1] Yaffe, M.J., et al. (2008) Development and validation of a tool to improve physician identification of elder abuse: The Elder Abuse Suspicion Index (EASI). Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 20, 276-300. doi:10.1080/08946560801973168
[2] Dong, X.Q., et al. (2011) Elder abuse and mortality: The role of psychological and social wellbeing. Gerontology, 57, 549-558. doi:10.1159/000321881
[3] American Medical Association (1990) American Medical Association white paper on elderly health. Report of the Council on Scientific Affairs. Archives of Internal Medicine, 150, 2459-2472. doi:10.1001/archinte.1990.00390230019004
[4] Perel-Levin, S. (2008) Discussing screening for elder abuse at primary health care level. World Health Organization (WHO), Life Course and Ageing Division, Geneva.
[5] World Health Organization (2002) Missing voices, in Views of Older Persons on Elder Abuse. WHO, Geneva, 4.
[6] Hamid, T.A., et al. (2010) Sociodemographic risk factors and correlates of dementia in older Malaysians. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 30, 533-539. doi:10.1159/000321672
[7] Momtaz, Y.A., et al. (2010) Mediating effects of social and personal religiosity on the psychological well-being of widowed elderly people. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying, 60, 145-162. doi:10.2190/OM.61.2.d
[8] Momtaz, Y.A., Hamid, T.A. and Yahaya, N. (2009) The role of religiosity onr relationship between chronic health problems and psychological well-being among Malay Muslim older persons. Research Journal of Medical Sciences, 3, 188-193.
[9] Momtaz, Y.A., et al. (2012) Loneliness as a risk factor for hypertension in later life. Journal of Aging and Health, 24, 696-710. doi:10.1177/0898264311431305
[10] Momtaz, Y.A., Hamid, T.A. and Ibrahim, R. (2012) Unmet needs among disabled elderly Malaysians. Social Science & Medicine, 75, 859-863. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.03.047
[11] Bonnie, R.J. and Wallace, R.B. (2003) Elder mistreatment: Abuse, neglect, and exploitation in an aging America. The National Academic Press, Washington, DC.
[12] Fulmer, T., et al. (2004) Progress in elder abuse screening and assessment instruments. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52, 297-304. doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52074.x
[13] Flanagan, A.Y. (2005) Elder abuse: Cultural contexts and implications. http://www.netce.com/cour se.asp?course=9780
[14] Krysik, J.L. and Finn, J. (2010) Research for effective social work practice, McGraw Hill, New York.
[15] Cabrera-Nguyen, E.P. (2010) Author guidelines for reporting scale development and validation results in the journal of the society for social work and research. Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research, 1, 99-103.
[16] Momtaz, Y.A., Ibrahim R. and Hamid, T.A. (2013) Theories and measures of elder abuse. Psychogeriatrics.
[17] Hersen, M. (2004) Comprehensive handbook of psychological assessment: Behavioral assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken.
[18] Ware, J.E., et al. (1997) MAP-R for windows: Multitrait/ multi-item analysis program—Revised user’s guide. Health Assessment Lab, Boston.
[19] Karlsson, J., et al. (2003) Psychosocial functioning in the obese before and after weight reduction: Construct validity and responsiveness of the obesity-related problems scale. International Journal of Obesity, 27, 617-630. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802272
[20] Elfstrom, M.L., et al. (2007) Condition-related coping strategies in persons with spinal cord lesion: A cross-national validation of the Spinal Cord Lesion-Related Coping Strategies Questionnaire in four community samples. Spinal Cord, 45, 420-428. doi:10.1038/sj.sc.3102003
[21] Nunnally, J.C. (1978) Psychometric theory. McGraw Hill, New York.
[22] Child, D. (2006) The essentials of factor analysis. Continuum, London.
[23] Miller, I.W., et al. (1985) The McMaster family assessment device: Reliability and validity. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 11, 345-356. doi:10.1111/j.1752-0606.1985.tb00028.x
[24] Chakrapani, C. (2004) Statistics in market research. Arnold Publisher, London.
[25] Howard, K.I. and Forehand, G.A. (1962) A method for correcting item-total correlations for the effect of relevant item inclusion. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 22, 731-735. doi:10.1177/001316446202200407
[26] Vernon, S.W., Myers, R.E. and Tilley, B.C. (1997) Development and validation of an instrument to measure factors related to colorectal cancer screening adherence. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, 6, 825832.
[27] Hays, R.D., et al. (1988) User’s guide for the Multitrait Analysis Program (MAP). Rand Corporation, Santa Monica.
[28] Elasy, T.A. and Gaddy, G. (1998) Measuring subjective outcomes. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 13, 757-761. doi:10.1046/j.1525-1497.1998.00228.x
[29] Monette, D.R., Sullivan, T.J. and DeJong, C.R. (2005) Applied social research: A tool for the human services. 6th Edition, Thomson Learning Inc., Toronto.
[30] Hildreth, C.J., Burke, A.E. and Golub, R.M. (2011) Elder abuse. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 306, 568. doi:10.1001/jama.306.5.568
[31] Waltz, C.F., Strickland, O. and Lenz, E.R. (2010) Measurement in nursing and health research. Springer Publishing Company, New York.
[32] Hosmer, D.W. and Lemeshow, S. (2000) Applied logistic regression. 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. doi:10.1002/0471722146
[33] Gall, M.D., Gall, J.P. and Borg, W.R. (2003) Educational research: An introduction. Pearson Education Inc., Boston.
[34] Rajmil, L., Perestelo-Perez, L. and Herdman, M. (2010) Quality of life and rare diseases. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 686, 251-272. doi:10.1007/978-90-481-9485-8_15
[35] Pillemer, K. and Finkelhor, D. (1988) The prevalence of elder abuse: A random sample survey. The Gerontologist, 28, 51-57. doi:10.1093/geront/28.1.51
[36] Kleinschmidt, K.C. (1997) Elder abuse: A review. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 30, 463-472. doi:10.1016/S0196-0644(97)70006-4
[37] World Health Organization (2008) A global response to elder abuse and neglect: Building primary health care capacity to deal with the problem worldwide: Main report. World Health Organization, Geneva.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.