Share This Article:

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity among University Students of the Health Field in San Luis Potosí México

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:255KB) PP. 328-335
DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.73037    4,229 Downloads   4,862 Views   Citations


The aim for this research is to determine the association between the risk factors and prevalence of overweight and obesity in students in the health field in the Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí (UASLP in Spanish). A quantitative, correlational, and cross-sectional study was conducted from May to November 2012. By stratified random sampling, 290 students in the health field were selected. Questionnaire was used to identify factors associated with obesity. The obesity and overweight prevalence was determined, calculating body mass index through anthropometric measurement. The strength of the association between variables was measured using Chi squared and odds ratio tests. The proportion of students with overweight or obesity was 28.3% and was higher in men (36.8%) than in women (24.6%), with statistical significance (p < 0.01). Greater obesity or overweight was identified in psychology students (p < 0.01) and in those who reported an average appetite (79.3%) (p < 0.05). In total, 66.6% of the students decreased their physical activity upon joining the university, which was a factor significantly associated with obesity and overweight (p < 0.05). The findings show that the school environment can be a conditioning factor for the development of obesity and overweight in students. Implementation of a program is recommended to prevent and control such problems.

Cite this paper

María, T. , del Pilar, P. , Dario, G. , Adame, N. and Guillermo, O. (2015) Prevalence and Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity among University Students of the Health Field in San Luis Potosí México. Health, 7, 328-335. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.73037.


[1] Barquera, S. and Tolentino, L. (2010) Obesity and Diabetes in Mexico: Increasing Public Health Problems. In: Chapela, M., Ed., In the Debate: Diabetes in Mexico, [In Spanish], Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana (UAM) Xochimilco, México, 53-85.
[2] Biro, F.M. and Wien, M. (2010) Childhood Obesity and Adult Morbidities. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 91, 1499S-1505S.±html
[3] Soca, P. and Alvett, P. (2009) Consequences of Obesity. Acimed, 20, 84-92.
[4] World Health Organization (2010) Obesity and Overweight. Obesity Report. 10 Facts on Obesity, Technical Report Series 207.
[5] National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT) (2012) National Results. Nutrition/Adults. Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, 180-186.
[6] Carretero, A., Sánchez, L., Estragués, J., Raich, R. and Sánchez, D. (2010) Relevant Risk Factors, Current Eating Psychopathology, Body Shape Concern and Psychological Functioning in Eating Disorders. Psychology in Spain, 14, 32-41.
[7] Lloyd-Richardson, E., Bailey, S., Fava, J. and Wing, R. (2009) A Prospective Study of Weight Gain during the College Freshman and Sophomore Years. Preventive Medicine, 48, 256-261.
[8] Guerra, C., Vila, J., Apolinaire, J., Cabrera, A., Santana, I. and Almaguer, P. (2009) Risk Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity in Adolescents. MediSur, 7, 25-34.
[9] Macmillan, K. (2007) Assessing Eating Habits, Physical Activity and Nutritional Status among Students from the Catholic University of Valparaiso. Revista Chilena de Nutrición, 34, 330-336.
[10] Vargas, M., Becerra, F. and Prieto, S. (2010) Assessment of Dietary Intake among College Students, Bogotá, Colombia. Revista de Salud Pública, 12, 116-125.
[11] Vázquez, M. and Writim, A. (2010) Preliminary Study on Dietary Intake among College Students in the Majors of Medicine and Architecture at the University of Buenos Aires. Diaeta, 28, 14-17.
[12] Troncoso, P. and Amaya, C. (2009) Social Factors in Eating Behaviors of College Students. Revista Chilena de Nutrición, 36, 1090-1097.
[13] Calderon, C., Forns, M. and Varea, V. (2010) Involvement of Anxiety and Depression in Eating Disorders of Young Obese People. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 25, 641-647.
[14] Kubzansky, L., Gilthorpe, M.S. and Goodman, E. (2011) Prospective Study of Psychological Distress and Weight Status in Adolescents/Young Adults. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 43, 219-228.
[15] Sakraida, J. (2007) Health Promotion Model Nola J Pender. In: Marriner, A. and Raile-Alligood, M., Eds., Models and Theories of Nursing, 6th Edition. Elsevier-Mosby, Span, 289-297.
[16] Goldberg, D. (1988) Detection Scale of Anxiety and Depression.±Instrum_valoracion_atencion_domiciliaria/085_ESCALA_ANSIEDAD_DEPRESION_GOLDBERG.pdf
[17] Unikel, C., Letza, C. and Carreno, S. (2004) Validation of a Short Questionnaire to Measure Dietary Risk Behaviors Revista Salud Pública de México, 46, 509-515.
[18] Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion (2004) Population-Based Surveillance and Prevention of the World Health Organization. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire GPAQ Ginebra Suiza.
[19] National Center for Health Statistics (2009) NHANES Dietary Habits Questionnaire III. U.S.
[20] Menezes, C., Neutzling, B. and Aguiar, A. (2009) Risk Factor for Overweight and Obesity in Adolescents of a Brazilian University: A Case-Control Study. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 24, 17-24.
[21] Trujillo, B., Vazquez, C., Almanza, J., Jaramillo, M., Medellin, T. and Valle, O. (2010) Frequency and Risk Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity in University Students of Colima. Revista de Salud Pública, 12, 197-207.
[22] Farinola, M. and Bazan, N.E. (2011) Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity in College Students: A Pilot Study. Revista Argentina de Cardiología, 79, 351-354.
[23] Rogero, M.L., Albanil, M.R., Sánchez, M., Rabanal, A., Olivas, A. and García, C. (2012) Prevalence of Insulin Resistance in a Young Adult Population. Relationship with Weight Status. Endocrinología y Nutrición, 59, 98-104.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.