CUS> Vol.1 No.2, June 2013

Hierarchical Production of Privacy: Gating in Compact Living in Hong Kong

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:273KB)  HTML    PP. 11-18  

ABSTRACT

Measured by both the physically fortified character and socio-legal systems of service delivery and governance, the number of neighborhoods in Hong Kong that falls into the category of gated community is huge. Gating here is widely employed in various types of housing estates, from luxury developments for the affluent, to aged tenement houses that usually house the less advantaged group, and even to public housing for the population segment who are at the very bottom of the social strata. In the densely populated Hong Kong, privacy is a rare urban resource, the competition for which thus leads to valorization of buffer between public and private lives in a hierarchical way. Gating, in its various forms and correspondingly varying magnificence to which one’s privacy is protected and separated from the public, then serves as the marker of social differences. This paper attempts to investigate the hierarchy in three tiers, with a focus on Tier Three, where vertical gating is invented as another dimension to mark social differences in the composite development model.

Cite this paper

Wang, J. and Lau, S. (2013) Hierarchical Production of Privacy: Gating in Compact Living in Hong Kong. Current Urban Studies, 1, 11-18. doi: 10.4236/cus.2013.12002.

References

[1] Alexander, E. R., Reed, K. D., & Murphy, P. (1988). Density measures and their relation to urban form. Milwaukee: Center for Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Wisconsin.
[2] Atkinson, R., & Sarah, B. (2005). Introduction: International perspectives on the new enclavism and the rise of gated community. Housing Studies, 20, 177-186. doi:10.1080/0267303042000331718
[3] Atkinson, R., Sarah, B., Flint, J., & Lister, D. (2004). Gated communities in England London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.
[4] Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
[5] Bremner, G. A., & Lung, D. P. Y. (2003). Spaces pf exclusion: The significance of cultural identity in the formation of European residential districts in British Hong Kong, 1877-1904. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 21, 223-252. doi:10.1068/d310
[6] Chan, Y. K. (1999). Privacy: Does it concern the people? In S.-K. Lau (Ed.), Indicators of Social Development: Hong Kong 1997. Hong Kong: The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
[7] Forrest, R., La Grange, A., & Yip, N.-M. (2004). Hong Kong as a global city? Social distance and spatial differentiation. Urban Studies, 41, 207-227. doi:10.1080/0042098032000155759
[8] Huang, Y. Q. (2006). Collectivism, political control, and gating in Chinese cities. Urban Geography, 27, 507-525. doi:10.2747/0272-3638.27.6.507
[9] Hui, C.-S. E. (2000). Peak tram sation: Extension, architecture. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong.
[10] Knapp, R. G. (1999). China's Old Dwellings. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press.
[11] Knapp, R. G. (2000). China's Walled Cities. New York: Oxford University Press.
[12] Lai, L. W. C., & Winky, K. O. H. (2003). Modeling development control of residential development: A probit analysis of rent seeking and policy autonomy in town planning in Hong Kong. In F. H. Columbus (Ed.), Asian economics and political issues. New York: Nova Publisher.
[13] Lau, S. S. Y., & Wang, X. (2002). Pursuing new urban living environment in the new millennium: Projecting the future of high-rise and high density living in Hong Kong. In Generative Art International Conference 2002. Milan.
[14] Lau, S. S. Y., & Coorrey, S. B. (2007). Hong Kong: Milu and how it is perceived. In H. A. Haccou, T. Deelstra, A. Jain, V. Parmer, K. Krosnicka, & R. D. Waard, (Eds.), Milunet: Multifunctional intensive landuse—Principles, practices, projects, policies—Towards sustainable area development. Neitherlands: Harbiforum Foundation.
[15] Lhato, Y. (1996). Escalator “a costly white elephant”. The Standard.
[16] Li, L. H., & Amy, S. (2001). Privatising management services in subsidised housing in Hong Kong. Property Management, 19, 37-49.
[17] Manzi, T., & Bill, S.-B. (2005). Gated communities as club goods: Segregation or social cohension? Housing Studies, 20, 345-359. doi:10.1080/0267303042000331817
[18] Mitchell, D. (1995). The end of public space? Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 85, 108-133.
[19] Mitchell, R. E. (1971). Some social effects of high density housing. American Sociological Review, 36, 18-29. doi:10.2307/2093503
[20] Ng, R. F. (1990). Narrative of a city: Peak tram station, Victoria Peak, Hong Kong, Graduate School of Design, Harvard University.
[21] Planning Department of Hong Kong (PDHK) (2002). Hong Kong planning standards and guidelines Hong Kong planning department of Hong Kong.
[22] Pryor, E. G. (1975). The great plague of Hong Kong. Journal of the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 15, 61-70.
[23] Tang, B., & Tang, R. M. H. (1999). Development control, planning incentive and urban redevelopment: Evaluation of a two-tier plot ratio system in Hong Kong. Land Use Policy, 16, 33-43. doi:10.1016/S0264-8377(98)00035-0
[24] Webster, C. (2001). Gated cities of tomorrow. Town Planning Review, 72, 149-169.
[25] Webster, C., Glasze, G., & Frantz, K. (2002). The global spread of gated communities. Environment and Planning B, 29, 315-320. doi:10.1068/b12926

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.