Share This Article:

RNAi Mediated Drought and Salinity Stress Tolerance in Plants

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:544KB) PP. 1990-2008
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.612200    3,777 Downloads   4,554 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

RNAi mediated gene silencing demonstrated to serve as a defence mechanism against abiotic stress. Some endogenous small RNAs (microRNA and siRNA) have emerged as important players in plant abiotic stress response. Drought and salinity are the major environmental stresses that limit the agricultural food production. miRNA involved in drought and salinity stress response, including ABA response, auxin signalling, osmoprotection and antioxidant defence by downregulating the response target gene. It is observed that some of the microRNAs are upregulated or downregulated in response to drought and salt stress. We reviewed that miR167, miR393, mir474, miR169g are upregulated whereas miR168, miR396, miR397 are downregulated in rice plant during drought stress. Moreover, our detail categorical analysis on the basis of mechanism of action found that miRNA involved in drought stress was 28% in ABA signalling and response, 14.2% in auxin signalling, 9.52% in miRNA processing, 14.2% in cell growth, 9.52% in antioxidant defence, 4.76% in CO2 fixation and 9.52% in osmotic adjustment. Similarly, miRNA involved in salinity stress was 5.8% in auxin signalling, 23.5% in vegetative phase change and root, shoot, leaf and vascular development, 11.76% in gynoecium and stamens development, 8.82% in metabolic adaptation, 2.74% in early embryogenesis and 41.17% not known. Importantly, some common miRNAs such as miR159, miR167, miR169, miR393 and miR397 play an important role in both drought and salinity stress conditions. Here, in this review, we mainly focused on the current status of miRNAs, mechanism of action and their regulatory network during drought and salinity stress in plants.

Cite this paper

Pradhan, A. , Naik, N. and Kumar Sahoo, K. (2015) RNAi Mediated Drought and Salinity Stress Tolerance in Plants. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 1990-2008. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.612200.

References

[1] Battisti, D.S. and Naylor, R.L. (2009) Historical Warnings of Future Food Insecurity with Unprecedented Seasonal Heat. Science, 323, 240-244.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/323/5911/240.long
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1164363
[2] Takeda, S. and Matsuoka, M. (2008) Genetic Approaches to Crop Improvement: Responding to Environmental and Population Changes. Nature Reviews Genetics, 9, 444-457.
http://www.nature.com/nrg/journal/v9/n6/full/nrg2342.html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg2342
[3] Singh, A.K., Ansari, M.W., Pareek, A. and Singla-Pareek, S.L. (2008) Raising Salinity Tolerant Rice: Recent Progress and Future Perspectives. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 14, 137-154.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3550660/pdf/12298_2008_Article_13.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12298-008-0013-3
[4] Lindemose, S., O’Shea, C., Jensen, M.K. and Skriver, K. (2013) Structure, Function and Networks of Transcription Factors Involved in Abiotic Stress Responses. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 14, 5842-7588.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3634440/pdf/ijms-14-05842.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms14035842
[5] Williams, M., Clark, G., Sathasivan, K. and Islam, A.S. (2004) RNA Interference and Its Application in Crop Improvement.
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.98.1069&rep=rep1&type=pdf
[6] Kumar, P., Kamle, M. and Pandey, A. (2012) RNAi: New Era of Functional Genomics for Crop Improvement. Frontiers on Recent Developments in Plant Science, 1, 24-38.
