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Allelopathic Potential of Wheat on Sourgrass Resistant to Glyphosate

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.67097    3,142 Downloads   3,463 Views  

ABSTRACT

We aimed with this study to assay the allelopathic potential of wheat genotypes in inhibiting germination and initial growth of sourgrass (Digitaria insularis) resistant to the herbicide glyphosate. Two experiments were installed under greenhouse conditions: the first one aimed to assay the potential of wheat genotypes in inhibiting emergence and initial growth of two test plants, and the second aimed to evaluate the potential of those wheat genotypes which performed better at the first experiment, inhibiting the emergence and initial growth of sourgrass biotypes resistant to the herbicide glyphosate. Five doses of aqueous cool-extracted extract from 32 wheat genotypes were applied to tomato and cucumber (Experiment 1) aiming to identify the ones with higher inhibitory effect. The five most inhibitory wheat genotypes were selected for Experiment 2, where the same doses of extract were applied on sourgrass. For both experiments, shoot fresh and dry mass, as well as water content, were assessed. Sourgrass germination is affected by wheat extracts, but initial seedling growth seems not to be affected; wheat genotypes differ in terms of their allelopathic potential in inhibiting sourgrass germination; wheat presents little inhibitory effect on sourgrass.

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Akira Ito, M. , Concenço, G. , Freire Marques, R. , dos Santos, S. , Santos Alves, M. , Gomes Palharini, W. , Melo, T. , Xavier Silva, L. , Linhares, L. and Concenço, S. (2015) Allelopathic Potential of Wheat on Sourgrass Resistant to Glyphosate. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 891-898. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.67097.

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