Health> Vol.6 No.15, August 2014

Correlates of Depression among Patients Diagnosed with Chronic Illnesses in Saudi Arabia

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ABSTRACT

Background: Depression contributes to an increased medical morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic medical illnesses. The purpose of this study was to investigate correlates of depression among patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross sectional survey using 412 patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses has been used to collected data in regards to depressive symptoms, psychological distress, coping, and life satisfaction. Results: 25.2% of the patients reported that they had moderate to severe depressive symptoms, and about 13.8% of them had mild level of depression. Psychological distress and life satisfaction were significant correlates with depressive symptoms (r = 0.33, 0.54, p < 0.001), while coping strategies is not. The results also showed that there is a significant and negative correlation between patients’ age and depression score (r = 0.17, p ≤ 0.001). Regarding gender differences, the analysis showed that there was no significant difference between male and female patients in their depressive symptoms (t = ﹣0.69, p = 0.488). Conclusion: implication for clinical practice and research discussed.

Cite this paper

Aboshaiqah, A. (2014) Correlates of Depression among Patients Diagnosed with Chronic Illnesses in Saudi Arabia. Health, 6, 1895-1902. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.615222.

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