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/229090799_RNAi_New_Era_of_Functional
_Genomics_for_Crop_Improvement
[7] Younis, A., Siddique, M.I., Kim, C.K. and Lim, K.B. (2014) RNA Interference (RNAi) Induced Gene Silencing: A Promising Approach of Hi-Tech Plant Breeding. International Journal of Biological Sciences, 10, 1150-1158.
http://www.ijbs.com/v10p1150.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/ijbs.10452
[8] Navarro, L., Dunoyer, P., Jay, F., Arnold, B., Dharmasiri, N., Estelle, M., Voinnet, O. and Jones, J. D. (2006) A Plant miRNA Contributes to Antibacterial Resistance by Repressing Auxin Signaling. Science, 312, 436-439.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/312/5772/436.full.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1126088
[9] Qu, J., Ye, J. and Fang, R. (2007) Artificial microRNA-Mediated Virus Resistance in Plants. Journal of Virology, 81, 6690-6699.
http://jvi.asm.org/content/81/12/6690.full.pdf+html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02457-06
[10] Ali, N., Datta, K.S. and Datta, K. (2010) RNA Interference in Designing Transgenic Crops. Landes Biosciences, 1, 207-213.
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.4161/gmcr.1.4.13344
http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/gmcr.1.4.13344
[11] Tang, G. and Galili, G. (2004) Using RNAi to Improve Plant Nutritional Value: From Mechanism to Application. Trends in Biotechnology, 22, 463-469.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167779904002021
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2004.07.009
[12] Segal, G., Song, R. and Messing, J. (2003) A New Opaque Variant of Maize by a Single Dominant RNA-Interference-Inducing Transgene. Genetics, 165, 387-397.
http://www.genetics.org/content/165/1/387.full.pdf
[13] Williams, M., Clark, G., Sathasivan, K. and Islam, A.S. (2004) RNA Interference and Its Application in Crop Improvement. Plant Tissue Culture and Biotechnology, 1-18.
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.98.1069&rep=rep1&type=pdf
[14] Regina, A., Bird, A., Topping, D., Bowden, S., Freeman, J., Barsby, T., Kosar-Hashemi, B., Li, Z., Rahman, S. and Morell, M. (2006) High-Amylose Wheat Generated by RNA Interference Improves Indices of Large-Bowel Health in Rats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103, 3546-3551.
http://www.pnas.org/content/103/10/3546.full.pdf
[15] Shimada, T., Otani, M., Hamada, T. and Kim, S. (2006) Increase of Amylose Content of Sweetpotato Starch by RNA Interference of the Starch Branching Enzyme II Gene (IbSBEII). Plant Biotechnology, 23, 85-90.
http://www.wdc-jp.biz/pdf_store/jspcmb/pdf/pb23_1/23_85.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.5511/plantbiotechnology.23.85
[16] Davuluri, G.R., Tuinen, A., Fraser, P.D., Manfredonia, A., Newman, R., Burgess, D., Brummell, D.A., King, S.R., Palys, J., Uhlig, J., Bramley, P.M., Pennings, H.M. and Bowler, C. (2005) Fruit-Specific RNA-Imediated Suppression of DET1 Enhances Carotenoid and Flavonoid Content in Tomatoes. Nature Biotechnology, 23, 890-895.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3855302/pdf/nihms-532873.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nbt1108
[17] Yu, B., Lydiate, D.J., Young, L.W., Schafer, U.A. and Hannoufa, A. (2007) Enhancing the Carotenoid Content of Brassica napus Seeds by Down Regulating Lycopene Epsilon Cyclase. Transgenic Research, 17, 573-585.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11248-007-9131-x
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11248-007-9131-x
[18] Ogita, S., Uefuji, H., Yamaguchi, Y., Koizumi, N. and Sano, H. (2003) Producing Decaffeinated Coffee Plants. Nature, 423, 823.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v423/n6942/full/423823a.html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/423823a
[19] Nunes, A., Vianna, G., Cuneo, F., Amaya-Farfán, J., de Capdeville, G., Rech, E.L. and Aragão, F.J. (2006) RNAi-Mediated Silencing of the Myo-Inositol-1-Phosphate Synthase Gene (GmMIPS1) in Transgenic Soybean Inhibited Seed Development and Reduced Phytate Content. Planta, 224, 125-132.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00425-005-0201-0
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-005-0201-0
