Share This Article:

A Study of Personality and Family- and School Environment and Possible Interactional Effects in 244 Swedish Children—A Multiple Regression Analysis

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:280KB) PP. 886-895
DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.58100    3,751 Downloads   4,955 Views  

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to examine relationships between psychosocial family- and school environment and personality as assessed by the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-J) and possible personality interactional effects. The study was based on 244 Swedish girls and boys, 10 - 19 years old, who filled in the Family- and School Psychosocial Environment (FSPE) questionnaire and the EPQ-J. A multiple regression analysis showed that the FSPE-factor family conflicts and school discipline predicts psychoticism (antisocial personality), and that the FSPE-factor warmth, support and openness from parents, siblings and peers predict extraversion. Sex, psychoticism and the size of sibling group predicted neuroticism. Spanking was reported in various degrees by 8.1 percent of the children, and this factor was related to psychoticism. These results support socialization theories. The most unexpected finding was the impact of interactions between personality variables themselves, influencing the FSPE’s predictability of neuroticism. Discussion about the advantage of the use of statistic control in a multiple regression, possible causal links between psychosocial environment and personality, limitations and further research propositions concludes the article.

Cite this paper

Persson, N. (2014). A Study of Personality and Family- and School Environment and Possible Interactional Effects in 244 Swedish Children—A Multiple Regression Analysis. Psychology, 5, 886-895. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.58100.

