Share This Article:

Zeylanidium as Pollution Indicators: Live Sensors to Water Parameters

PP. 1-9
DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104518    0 Downloads   2 Views  

ABSTRACT

Podostemaceae family is well known as a group of aquatic angiosperms with enigmatic characters. The present work was performed to trace ecological aspects, phenology, water analysis and phylogenetic analysis of the genus Zeylanidium, in order to establish the uniqueness of the species in the fresh water habitats S-1 (9.9559°N, 76.8339°E) and S-2 (10.0538°N, 76.8294°E). Through water analysis it is revealed that the species of plants could be used as an indicator of pollution as they are present in very sensitive area of running fresh water. The phenology of the taxa understudy paved light to the co-existence of Zeylanidium maheshwari and Zeylanidium lichenoides. The data on comparison of molecular and phylogenic tree reveal that the species are highly related genetically for a sustainable coexistence.

KEYWORDS

Cite this paper

K. Simon, T. , Mathew, V. and L. Sreekala, S. (2018) Zeylanidium as Pollution Indicators: Live Sensors to Water Parameters. Open Access Library Journal, 5, 1-9. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1104518.

References

[1] Cusset, C. and Cusset, G. (1988) Etude sur les Podostemales: 10. Structures vegetativesetflorales des Tristichaceae. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Section B,Adansonia, botanique, phytochimie, 2, 179-218.
[2] Kita, Y. and Kato, M. (2001) Infrafamilial Phylogeny of the Aquatic Angiosperm Podostemaceae Inferred from the Nucleotide Sequence of the matK Genes. Plant Biology, 3, 156-163. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2001-12895
[3] Geetha, K. (2002) Autecology and Reproductive Biology of the Family of Podostemaceae in Kerala. PhD Thesis, MG University, Kottayam.
[4] Girija, K.D. (2007) Ecological and Phytochemical Studies in the Family Podostemaceae. PhD Thesis, MG University, Kottayam.
[5] Gareen, K. and Gyure, R.A. (2007) A Study of Bacterial Communities Associated with Podostemaceae Bio-films. Western CT State University, Danbury.
[6] Von Royen, P. (1953) The Podostemaceae of the New World. Part III. Acta Botanica Neerlandica, 3, 215-263. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1438-8677.1953.tb00265.x
[7] Thakthajan A. ,et al. (1980)Outline of the Classification of Flowering Plants (Magnoliophyta) Botanical Review 46, 226-339.
[8] Throne, R.F. (1992) An Updated Phylogenetic Classification of the Flowering Plants. Aliso, 13, 365-389. https://doi.org/10.5642/aliso.19921302.08
[9] Schnell, R.A.A. (1998) Anatomie des podostemaceae In: Landolte Janger-Zeurn, I. and Schnell, R.A.A., Eds., Extreme Adaptions in Angiosperms Hydrophytes Encyclopedia of Plant Anatomy XIII, 4: 197-290.
[10] Engler, A. (1930) Podostemaceae in Engler & Prantl. Die Naturalichen Pfanzen Familien, 2nd Edition, I-68, 483-484.
[11] Moline, P., Thiv, M., Ameka, G.K., Ghogue, J.-P., Pferifer, E. and Rutishauser, R. (2007) Comparative Morphology and Molecular Systematics of African Podostemaceae-Podostemoideae, with emphasis on Dicraeanthus and Ledermanniella from Cameron. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 168, 159-180. https://doi.org/10.1086/509607
[12] Pannier F. ,et al. (1960)Physiological Response of Podostemaceae in Their Natural Habitat Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie 45, 347-354.
[13] Vidyashankari B. ,et al. (1998)Seed Germination and Seedling Morpholgy in Inotristicharamosissima (Podostemaceae) Grown in Vitro Current Science 57, 369-373.
[14] Jager-Zurn, I. and Grubert, M. (2000) Podostemaceae Depend on Sticky Biofilm with Respect to Attachment to Rocks in Waterfalls. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 161, 599-604. https://doi.org/10.1086/314292
[15] Khanduri, P., Tandon, R., Unniyal, P.L., Bhat, V. and Pandey, A.K. (2014) Comparative Morphology and Molecular Systematics of Indian Podostemaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 301, 861-882.
[16] APHA (1998) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste. 20th Edition, American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington DC.
[17] Willis J.C. ,et al. (1902)Studies in the Morphology and Ecology of the Podostemaceae of Ceylon and India Annals of the Royal Botanic Gar-dens Peradeniya 1, 181-250.
[18] Mathew, C.J. and Satheesh, V.K. (1996) Zeylanidiummaheshwari: A New Species of the Family Podostemaceae in Kerala. Aquatic Botany, 54, 73-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3770(95)01003-3
[19] Nileena, C.B. (2001) Detailed Studies on Genera and Species of the Family Podostemaceae with Particular Reference to the Phenomenon of Polymorphism. PhD Thesis, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam.
[20] Maddison, W. and Maddison, D. (2009) MESQUITE: A Modular System for Evolutionary Analysis. Evolution, 11.
[21] Thompson, J.D., Gibson, T.J., Plewniak, F., Jeanmougin, F. and Higgins, D.G. (1997) The ClustalX Windows Interface: Flexible Strategies for Multiple Sequence Alignment Aided by Quality Analyses Tools. Nucleic Acids Research, 25, 4876-4882. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/25.24.4876
[22] Fitch, W.M. (1971) Toward Defining the Course of Evolution Minimal Change for a Specific Tree Topology. System Zool, 20, 406-416. https://doi.org/10.2307/2412116
[23] Swofford, D.L. (1996) PAUP: Phylogenetic Analyses using Parsimony (and Other Methods), Version 4.0. Sinauer, Sunderland.
[24] Saitou, N. and Nei, M. (1987) The Neighbour-Joining Method: A New Method for Reconstructing Phylogenetic Trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 4, 406-425.
[25] Tamura, K., Stecher, G., Peterson, D., Filipski, A. and Kumar, S. (2013) MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 30, 2725-2729. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.