[20] Kuwano, M., Ohyama, A., Tanaka, Y., Mimura, T., Takaiwa, F. and Yoshida, K.T. (2006) Molecular Breeding for Transgenic Rice with Low-Phytic-Acid Phenotype through Manipulating Myo-Inositol 3-Phosphate Synthase Gene. Molecular Breeding, 18, 263-272.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11032-006-9038-x#page-1
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11032-006-9038-x
[21] Guo, S. and Kemphues, K.J. (1995) Par-1, a Gene Required for Establishing Polarity in C. elegans Embryo, Encodes a Putative Ser/Thr Kinase That Is Asymmetrically Distributed. Cell, 81, 611-620.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0092867495900829
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0092-8674(95)90082-9
[22] Tabra, H., Grishok, H. and Mello, C.C. (1998) RNAi in C. elegans Soaking in the Genome Science. Science, 282, 430-431.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/282/5388/430.long
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.282.5388.430
[23] Bernstein, E., Cauday A.A., Hammond, S.M. and Hannon, G. (2001) Role for a Bidentate Ribonuclease in the Initiation Steps of RNA Interference. Nature, 409, 363-366.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v409/n6818/full/409363a0.html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35053110
[24] Agrawal, N., Dasaradhi, P.V.N., Mohommed, A., Malhotra, P., Bhatnagar, R.K. and Mukherjee, S.K. (2003) RNA Interference: Biology, Mechanism and Application. Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 67, 657-685.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC309050/pdf/0025.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MMBR.67.4.657-685.2003
[25] Schwarz, D., Tomari, Y. and Zamore, P. (2004) The RNA-Induced Silencing Complex Is a Mg2+-Dependent Endonuclease. Current Biology, 14, 787-791.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15120070
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2004.03.008
[26] Nykänen, A., Haley, B. and Zamore, P. (2001) ATP Requirements and Small Interfering RNA Structure in the RNA Interference Pathway. Cell, 107, 309-321.
http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0092867401005475/1-s2.0-S0092867401005475-main.pdf?_tid=f619ec
5a-18bd-11e5-9f01-00000aacb362&acdnat=1434964166
_4c70e7345
85d0c8edee927c722cc115b
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0092-8674(01)00547-5
[27] Lipardi, C., Wei, Q. and Paterson, B.M. (2001) RNAi as Random Degradative PCR siRNAs, Primers Convert mRNA in dsRNA That Are Degraded to Generate New siRNAs. Cell, 101, 297-307.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867401005372
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0092-8674(01)00537-2
[28] Sijen, T., Fleenor, J., Simmer, F., Thijssen, K.L., Parrish, S. and Timmsons, L. (2001) On the Role of RNA Amplification in dsRNA Triggered Gene Silencing. Cell, 107, 465-476.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867401005761
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0092-8674(01)00576-1
[29] Ahlquist, P. (2002) RNA Dependant RNA Polymerase, Viruses and RNA Silencing. Science, 296, 1270-1273.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/296/5571/1270.long
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1069132
[30] Jagtap, U.B., Gurav, R.G. and Bapat, V.A. (2011) Role of RNA Interference in Plant Improvement. Naturwissenschaften, 98, 473-492.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00114-011-0798-8
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00114-011-0798-8
[31] Gupta, K., Sengupta, A., Saha, J. and Gupta, B. (2014) The Attributes of RNA Interference in Relation to Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance. Gene Technology, 3, 110.
http://omicsgroup.org/journals/the-attributes-of-rna-interference-in-relation-to-
plant-abiotic-stress-tolerance-2329-6682.1000110.pdf
[32] Ding, D., Zhang, L., Wang, H., Liu, Z., Zhang, Z. and Zheng, Y. (2009) Differential Expression of miRNAs in Response to Salt Stress in Maize Roots. Annals of Botany, 103, 29-38.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2707283/pdf/mcn205.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcn205
[33] Shinozaki, K. and Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K. (2007) Gene Networks Involved in Drought Stress Response and Tolerance. Journal of Experimental Botany, 58, 221-227.
