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Assessment of Groundwater Quality in the Dogger Aquifer of Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes Region, France

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DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.73014    3,349 Downloads   3,778 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The Poitou-Charentes, located in the Center-West of France, is a region where economy is based mainly on agriculture. This region, made up of 4 Departments (Vienne, Charente, Charente Maritime, Deux-Sèvres), is supplied largely by groundwater exploitation, both for consumption and for irrigation. This resource is thus vital to the region and its preservation is a major issue. The objective of this study is the determination of the groundwater quality in the Dogger aquifer of Poitiers (Vienne Department), which is the main water resource for this area and to achieve a better understanding of the factors influencing groundwater mineralization. Sixty-six wells, distributed over the study area, were sampled and analyzed for major ions (Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, HCO3-, Cl-, SO42-, NO3-). Data were interpreted using graphical (Piper diagram, binary diagrams) and statistical methods (correlation matrix, principal components analysis). Saturation and chloro-alkaline indices were also computed. It is shown that the groundwater mineralization is mainly associated with Ca2+, K+, HCO3-, Cl-, SO42-, and NO3-. Hydrochemistry of groundwater is determined by both natural processes, and anthropogenic factors. Natural factors are dissolution of carbonate and dolomitic minerals, and cation exchanges with clays, while anthropogenic factors are contaminant infiltration with waste waters and agricultural fertilizers. Nitrate is the main contaminant found in the groundwater and makes this resource unsuitable for consumption at some places.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Shorieh, A. , Porel, G. and Razack, M. (2015) Assessment of Groundwater Quality in the Dogger Aquifer of Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes Region, France. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 7, 171-182. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.73014.

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