The Elemental, Mineralogical, IR, DTA and XRD Analyses Characterized Clays and Clay Minerals of Central and Eastern Uganda

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ABSTRACT

The results on the elemental and mineralogical compositions of clays from Central Uganda differed from those from the volcanic sediments of the Mt. Elgon in Eastern Uganda. Utilisation of the two types of clays should be strict after understanding their structural differences. Whereas elemental, mineralogical, DTA, IR, XRD and pH data on selected clays from Kumi, Nakawa, Seeta, Kajansi, Kawuku, Lwanda, Chodah and Umatengah indicated that they were kaolinites. Similar data on clays from Mutufu, Budadiri, Chelel and Siron indicated that they were largely smectites. The IR data accumulated on Kawuku, Kajansi, Lwada, Seeta, Chodah, Umatengah, Kumi and Nakawa clays revealed they were largely kaolinites yet that on Mutufu, Chelel, Budadiri and Siron clays indicated they were smectite-rich.

Cite this paper

Mukasa-Tebandeke, I. , Ssebuwufu, P. , Nyanzi, S. , Schumann, A. , Nyakairu, G. , Ntale, M. and Lugolobi, F. (2015) The Elemental, Mineralogical, IR, DTA and XRD Analyses Characterized Clays and Clay Minerals of Central and Eastern Uganda. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 5, 67-86. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2015.52010.

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