http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/content/58/2/221.full.pdf+html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erl164
[34] Cai, S., Jiang, G., Ye, N., Chu, Z., Zhang, J. and Zhu, G. (2015) A Key ABA Catabolic Gene, OsABA8ox3, Is Involved in Drought Stress Resistance in Rice. PLoS ONE, 10, e0116646.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4315402/pdf/pone.0116646.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116646
[35] Sahoo, K.K., Tripathi, A.K., Pareek, A. and Singla-Pareek, S.L. (2013) Taming Drought Stress in Rice through Genetic Engineering of Transcription Factors and Protein Kinases. Plant Stress, 7, 60-72.
http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/JournalsSup/images/Sample/PS_7%28SI1%2960-72o.pdf
[36] Bartels, D. and Sunkars, R. (2005) Drought and Salt Tolerance in Plants. Critical Reviews in Plant Science, 24, 23-58.
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/07352680590910410#.VZUliBuqqko
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07352680590910410
[37] Hirayama, T. and Shinozaki, K. (2007) Perception and Transduction of Abscisic Acid Signals: Keys to the Function of the Versatile Plant Hormone ABA. Trends in Plant Science, 12, 343-351.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2007.06.013
[38] Liu, H.H., Tian, X., Li, Y.J., Wu, C.A. and Zheng, C.C. (2008) Microarray-Based Analysis of Stress-Regulated microRNAs in Arabidopsis thaliana. RNA, 14, 836-843.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2327369/pdf/836.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1261/rna.895308
[39] Reyes, J.L. and Chua, N.H. (2007) ABA Induction of miR159 Controls Transcript Levels of Two MYB Factors during Arabidopsis Seed Germination. The Plant Journal, 49, 592-606.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.02980.x/epdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.02980.x
[40] Allen, R.S., Li, J.Y., Alonso-Peral, M.M., White, R.G., Gubler, F. and Millar, A.A. (2010) MicroR159 Regulation of Most Conserved Targets in Arabidopsis Has Negligible Phenotypic Effects. Silence, 1, 18.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2988730/pdf/1758-907X-1-18.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1758-907X-1-18
[41] Abe, H., Urao, T., Ito, T., Seki, M., Shinozaki, K. and Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K. (2003) Arabidopsis AtMYC2 (bHLH) and AtMYB2 (MYB) Function as Transcriptional Activators in Abscisic Acid Signaling. The Plant Cell, 15, 63-78.
http://www.plantcell.org/content/15/1/63.full.pdf+html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.006130
[42] Liu, Q., Zhang, Y.C., Wang, C.Y., Luo, Y.C., Huang, Q.J., Chen, S.Y., Zhou, H., Qu, L.H. and Chen, Y.Q. (2009) Expression Analysis of Phytohormone Regulated microRNAs in Rice, Implying Their Regulation Roles in Plant Hormone Signaling. FEBS Letters, 583, 723-728.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014579309000428
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2009.01.020
[43] Wei, L., Zhang, D., Xiang, F. and Zhang, Z. (2009) Differentially Expressed miRNAs Potentially Involved in the Regulation of Defense Mechanism to Drought Stress in Maize Seedlings. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 170, 979-989.