References

[1] Ando, J., Suzuki, A., Yamagata, S., Kijima, N., Maekawa, H., Ono, Y., & Jang, K. L. (2004). Genetic and Environmental Structure of Coninger’s Temperament and Character Dimensions. Journal of Personality Disorders, 18, 379-393.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/pedi.2004.18.4.379
[2] Aunola, K., & Nurmi, J.-E. (2005). The Role of Parenting Styles in Children’s Problem Behaviour. Child Development, 75, 1144-1159.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2005.00840.x-i1
[3] Backstrom, M., Bjorklund, F., & Larsson, M. R. (2009). Five-Factor Inventories Have a Major General Factor Related to Social Desirability Which Can Be Reduced by Framing Items Neutrally. Journal of Research in Psychology, 43, 335-344.
[4] Bornstein, M. H. (2006). Parenting Science and Practice. In K. A. Renninger, & I. E. Sigel (Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology: Vol 4. Child Psychology in Practice (6th ed., pp. 893-949). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
[5] Clayer, J. R., Ross, M. W., & Campbell, R. L. (1984). Child-Rearing Patterns and Dimensions of Personality. Social Behavior and Personality, 12, 153-156.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1984.12.2.153
[6] Costa Jr., P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1995). Primary Traits of Eysenck’s PEN System: Three- and Five-Factor Solutions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 308-317.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.69.2.308
[7] Deater-Deckard, K., Pike, A., Petrill, S. A., Cutting, A. L., Hughes, C., & O’Connor, T. G. (2001). Non-Shared Environmental Processes in Social-Emotional Development: An Observational Study of Identical Twin Differences in the Preschool Period. Developmental Science, 4, F1-F6.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-7687.00157
[8] Eysenck, S. B. G., von Knorring, A.-L., & von Knorring, L. (1988). A Cross-Cultural Study of Personality: Swedish and English Children. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 29, 152-161.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.1988.tb00786.x
[9] Jacobsson, L., Lindstrom, H., von Knorring, L., Perris, C., & Perris, H. (1980). Perceived Parental Behaviour and Psychogenic Needs. Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences, 228, 21-30.
[10] Khalegue, A., & Rohner, R. P. (2012). Transnational Relations between Perceived Parental Acceptance and Personality Dispositions of Children and Adults: A Meta-Analytic Review. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16, 103-115.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1088868311418986
[11] Kraft, M. R., & Zuckerman, M. (1999). Parental Behavior and Attitudes of Their Parents Reported by Young Adults from Intact and Stepparent Families and Relationships between Perceived Parenting and Personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 27, 453-476.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00255-4
[12] Lila, M., Garcia, F., & Garcia, E. (2007). Perceived Paternal and Maternal Acceptance and Children’s Outcome in Colombia. Social Behavior and Personality, 35, 115-124.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2007.35.1.115
[13] Miller, J. D., & Lynam, D. (2001). Structural Models of Personality and Their Relation to Antisocial Behaviour: A Meta-Analytic Review. Criminology, 39, 765-798.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.2001.tb00940.x
[14] Persson, N. B. G. (1997). Growth Environment and Personality in Adult Migraineurs and Their Migraine-Free Siblings. Headache, 37, 159-168.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1526-4610.1997.3703159.x
[15] Persson, N. B. G. (2011). Family and School Psychosocial Environment (FSPE): Development of a Brief Questionnaire Measuring Perceived Psychosocial Environments in Children/Siblings. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 52, 303-307.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2010.00868.x
[16] Pike, A., McGuire, S., Hetherington, E. M., Reiss, D., & Plomin, R. (1996). Family Environment and Adolescent Depression and Antisocial Behavior: A Multivariate Genetic Analysis. Developmental Psychology, 32, 590-603.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.32.4.590
[17] Plomin, R., & Daniels, D. (2011). Why Are Children in the Same Family So Different from One Another? International Journal of Epidemiology, 40, 563-582.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyq148
[18] Pomerantz, E. M., & Thompson, R. A. (2008). Parents Role in Children’s Personality Development. In O. P. John, R. W. Robins, & L. A. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of Personality-Theory and Research (3rd ed., pp. 351-374). New York: The Guilford Press.
[19] Reiss, D., Plomin, R., Hetherington, E. M., Howe, G., Rovine, M., Tryon, A., & Stanley, M. (1994). The Separate Worlds of Teenage Siblings: An Introduction to the Study of the Nonshared Environment and Adolescent Development. In E. M. Hetherington, D. Reiss, & R. Plomin (Eds.), Separate Social Worlds of Siblings: Impact of Nonshared Environment on Development (pp. 63-109). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
[20] Rushton, J. P., Bons, T. A., Ando, J., Hur, Y. M., Irwing, P., Vernon, P. A., Petrides, K. V., & Barbaranelli, C. (2009). A General Factor of Personality from Multitrait-Multimethod Data and Cross-National Twins. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 12, 356-365.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1375/twin.12.4.356
[21] Sessa, F. M., Avenevoli, S., Steinberg, L., & Morris, A. S. (2001). Correspondence among Informants on Parenting: Preschool Children, Mothers, and Observers. Journal of Family Psychology, 15, 53-68.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.15.1.53
[22] Statistics Sweden (2008). Antalsyskon 2011. Statistic Sweden.
http://www.ssd.scb.se/databaser/makro/Produkt.asp?
produktid=LE0102&lang=1
[23] Svensson, B., Langberg, B., & Janson, S. (2007). Vald mot barn 2006-2007. En nationell kartlaggning.
http://www.barnrattsdagarna.se/fileadmin/user_upload/
dokument/2012/pdf/v_ldmotbarn.pdf
[24] Vernon, P. A., Jang, K. L., Harris, J. A., & McCarty, J. M. (1997). Environmental Predictors of Personality Differences: A Twin and Sibling Study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 177-183.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.72.1.177
[25] Vernon, P. A., Villani, V. C., Schermen, J. A., & Petrides, K. V. (2008). Phenotypic and Genetic Associations between the Big Five and Trait Emotional Intelligence. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 11, 524-530.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1375/twin.11.5.524
[26] Wang, Q., Pomerantz, E. M., & Chen, H. C. (2007). The Role of Parents’ Control in Early Adolescents’ Psychological Functioning: A Longitudinal Investigation in the United States and China. Child Development, 78, 1592-1610.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01085.x
[27] Weiss, A., Bates, T. C., & Luciano, M. (2008). Happiness Is a Personal(ity) Thing: The Genetics of Personality and Well-Being in a Representative Sample. Psychological Science, 19, 205-210.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02068.x

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.