Exploration of the Face of the Turin Shroud. Pollens Studied by SEM Analysis

Download Download as PDF (Size:2582KB)  HTML   XML  PP. 158-178  
DOI: 10.4236/ad.2015.34014    1,898 Downloads   2,463 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment


We studied by SEM-EDX analysis the pollens on the Face of the Turin Shroud. A total of ten pollen grains were found; they were photographed, characterised and analysed. Three of them (pollens p6, p7 and p10) belong to Ceratonia siliqua, the carob tree; one of them (pollen p1) belongs to Balanites aegyptiaca (the palm tree of the desert), and another one (pollen p9) belongs to Cercis siliquastrum (the Judean tree). These three plants have their geographical distributions in the Near-East; that is indicative of a Palestinian origin of the Turin Shroud. Two pollen grains (p3 and p4) belong to Myosotis ramosissima. Probably myositis flowers were deposited later on the Turin Shroud, as reverence for this venerable and symbolic object.

Cite this paper

Lucotte, G. (2015) Exploration of the Face of the Turin Shroud. Pollens Studied by SEM Analysis. Archaeological Discovery, 3, 158-178. doi: 10.4236/ad.2015.34014.


[1] Danin, A. (2010). Botany of the Shroud: The Story of Floral Images on the Shroud of Turin. Jerusalem: Danin Publishing.
[2] Danin, A., Whanger, U., Baruch, U., & Whanger, M. (1999). Flora of the Shroud of Turin. St. Louis: Missoury Botanical Garden Press.
[3] Farey, H. (2014). Research Articles (5) Problems with Pollen.
[4] Ferguson, I. K. (1980). The Pollen Morphology of Ceratonia. Kew Bulletin, 35, 273-277.
[5] Frei, M. (1982). Nine Years of Palynologycal Studies on the Shroud. Shroud Spectrum International, 1, 3-7.
[6] Hesse, M., Halbritter, H., Zetter, R., Weber, M., Bucher, R., Frosch-Radivo, A., & Ulrich, S. (2009). Pollen Terminology: An Illustrated Handbook. Wien and New York: Springer.
[7] Horowitz, A., & Baum, B. (1967). The Arboreal Pollen Flora of Israel. Pollen et Spores, 9, 71-93.
[8] Konate, I. (2007). Diversité phénotypique et moléculaire du Caroubier. Doctoral Thesis, Rabat: Rabat University.
[9] Lucotte, G. (2010). Vérités sur le Saint Suaire. Anet: Atelier Fol’ fer.
[10] Lucotte, G. (2012). Optical and Chemical Characteristics of the Mineral Particles Found on the Face of the Turin Shroud. Scientific Research and Essays, 7, 2545-2553.
[11] Mabberley, D. J. (1987). The Plant Book. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[12] Maloney, C. (1990). The Current Status of Pollen Research and Prospects for the Future. The ASSIST Newsletter, 2, 1-7.
[13] Marion, A., & Lucotte, G. (2006). Le linceul de Turin et la Tunique d’Argenteuil. Paris: Presses de la Renaissance.
[14] Rossignol, M. (1969). Sedimentation palynologique récente dans la Mer Morte. Pollen et Spores, 11, 17-38.
[15] Whanger, M. W., & Whanger, A. D. (1998). The Shroud of Turin: An Adventure of Discovery. Franklin, TN: Providence House Publishers.
[16] Zohary, M. (1982). Plants of the Bible. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

comments powered by Disqus

Sponsors, Associates, and Links >>

Copyright © 2016 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.