http://www.lcsciences.com/news/differentially-expressed-mirnas-potentially-involved-in-the/
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/605122
[44] Zhang, W., Yu, L., Zhang, Y. and Wang, X. (2005) Phospholipase D in the Signalling Networks of Plant Response to Abscisic Acid and Reactive Oxygen Species. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1736, 1-9.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1388198105001551
[45] Li, W.X., Oono, Y., Zhu, J., He, X.J., Wu, J.M., Iida, K., Lu, X.Y., Cui, X., Jin, H. and Zhu, J.K. (2008) The Arabidopsis NFYA5 Transcription Factor Is Regulated Transcriptionally and Posttranscriptionally to Promote Drought Resistance. The Plant Cell, 20, 2238-2251.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2553615/pdf/tpc2002238.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.108.059444
[46] Liu, P.P., Montgomery, T.A., Fahlgren, N., Kasschau, K.D., Nonogaki, H. and Carrington, J.C. (2007) Repression of AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR10 by microRNA160 Is Critical for Seed Germination and Post-Germination Stages. The Plant Journal, 52, 133-146.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2007.03218.x/epdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2007.03218.x
[47] Dharmasiri, S. and Estelle, M. (2002) The Role of Regulated Protein Degradation in Auxin Response. Plant Molecular Biology, 49, 401-409.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12036263
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-0377-3_11
[48] Xia, K., Wang, R., Ou, X., Fang, Z., Tian, C., Duan, J., Wang, Y. and Zhang, M. (2012) OsTIR1 and OsAFB2 Downregulation via osmiR393 Overexpression Leads to More Tillers, Early Flowering and Less Tolerance to Salt and Drought in Rice. PLoS ONE, 7, e30039.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3254625/pdf/pone.0030039.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030039
[49] Zhou, L.G., Liu, Y.H., Liu, Z.C., Kong, D.Y., Duan, M. and Luo, L.J. (2010) Genome-Wide Identification and Analysis of Drought-Responsive microRNAs in Oryza sativa. Journal Experimental Botany, 61, 4157-4168.
http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/content/61/15/4157.full.pdf+html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq237
[50] Wang, T., Chen, L., Zhao, M., Tian, Q. And Zhang, W. (2011) Identification of Drought-Responsive microRNAs in Medicago truncatula by Genomewide High-Throughput Sequencing. BMC Genomics, 12, 367.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3160423/pdf/1471-2164-12-367.pdf
[51] Liu, D., Song, Y., Chen, Z. and Yu, D. (2009) Ectopic Expression of miR396 Suppresses GRF Target Gene Expression and Alters Leaf Growth in Arabidopsis. Physiologia Plantrum, 136, 223-236.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1399-054.2009.01229.x/epdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2009.01229.x
[52] Wang, L., Gu, X., Xu, D., Wang, W., Wang, H., Zeng, M., Chang, Z., Huang, H. and Cui, X. (2011) miR396-Targeted AtGRF Transcription Factors Are Required for Coordination of Cell Division and Differentiation during Leaf Development in Arabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 62, 761-773.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3003814/pdf/erq307.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq307
[53] Yang, F. and Yu, D. (2009) Overexpression of Arabidopsis miR396 Enhances Drought Tolerance in Transgenic Tobacco Plants. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 31, 421-426.
http://eng.med.wanfangdata.com.cn/PaperDetail.aspx?qkid=ynzwyj&qcode=ynzwyj200905006
http://dx.doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1143.2009.09044
[54] Trindade, I., Capitao, C., Dalmay, T., Fevereiro, M.P. and Santos, D.M. (2010) miR398 and miR408 Are Up-Regulated in Response to Water Deficit in Medicago truncatula. Planta, 231, 705-716.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00425-009-1078-0
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-009-1078-0
[55] Kantar, M., Unver, T. and Budak, H. (2010) Regulation of Barley miRNAs upon Dehydration Stress Correlated with Target Gene Expression. Functional and Integrative Genomics, 10, 493-507.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10142-010-0181-4
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10142-010-0181-4
[56] Boualem, A., Laporte, P., Jovanovic, M., Laffont, C., Plet, J., Combier, J.P., Niebel, A., Crespi, M. and Frugier, F. (2008) MicroRNA166 Controls Root and Nodule Development in Medicago truncatula. The Plant Journal, 54, 876-887.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2008.03448.x/epdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2008.03448.x
[57] Malamy, J.E. (2005) Intrinsic and Environmental Response Pathways That Regulate Root System Architecture. Plant, Cell and Environment, 28, 67-77.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01306.x/epdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01306.x
[58] Shukla, L.I., Chinnusamy, V. and Sunkar, R. (2008) The Role of microRNA and Other Endogenous Small RNA in Plant Stress Response. Biochemical et Biophysica Acta, 1779, 743-748.
