NS> Vol.6 No.10, June 2014

The Complex Phenomenon of Glaciers of Nubra Valley, Karakorum (Ladakh), India

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:885KB)  HTML   XML  PP. 733-740  

ABSTRACT

The Nubra valley nestled in the Karakorum Mountains of Ladakh houses about 600 glaciers of various dimensions out of which 114 glaciers were monitored in the first phase of study. The study of 114 glaciers suggests that small-sized glaciers outnumber the large-sized glaciers. Almost 52.6% of the studied glaciers are of the size less than 5 km and 31.5% of the total glaciers are between the size of 5 and 10 km. The 84 glaciers out of the 114 glaciers have been monitored on shortterm basis between the time period 1989 and 2001 whereas 30 glaciers have been monitored on long-term basis between 1969 and 2001. The monitoring of the glaciers is based on the study of Survey of India topographical sheets of 1969 and satellite imageries of time series between 1989 and 2001. The monitoring of thirty glaciers shows that 17 glaciers have lost their area between 1969 and 2001. The loss in area is from 2150 km2 in 1969 to 2026 km2 in 2001. The study of eighty- four glaciers on short-term basis between 1989 and 2001 suggests that 26 glaciers have retreated, 25 glaciers have advanced and 33 glaciers show no change during the time period. The changes in the glaciers of Nubra valley are varied and complex.


Cite this paper

Ganjoo, R. , Koul, M. , Bahuguna, I. and  , A. (2014) The Complex Phenomenon of Glaciers of Nubra Valley, Karakorum (Ladakh), India. Natural Science, 6, 733-740. doi: 10.4236/ns.2014.610073.

References

[1] Space Applications Centre (2011) Snow and Glaciers of the Himalayas. Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad.
[2] Copland, L., Sylvestre, T., Bishop, M.P., Shroder, J.F., Seong, Y.B., Owen, L.A., Bush, A. and Kamp, U. (2011) Expanded and Recently Increased Glacier Surging the Karakorum. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 43, 503-516.
[3] Hewitt, K. (2005) The Karakorum Anomaly? Glacier Expansion and the “Elevation Effect”, Karakorum Himalaya. Mountain Research and Development, 25, 332-340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1659/0276-4741(2005)025[0332:TKAGEA]2.0.CO;2
[4] Mayer, C., Lambrecht, A., Beló, M., Smiraglia, C. and Diolaiuti, G. (2006) Glaciological Characteristics of the Ablation Zone of Baltoro Glacier, Karakoram, Pakistan. Annals of Glaciology, 43, 123-131. http://dx.doi.org/10.3189/172756406781812087
[5] Barrand, N.E. and Murray, T. (2006) Multivariate Controls on the Incidence of Glacier Surging in the Karakorum Himalaya. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 38, 489-498.
[6] Bahuguna, I.M., Rathore, B.P., Brahmbhatt, R., Sharma, M., Dhar, S., Randhawa, S.S., Kumar, K., Romshoo, S., Shah, R.D., Ganjoo, R.K. and Ajai (2014) Are the Himalayan Glaciers Retreating? Current Science, 106, 1008-1015.
[7] Koul, M.N. and Ganjoo, R.K. (2010) Impact of Inter- and Intra-Annual Variation in Weather Parameters on Mass Balance and Equilibrium Line Altitude of Naradu Glacier (Himachal Pradesh), NW Himalaya, India. Climatic Change, 99, 119-139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-009-9660-9
[8] Owen, L.A. and Dortch, J.M. (2014) Nature and Timing of Quaternary Glaciation in the Himalayan-Tibetan Orogen. Quaternary Science Reviews, 88, 14-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.11.016

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.