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Evaluation of Phenotypic Diversity by Use of Variable Analysis Multi of Various Populations of Oak Cork (Quercus suber L.) in Tunisia

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DOI: 10.4236/oje.2014.414072    2,738 Downloads   3,011 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Populations of oak cork (Quercus suber L.) originated from different areas in Tunisia were analysed based on morphological characters to assess the overall degree of phenotypic variability, to detect similarities between the genotypes and to evaluate significant forest features. One-way ANOVA analysis shows a significant difference between oak cork populations and demonstrates that parameters measured on leaves show an important degree of variability and permit to discriminate oak cork individuals. Vegetative variables are leaf length, leaf width, petioles length, number of leaf veins, petioles width, spines number, leaf area, length nipples, diameter nipples, weight nipples, and height trees. Diameter trees were scored and subjected to multivariate analysis. Results showed a considerable diversity among local germoplasme of oak cork. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that the characters related to the length and width of the sheets and the nipples accounted for a large proportion of the observed variability. Cluster analysis showed a typically continuous phenotypic diversity among oak cork accessions, and little asso-ciations between accessions from same geographic origin. Also, some heterogeneity within accessions that received the same denomination was evidenced. The variability observed between different populations is attached to phenotypic characters which depend primarily on two factors, gene and environment.

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Abdessamad, A. , Dhib, I. , Baraket, G. , Ksontini, M. and Salhi-Hannachi, A. (2014) Evaluation of Phenotypic Diversity by Use of Variable Analysis Multi of Various Populations of Oak Cork (Quercus suber L.) in Tunisia. Open Journal of Ecology, 4, 861-872. doi: 10.4236/oje.2014.414072.

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