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/5394672_The_role_of_microRNAs_
and_other_endogenous_small_RNAs_in_plant_stress_responses
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagrm.2008.04.004
[59] Jiang, M. and Zhang, J. (2001) Effect of Abscisic Acid on Active Oxygen Species, Antioxidative Defence System and Oxidative Damage in Leaves of Maize Seedlings. Plant Cell Physiology, 42, 1265-1273.
http://pcp.oxfordjournals.org/content/42/11/1265.full.pdf+html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pce162
[60] Peltzer, D., Dreyer, E. and Polle, A. (2002) Differential Temperature Dependencies of Antioxidative Enzymes in Two Contrasting Species: Fagus sylvatica and Coleus blumei. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 40, 141-150.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0981942801013523
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0981-9428(01)01352-3
[61] Loggini, B., Scartazza, A., Brugnoli, E. and Navari-Izzo, F. (1999) Antioxidant Defense System, Pigment Composition, and Photosynthetic Efficiency in Two Wheat Cultivars Subjected to Drought. Plant Physiology, 119, 1091-1099.
http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/119/3/1091.full.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.119.3.1091
[62] Mittler, R. (2002) Oxidative Stress, Antioxidants and Stress Tolerance. Trends in Plant Science, 7, 405-410.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1360138502023129
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1360-1385(02)02312-9
[63] Cai, X., Davis, E.J., Ballif, J., Liang, M., Bushman, E., Haroldsen, V., Torabinejad, J. and Wu, Y. (2006) Mutant Identification and Characterization of the Laccase Gene Family in Arabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57, 2563-2569.
http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/content/57/11/2563.long
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erl022
[64] Sunkar, R. and Zhu, J.K. (2004) Novel and Stress-Regulated microRNAs and Other Small RNAs from Arabidopsis. The Plant Cell, 16, 2001-2019.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC519194/pdf/tpc1602001.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.104.022830
[65] Zhao, B., Liang, R., Ge, L., Li, W., Xiao, H., Lin, H., Ruan, K. and Jin, Y. (2007) Identification of Drought-Induced microRNAs in Rice. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 354, 585-590.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006291X07000666
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.01.022
[66] Nanjo, T., Kobayashi, M., Yoshiba, Y., Sanada, Y., Wada, K., Tsukaya, H., Kakubari, Y., Yamaguchi Shinozaki, K. and Shinozaki, K.(1999) Biological Functions of Proline in Morphogenesis and Osmotolerance Revealed in Antisense Transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. The Plant Journal, 18, 185-193.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0981942801013523
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-313X.1999.00438.x
[67] Reddy, A.R., Chaitanya, K.V. and Vivekanandan, M. (2004) Drought Induced Responses of Photosynthesis and Antioxidant Metabolism in Higher Plants. Journal of Plant Physiology, 161, 1189-1202.
http://download.bioon.com.cn/upload/month_0909/20090901_5a23deb987c28f13027
fA3vfgdivzRaM.attach.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2004.01.013
[68] Kantar, M., Lucas, S.J. and Budak, H. (2011) miRNA Expression Patterns of Triticum dicoccoides in Response to Shock Drought Stress. Planta, 233, 471-484.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00425-010-1309-4
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-010-1309-4
[69] Barrera-Figueroa, B.E., Gao, L., Diop, NN., Wu, Z.G., Ehlers, J.D., Roberts, P.A., Close, TJ., Zhu, J.K. and Liu, R. (2011) Identification and Comparative Analysis of Drought-Associated microRNAs in Two Cowpea Genotypes. BMC Plant Biology, 11, 127.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3182138/pdf/1471-2229-11-127.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-11-127
[70] Mangrauthia, S.K., Agarwal, S., Sailaja, B., Madhav, M.S. and Voleti, S.R. (2013) MicroRNAs and Their Role in Salt Stress Response in Plants. In: Ahmad, P., Azooz, M.M. and Prasad, M.N.V., Eds., Salt Stress in Plants: Signalling, Omics and Adaptations, Springer Science, New York, 15-46.
