Share This Article:

Mapping of Flood Prone Areas in Surulere, Lagos, Nigeria: A GIS Approach

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:3289KB) PP. 158-176
DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2015.72014    4,186 Downloads   5,574 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Increase in the frequency of flooding incidents all over the world and indeed in Nigeria is a major cause for concern. The purpose of this research work is to identify the factors that lead to flooding; and using Geographic Information Systems, map the flood prone areas in Surulere. The causal factors of flooding in Surulere, such as high rainfall intensity and duration, land use patterns, human actions, urbanization, soil impermeability to mention but a few were identified. The pattern of rainfall in Surulere was analysed using 20 years rainfall data from The Nigerian Meteorological Agency. The land use/land cover map as well as the DEM of Surulere was generated in the ArcGis environment with ikonos imagery and 1:50,000 toposheet of Lagos S.E which covers Surulere. The Flood prone areas in Surulere were then mapped. Results show that majority of the land area of Surulere is prone to flooding. Flood mitigation such as early warning systems and flood forecasting, proper urban development, awareness and research should be implemented by the Lagos State Government.

Cite this paper

Okoye, C. and Ojeh, V. (2015) Mapping of Flood Prone Areas in Surulere, Lagos, Nigeria: A GIS Approach. Journal of Geographic Information System, 7, 158-176. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2015.72014.

References

[1] Ojeh, V.N. and Ugboma, P. (2012) Flood Hazards in Urban Niger Delta: A Case Study of Abraka Town, Delta State, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Engineering Research, 1, 23-29.
[2] Ojeh, V.N. and Victor-Orivoh, A.F. (2014) Natural Hazard and Crop Yield in Oleh, South-South Nigeria: Flooding in Perspective. Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change, 5, 181.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7617.1000181
[3] Etuenovbe, A. (2011) The Devastating Effect of Flooding in Nigeria.
http://www.fig.net/pub/fig2011/papers/ts06j/ts06j_etuonovbe_5002.pdf
[4] Water Words Dictionary (2000) A Compilation of Technical Water, Water Quality, Environmental, and Water-Related Terms. Nevada Division of Water Planning Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 495.
[5] Nkeki, F.N., Henah, P.J. and Ojeh, V.N. (2013) Geospatial Techniques for the Assessment and Analysis of Flood Risk along the Niger-Benue Basin in Nigeria. Journal of Geographic Information System, 5, 123-135 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jgis.2013.52013
[6] Okonkwo, I. (2013) Effective Flood Plain Management in Nigeria: Issues, Benefits and Challenges. Transparency for Nigeria, 2013. http://transparencyng.com
[7] Aina, T.A., Etta, F.E. and Obi, C.I. (1994) The Search for Sustainable Urban Development in Metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria: Prospects and Problems. Third World Planning Review, 16, 201-219.
[8] Ogala, E. (2012) Four People Missing, Hundreds of Farmlands Submerged in Kogi Flood. Premium Times, September 28, 2012. http://www.premiumtimesng.com
[9] Vanguard Newspaper (2012) More Photos of Lagos Flood, by Citizen Reporters. Vanguard Newspaper, June 11, 2012. http://www.vanguardngr.com
[10] Uluocha, N.O. (2007) Elements of Geographic Information Systems. Sam Iroanusi Publications, Lagos.
[11] Longley, P.A., Goodchild, M.F., Maguire, D.J. and Rhind, D.W. (2005) Geographical Information Systems: Principles, Techniques, Management and Applications. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., New Jersey.
[12] Sutton, T., Dassau, O. and Sutton, M. (2009) A Gentle Introduction to GIS. Chief Directorate: Spatial Planning & Information, Department of Land Affairs, Western Cape.
[13] Olajuyigbe, A.E., Rotowa, O.O. and Durojaye, E. (2012) An Assessment of Flood Hazard in Nigeria: The Case of Mile 12, Lagos. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure, 3, 367-375.
[14] Oyinloye, M., Olamiju, I. and Ogundiran, A. (2013) Environmental Impact of Flooding on Kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria: A GIS Perspective. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, 3.
[15] Associated Programme on Flood Management [APFM] (2013) Urban Floods: What Are the Negative Social Impacts of Flooding? http://www.apfm.info/?p=2459
[16] National Rainfed Area Authority (2011) The Impact of High Rainfall and Floods on Ground Water Resources in the Krishna River Basin (during 1999-2009). National Rainfed Area Authority, Planning Commission, New Delhi.
[17] Lagos Bureau of Statistics (2012) Abstract of Local Government Statistics. Lagos Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Economic Planning and Budget, Ikeja, Lagos.
[18] WMO (2009) Integrated Flood Management Concept Paper. Associated Programme on Flood Management, World Meteorological Organization, WMO-No. 1047, 2009.
[19] The Guardian Newspaper (2013) Lagos Engages Constructors in Surulere Drainage Project. The Guardian Newspaper, Monday, March 3rd, 2013.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.