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Criteria for Distinguishing Floc Sedimentation and Gel-Like Network Sedimentation of Cohesive Fine-Grained Sediment in a Turbulent Flow

PP. 24-31
DOI: 10.4236/gep.2014.25004    3,849 Downloads   4,052 Views  
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ABSTRACT

The study on the criteria used to distinguish floc sedimentation and gel-like network sedimentation of cohesive fine-grained sediment in a turbulent flow has rarely been carried out. In this preliminary study, we derive three criteria to distinguish these two different sedimentation phases by considering the comparison of the time that a characteristic floc takes to settle through mean distance between characteristic flocs and the time that it takes to move through the same distance under the influence of a turbulent flow. These criteria incorporate physical and chemical factors that have been verified to have some influences on the sediment flocculation in some published literatures, and a simple analysis result is found to be consistent with our qualitative understandings of flocculation phenomenon of cohesive fine-grained sediment.

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Zhu, Z. (2014) Criteria for Distinguishing Floc Sedimentation and Gel-Like Network Sedimentation of Cohesive Fine-Grained Sediment in a Turbulent Flow. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 2, 24-31. doi: 10.4236/gep.2014.25004.

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