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/278700867_Salt_Stress_in_Plants
[71] Navarro, L., Dunoyer, P. and Jay, F. (2006) A Plant miRNA Contributes to Antibacterial Resistance by Repressing Auxin Signaling. Science, 312, 436-439.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/312/5772/436.full.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1126088
[72] Sunkar, R., Li, Y.F. and Jagadeeswaran, G. (2012) Functions of microRNAs in Plant Stress Responses. Trends Plant Science, 17, 196-203.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S136013851200026X
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2012.01.010
[73] Jones-Rhoades, M.W. and Bartel, D.P. (2004) Computational Identification of Plant microRNAs and Their Targets, Including a Stress-Induced miRNA. Molecular Cell, 14, 787-799.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15200956
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2004.05.027
[74] Fang, Q., Xu, Z. and Song, R. (2006) Cloning, Characterization and Genetic Engineering of FLC Homolog in Thellungiella halophila. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 347, 707-714.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006291X0601463X
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.06.165
[75] Xu, D.Q., Huang, J. and Guo, S.Q. (2008) Overexpression of a TFIIIA-Type Zinc Finger Protein Gene ZFP252 Enhances Drought and Salt Tolerance in Rice (Oryza sativa L.). FEBS Letters, 582, 1037-1043.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014579308001671
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2008.02.052
[76] Cheng, Y. and Long, M. (2007) A Cytosolic NADP-Malic Enzyme Gene from Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Confers Salt Tolerance in Transgenic Arabidopsis. Biotechnology Letters, 29, 1129-1134.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10529-007-9347-0
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10529-007-9347-0
[77] Yan, S., Tang, Z., Su, W. and Sun, W. (2005) Proteomic Analysis of Salt Stress-Responsive Proteins in Rice Root. Proteomics, 5, 235-244.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pmic.200400853/epdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmic.200400853
[78] Gao, P., Bai, X., Yang, L., Lv, D., Li, Y., Cai, H., Ji, W., Guo, D. and Zhu, Y. (2010) Over-Expression of osa- MIR396c Decreases Salt and Alkali Stress Tolerance. Planta, 231, 991-1001.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00425-010-1104-2
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-010-1104-2
[79] Jian, X., Zhang, L., Li, G., Zhang, L., Wang, X., Cao, X., Fang, X. and Chen, F. (2010) Identification of Novel Stress-Regulated microRNAs from Oryza sativa L. Genomics, 95, 47-55.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0888754309002158
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2009.08.017
[80] Ding, D., Zhang, L., Wang, H., Liu, Z., Zhang, Z. and Zheng, Y. (2009) Differential Expression of miRNAs in Response to Salt Stress in Maize Roots. Annals of Botany, 103, 29-38.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2707283/
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcn205
[81] DePaola, D., Cattonaro, F., Pignone, D. and Sonnante, G. (2012) The miRNAome of Globe Artichoke: Conserved and Novel microRNAs and Target Analysis. BMC Genomics, 13, 41.
