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Molecular Regulation of the Metabolic Pathways of the Medicinal Plants: Phyla dulcis

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.611171    2,880 Downloads   3,154 Views   Citations


Phyla (Lippia) dulcis contains hernundulcin sesquiterpene zero-caloric sweetener that is about a thousand times sweeter than sucrose, and also bitter constituents including camphor and limonene. There is yet no simple method to remove the undesirable constituents. The yield of sweetener hernundulcin is very low, and there is no simple method to maximize its composition. The aim of the project was to characterize the mRNA targets that regulate the primary and terpenoid metabolic enzymes of P. dulcis. Restriction fragment differential display polymerase chain reaction of P. dulcis glutamate dehydrogenase-synthesized RNA showed that many mRNAs encoding β-caryophyllene, (+)-epi-α-bisabolol, bicyclogermacrene, bifunctional sesquiterpene, and geraniol synthases shared sequence homologies with ribulose-1,5-bisphophatase carboxylase, granule-bound starch synthase, pyruvate kinase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and phosphoenol pyruvate carboxylase. Sequence similarities between mRNAs encoding primary metabolic enzymes and terpene synthases suggested that photosynthesis could regulate terpenoid metabolism in order to increase the yield of sweetener hernundulcin.

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Osuji, G. , Weerasooriya, A. , Y. Ampim, P. , Carson, L. , Johnson, P. , Jung, Y. , Duffus, E. , Woldesenbet, S. , South, S. , Idan, E. , Johnson, D. , Clarke, D. , Lawton, B. , Parks, A. , Fares, A. and Johnson, A. (2015) Molecular Regulation of the Metabolic Pathways of the Medicinal Plants: Phyla dulcis. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 1717-1726. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.611171.


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