Share This Article:

Assessing Post-Conflict Challenges and Opportunities of the Animal-Agriculture System in the Alpine Region of Uvira District in Sud-Kivu Province, D. R. Congo

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:3267KB) PP. 2948-2955
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.520311    3,079 Downloads   3,378 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The Alpine region of Uvira District in South-Kivu Province faces low agricultural productivity challenges largely due to human population pressure on the natural resource base. During the dry season, conflicts between crop farmers and livestock breeders are common. This region is located 2500 - 3020 m a.s.l. and is almost inaccessible due to poor road infrastructure. To understand the interactions between natural resources (forests, pastures, soils) and sedentary agriculture, and to propose solutions for sustainable natural resource management, Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) sessions covering three farmer group interviews were conducted in July 2010 in Marungu, Kitembe and Kahololo location. The livelihoods of the Banyamulenge have been transformed from pastoralism to a sedentary system with the introduction of crop cultivation after 1980. Maize, bush beans and Irish potatoes are cultivated with limited success because of late crop maturity under the prevailing climatic conditions. Livestock, mainly cattle, sheep and goats is managed under extensive system, relying on natural pasture far from the human settlements. Livestock plays an important role to define people’s wealth and is mainly managed by men. There is a real need of forages during the dry season; however, cultivation of forages is unknown. On the other hand, pastures appear to be degenerating due to overgrazing. Access by farmers to efficient and effective agricultural extension services is fundamental in order to promote locally adapted and profitable crop and livestock production while at the same time, sustaining the productive resource base and security.

Cite this paper

Katunga, M. and Muhigwa, J. (2014) Assessing Post-Conflict Challenges and Opportunities of the Animal-Agriculture System in the Alpine Region of Uvira District in Sud-Kivu Province, D. R. Congo. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 2948-2955. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.520311.

References

[1] Kumar, S.K. and Hotchkiss, D. (1988) Consequences of Deforestation for Women’s Time Allocation, Agriculture Production, and Nutritional Areas of Nepal. Research Report 69, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC.
[2] Bencheriffa, A. (1983) Land Use and Equilibrium of Mountain Ecosystems in the High Atlas of Western Morocco. Mountain Research and Development, 3, 273-279.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3673021
[3] Food Agriculture Organization [FAO] (2010) The State of Food Insecurity in the World-Addressing Food Insecurity in Protracted Crises. FAO, Rome, 57.
[4] Katunga, M.M. (2004) Les systèmes agropastoraux du Bushi et du Buhavu à l’Est de la RDC face au défi de la malnutrition, juin. CERPRU ISDR, Bukavu, R. D. Congo, 89.
[5] Jost, C. and Katsomya, A. (2004) Livestock and Livelihoods 2003. Final Report on Findings—Objectives 1 and 3.
http://www.tufts.edu/vet/vet_common/pdf/ivm/sustain_drc_2.pdf
[6] Shi, P. and Li, W.H. (1995) Rehabilitation of Degraded Mountain Ecosystems in Southwestern China: An Integrated Approach. Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
[7] Zozo, R., Chiuri, W.L., Katunga. M.D. and Maass, B.L. (2010) Report of a Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) in the Groupements of Miti and Tubimbi, South Kivu/DR Congo. Working Document No. 211, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Nairobi, 32.
[8] Ghirotti, M. (1993) Rapid Appraisal: Benefiting from the Experiences and Perspectives of Livestock Breeders. World Animal Review, 77, 26-37.
[9] Ansoms, A. and Marivoet, W. (2010) Profil socio-économique du Sud-Kivu et futures pistes de recherche. L’Afrique des Grands Lacs. Annuaire 2009-2010, 267.
[10] Rufino, M.C. (2008) Quantifying the Contribution of Crop-Livestock Integration to African Farming. Ph.D. Thesis, Wageningen University, The Netherlands, 294.
[11] Sardar, M.R. (1998) Agro-Pastoral Production Systems of High Altitude Pastures, Upper Kaghan Valley, NWFP, Pakistan. Range Management Officer, Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar.
http://www.fao.org/ag/aGp/agpc/doc/pasture/peshawarproceedings/agro-pastoral.pdf
[12] Muhigwa J.B. and Suddy, S. (2000) Etude comparative des chèvres de l’est du Congo et du Rwanda Annales de l’UCB Bukavu, R. D. Congo.
[13] Ghozlane, F., Hafiane, S. and Larfaoui, M.C. (1998) Etude des paramètres zootechniques des quelques troupeaux bovins laitiers de l’est algérien (Annaba, Guelma et El-Tarf). Annales de l’Institut national agronomique El Harrach, 19, 54-61.
[14] Food Agriculture Organization [FAO] (2005) Grassland Species Profiles. FAO, Rome.
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.