PSYCH> Vol.1 No.2, June 2010

The Effect of Gender on Cognitive Structuring: Who are More Biased, Men or Women?

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The effect of gender on the use of cognitive structuring (CS) is examined in three studies (n = 356). Study 1 showed that Israeli men use less diagnostic information (display more confirmation bias) than Israeli women. Study 2 demonstrated that Polish adolescent male but not female were influenced by implicit cues in a judgment task a Study 3 showed that the correlation between trait anxiety and the state anxiety measures, in first degree relatives of patients in a cardiac intensive care unit in Israel, was significantly higher for Israeli men than for women. According to the findings of the three studies, women use cognitive structuring to a lesser degree than men do.

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Bar-Tal, Y. & Jarymowicz, M. (2010). The Effect of Gender on Cognitive Structuring: Who are More Biased, Men or Women?. Psychology, 1, 80-87. doi: 10.4236/psych.2010.12011.


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