Share This Article:

Microorganisms in the Zone of Submarine Volcanic Eruptions at 535-513 Ma

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1936KB) PP. 2464-2471
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515261    2,106 Downloads   2,412 Views  

ABSTRACT

New anatomical features revealed in some Early Cambrian calcareous microfossils suggest comparison with Rhodophyta (red algae), which makes it possible to define their taxonomic position. A taxonomically rich Early Cambrian paleobiocoenosis has been discovered in northern Tien Shan, which exemplifies the existence on earth at 535-513 Ma (million years) of morphologically complex fungiform microorganisms and red algae in a shallow-water biotope where environmental conditions favorable for life were created as a result of submarine volcanic eruptions.

Cite this paper

Kolosov, P. and Sofroneeva, L. (2014) Microorganisms in the Zone of Submarine Volcanic Eruptions at 535-513 Ma. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 2464-2471. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515261.

References

[1] (1987) Fossil Calcareous Algae (Morphology, Systematics, Methods of Study). Red Algae (Rhodophyta). Group of authors, Novosibirsk, 109-139.
[2] Vologdin, A.G. (1962) Ancient Algae of the USSR. Moscow, Izd-vo AN SSSR, 657 p.
[3] Kolosov, P.N., Maksumova, R.A., Korolev, V.G. and Konovod, A.V. (1983) A Record of Plant Microorganisms from the Lower Cambrian in the Karakatta Formation of Northern Tien Shan. Izvestia Akademii Nauk SSSR. Seriya Geologicheskaya, 3, 123-128.
[4] Gollerbakh, M.M. (1977) Life of Plants in Six Volumes. V.3: Algae. Lichens. Prosveshchenie, Moscow, 488 p.
[5] Zinova, A.D. (1967) Classifier of Green, Brown and Red Algae from Southern Seas of the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad, Nauka, 399 p.
[6] Vasser, S.P., Kondrat’eva, N.V., Masyuk, N.P., et al. (1989) Algae: A Reference Book. Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 608 p.
[7] South, R. and Whittick, A. (1990) Introduction to Phycology. Translated from English, Moscow, Mir, 597 p.
[8] Luchinina, V.A. (1975) Paleoalgological Characteristics of the Early Cambrian in the Siberian Platform. Novosibirsk, Nauka, 97 p.
[9] Korde, K.B. (1973) Cambrian Algae. Moscow, Nauka, 349 p.
[10] Wray, J.P. (1967) Upper Devonian Calcareous Algae from the Canning Basin, Western Australia. Colorado School of Mines, 49 p.
[11] Johnson, J.H. (1966) A Review of the Cambrian Algae. Quart, Colorado School of Mines, 61, 162 p.
[12] Scagel, R.F., Bandoni, R.J., Rouse, G.E., et al. (1967) An Evolutionary Survey of the Plant Kingdom. Belmont, Wadsworth, 658 p.
[13] Mukhin, V.A. and Tretyakova, A.S. (2013) Biological Diversity. Algae and Fungi. Rostov-on-Don, Phoenix, 269 p.
[14] Kolosov, P.N. and Sofroneeva, L.S. (2012) Calcareous Microfossils from the Karakatty Formation (Lower Cambrian) of the Northen Tien Shan. Paleontological Journal, 46, 430-432.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0031030112030070
[15] Kolosov, P.N. (2013) Fungiform Organisms from the Early Cambrian of the Northern Tien Chan. Paleontological Journal, 47, 549-553.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0031030113050080
[16] Sofroneeva, L.S. (2013) Biological Interpretation of Microfossils Karakattanella Kolosov from the Lower Cambrian of Northern Tien Shan. Nauka i Obrazovanie, 4, 50-53.
[17] Kondrat’eva, E.N., Maksimova, I.V. and Samuilov, V.D. (1989) Phototrophic Microorganisms: Textbook. Moscow, Izd-vo MGU, 376 p.
[18] Kolosov, P.N. (2013) The Role of Red Algae in Abrupt Appearance of Animals in the Early Cambrian on Siberian Platform. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 60-64.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.412A2008

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.