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/13/41
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-13-41
[82] Liang, M., Haroldsen, V., Cai, X. and Wu, Y. (2006) Expression of Autative Laccase Gene, ZmLAC1, in Maize Primary Roots under Stress. Plant, Cell and Environment, 29, 746-753.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01435.x/epdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01435.x
[83] Attia, H., Karray, N., Msilini, N. and Lachaal, M. (2011) Effect of Salt Stress on Gene Expression of Superoxide Dismutases and Copper Chaperone in Arabidopsis thaliana. Biologia Plantarum, 55, 159-163.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10535-011-0022-x
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10535-011-0022-x
[84] Sunkar, R., Kapoor, A. and Zhu, J.K. (2006) Posttranscriptional Induction of Two Cu/Zn Superoxide Dismutase Genes in Arabidopsis Is Mediated by Downregulation of miR398 and Important for Oxidative Stress Tolerance. Plant Cell, 18, 2051-2065.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1533975/pdf/tpc1802051.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.106.041673
[85] Wei, J.Z., Tirajoh, A., Effendy, J. and Plant, A.L. (2000) Characterization of Salt-Induced Changes in Gene Expression in Tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum ) Roots and the Role Played by Abscisic Acid. Plant Science, 159, 135-148.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168945200003447
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0168-9452(00)00344-7
[86] Vazquez, F., Gasciolli, V., Crete, P. and Vaucheret, H. (2004) The Nuclear dsRNA Binding Protein HYL1 Is Required for microRNA Accumulation and Plant Development, but Not Posttranscriptional Transgene Silencing. Current Biology, 14, 346-351.
http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0960982204000478/1-s2.0-S0960982204000478-main.pdf?_tid=8ea
f430c-20b1-11e5-9a11-00000aacb35f&acdnat=1435838448_0036494
0609663c1506c6fd27774ef25
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2004.01.035
[87] Schwab, R., Palatnik, J.F., Riester, M., Schommer, C., Schmid, M. and Weigel, D. (2005) Specific Effect of microRNA on the Plant Transcriptome. Developmental Cell, 8, 517-527.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1534580705000225
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.devcel.2005.01.018
[88] Wu, M.F., Tian, Q. and Reed, J.W. (2006) Arabidopsis microRNA167 Controls Patterns of ARF6 and ARF8 Expression, and Regulates both Female and Male Reproduction. Development, 133, 4211-4218.
http://dev.biologists.org/content/133/21/4211.full.pdf+html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/dev.02602
[89] Mallory, A.C. and Vaucheret, H. (2006) Functions of microRNAs and Related Small RNAs in Plants. Nature Genetics, 38, S31-S36.
http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v38/n6s/full/ng1791.html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng1791
[90] Jung, H.J. and Kang, H. (2007) Expression and Functional Analyses of microRNA417 in Arabidopsis thaliana under Stress Conditions. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 45, 805-811.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0981942807001568
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2007.07.015
[91] Xie, Z., Kasschau, K.D. and Carrington, J.C. (2003) Negative Feedback Regulation of Dicer-Like1 in Arabidopsis by microRNA-Guided mRNA Degradation. Current Biology, 13, 784-789.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982203002811
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0960-9822(03)00281-1
[92] Ulmasov, T., Hagen, G. and Guilfoyle, T.J. (1997) ARF1, a Transcription Factor That Binds to Auxin Response Elements. Science, 276, 1865-1868.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/276/5320/1865.long
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.276.5320.1865
[93] Juarez, M.T., Kui, J.S., Thomas, J., Heller, B.A. and Timmermans, H.C. (2004) MicroRNA-Mediated Repression of Rolled Leaf1 Specific Maize Leaf Polarity. Nature, 42, 84-88.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v428/n6978/full/nature02363.html
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02363
[94] Li, H., Dong, Y., Yin, H., Wang, N., Yang, J., Liu, X., Wang, Y., Wu, J. and Li, X. (2011) Characterization of the Stress Associated microRNAs in Glycine max by Deep Sequencing. BMC Plant Biology, 11, 170.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3267681/pdf/1471-2229-11-170.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-11-170
[95] Lu, S.F., Sun, Y.H. and Chiang, V.L. (2008) Stress-Responsive microRNAs in Populus. The Plant Journal, 55, 131-151.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2008.03497.x/pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2008.03497.x

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.