Health> Vol.2 No.5, May 2010

The effect of detergent as polluting agent on the photosynthetic activity and chlorophyll content in bean leaves

ABSTRACT

The paper investigates effects of detergent for domestic use on the photosynthetic activity and chlorophyll content in intact bean leaves. The plants were watered for 21 days with a solution of domestic washing powder of 0.60 g r/l. It was established that the activity of photosynthetic apparatus in the plant leaf PhACNorm [%] decreases exponentially with the length of plant treatment/watering. At the end of the treatment (21st day) the activity of photosynthetic apparatus in the dosed plant leaf was no more than 45% of that in control plant (those which were not watered with detergent solution). With increased plant treatment duration the changed chlorophyll concentration ΔChlNorm [%] rose non-linearly in plant leaves. The highest change ΔChlNorm [%] was observed on the 21st day and amounted to 12%.

KEYWORDS


Cite this paper

Jovanic, B. , Bojovic, S. , Panic, B. , Radenkovic, B. and Despotovic, M. (2010) The effect of detergent as polluting agent on the photosynthetic activity and chlorophyll content in bean leaves. Health, 2, 395-399. doi: 10.4236/health.2010.25059.

References

[1] Imandel, K., Razeghi, N. and Samar, P. (1978) Tehran ground water pollution by detergent. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 9, 119-122.
[2] Korshenko, A. and GasimGul, A. (2005) Pollution of the Caspian Sea. Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 5, Part P, 109-142.
[3] Adekola, B.N. and Eletta, O.A.A. (2007) A study of heavy metal pollution of Asa River, Ilorin. Nigeria; trace metal monitoring and geochemistry. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 12, 157-163.
[4] Zhuravel, V.E., Bezverbnaya, I.P. and Buzoleva, S.L. (2004) Microbian indication of pollution of the coastal zone of the sea of Okhotsk and Avacha Bay. Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 30(2), 121-126.
[5] Burdon, F., Bouchaud, J.P., Tannoudji, A. and Levy, C.C. (2002) Statistics & Laser Cooling (Paperback), Cambridge University Press, UK.
[6] Lichthenthaler, K.H. and Buschmann, C. (1987) Chlorophyll Fluorescence Spectra of Green Bean Leaves. Journal of Plant Physiology, 129(1-2), 137-147.
[7] Lichtenthaler, K.H. and Riderle, U. (1988) The role of the chlorophyll fluorescence in the detection of stress conditions in plants. CRC Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry, 19, S29-S85.
[8] Jovanić, R.B. and Dramićanin, D.M. (2003) In vivo monitoring of chlorophyll fluorescence response to low-dose γ-irradiation in Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo). Luminescence, 18, 274-277.
[9] Aizdaicher, N.A. and Reunova, Yu. A. (2002) Effects of detergents on in vitro growth of diatom alga thalassiosira pseudonana. Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 28(5), 324-328.
[10] Vasconcelos, A., Silva, C.J.S.M., Schroeder, M., Guebitz, G.M. and Cavaco-Paulo, A. (2006) Detergent formulations for wool domestic washings containing immobilized enzymes. Biotechnology Letters, 28(10), 725-731.
[11] Ca´rdenas, L., Vidali, L., Domı´nguez, J., Pe´rez, H., Sa´nchez, F., Hepler, K.P. and Carmen Quinto, C. (1998) Rearrangement of actin microfilaments in plant root hairs responding to rhizobium etli nodulation signals. Plant Physiology, 116(3), 871-877.
[12] Nand, L. and Richa, M. (2003) Synthetic detergent induced changes in the seed inhibition pattern and dehydrogenese activity in mungbean (Vigna radiata). EcoEnvConserv, 9(3), 379-383.
[13] Park, J., Gu, Y., Lee, Y., Yang, Z. and Lee, Y. (2004) Phosphatidic acid induces leaf cell death in arabidopsis by activating the rho-related small G protein GTPase- mediated pathway of reactive oxygen species generation. Plant Physiology, 134(1), 129-136.
