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An Analysis of Ambient Air Quality Conditions Over Delhi, India From 2004 to 2009

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DOI: 10.4236/acs.2011.14024    5,381 Downloads   10,594 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

We analyzed 1-hour, 8-hour and 24-hour averaged criteria pollutants (NO2, SO2, CO, PM22.5, and PM10) during 2004 - 2009 at three observational sites i.e. Income Tax Office (ITO), Sirifort and Delhi College of Engineering (DCE) in Delhi, India. The analysis reveals increased pollutant concentrations at the urban ITO site as compared to the other two sites, suggesting the need to better locate hot spots in designing the monitoring network. There is also significant year to year variation in the design value trends of criteria pollutants at these three sites, which may be attributed to meteorological variations and local-level emission fluctuations. Correlations among criteria pollutants vary annually and spatially from site to site, indicating the heterogeneous nature of air mix. The annual ratios of CO/NOx are considerably higher than SO2/NOx confirming that vehicular source emissions are the primary contributors to air pollution in Delhi. The seasonal analysis of criteria pollutants reveals relatively higher concentrations in winter because of limited pollutant dispersion and lower concentrations during the monsoon period (rainy season). The diurnal averages of criteria pollutants reveal that vehicular emissions strongly influence temporal variations of these pollutants. Weekdays and weekend diurnal averages do not show noticeable differences.

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J. Biswas, E. Upadhyay, M. Nayak and A. Yadav, "An Analysis of Ambient Air Quality Conditions Over Delhi, India From 2004 to 2009," Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, Vol. 1 No. 4, 2011, pp. 214-224. doi: 10.4236/acs.2011.14024.

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