[14] Behzadipou, M., Kluge, M. and Liithjea, S. (2001) Changes in plasma membrane fluidity of corn (Zea mays L.) roots after Brij 58 treatment. Protoplasma, 217, 65- 69.
[15] Brandt, K.K., Hesseloy, M.E., Rosloev, E.P., Enriksen, K. and Oyrensen, J.S. (2001) Toxic effects of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate on metabolic activity, growth rate, and microcolony formation of nitrosomonas and nitrosospira strains. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 67(6), 2489-2498.
[16] Nanba, O. and Satoh, K. (1987), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 84, 109-112.
[17] Reunova, Y.A. and Ayzdaycher, N.A. (2003) Effects of detergent on chlorophyll a content and quantity dynamics of microalga Chroomonas salina (Wils.) Butch. (Cryptophyta). International Journal on Algae, 5, 106-110.
[18] Mimuro, M. and Katoh, T. (1991) Carotenoids in photosynthesis: Absorption, transfer and dissipation of light energy. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 63(1), 123-130.
[19] Green, B.R. (1988) The chlorophyll-protein complexes of higher plant photosynthetic membranes or Just what green band is that? Photosynthesis Research, 15(1), 30- 32.
[20] Gadallah, M.A.A. (2004) Phytotoxic effects of industrial and sewage waste waters on growth, chlorophyll content, transpiration rate and relative water content of potted sunflower plants. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 89(1-2), 33-47.
[21] Szabad, J., Lehoczki, E., Szalay, L. and Csatorday, K. (1984) Lutein-chlorophyll-a energy transfer in detergent micelles, Biophysics of Structure & Mechanism, 1(1), 65- 74.
[22] Eggink, L.L., Park, H. and Hoober, J.K. (2001) The role of chlorophyll b in photosynthesis: Hypothesis, BioMed Central.
[23] Murphy, D.J. and Woodrow, I.E. (1984) The effects of Triton X-100 and n-octyl f-D-glucopyranoside on energy transfer in photosynthetic membranes. Biochemical Journal, 224(3), 989-993.
[24] Liu, S., Dong, F.Q., Tang, C.Q., Kuang, T.Y., Li, L.B. and Liu, Y. (2006) Photodamage to pigment in the photosystem reaction center D1/D2/Cytochrome b559 complex. Journal of Integrated Plant Biology, 48(7), 800- 806.
[25] Moya, I., Silvestri, M., Vallon, O., Cinque, G. and Bassi, R. (2001) Time-resolved fluorescence analysis of the photosystem II antenna proteins in detergent micelles and liposomes. American Chemical Society.
[26] Tang, D., Jankowiak, R., Seibert, M. and Small, G.J. (1991) Effects of detergent on the excited state structure and relaxation dynamics of the photosystem II reaction center: A high resolution hole burning study. Journal of Photosynthesis Research, 27(1), 19-29.
[27] Ivanov, B.N., Ignatova, L.K. and Romanova, A.K. (2007) Diversity in forms and functions of carbonic anhydrase in terrestrial higher plants. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 54(2), 143-162.
[28] Santacruz-Ruvalcaba, F., Gutiérrez-Pulido, H. and Rodríguez-Garay, B. (1999) Efficient in vitro propagation of agave parrasana berger. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 56(3), 163-167.
[29] Klimov, V.V., Karapetian, N.V. and Krasnovskiĭ, A.A. (1975) The effect of detergent Triton X = 100 on the light induced changes in the fluorescence yield of chloroplasts. Journal of Molecular Biology (Mosk), 9, 219-226.
[30] Katoh, S. (2003) Early research on the role of plastocyanin in photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Research, 76(1-3), 255-261.
[31] Dekker, J.P., Germano, M., Roon, H. and Boekema, E,J. (2002) Photosystem II solubilizes as a monomer by mild detergent treatment of unstacked thylakoid membranes. Photosynthesis Research, 72(2), 203-210.
[32] Vernon, L.P. (2003) Photosynthesis and the Charles F. Kettering Research Laboratory. Photosynthesis Research, 76(1-3), 379-388.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.