CE> Vol.5 No.5, April 2014

The Information Environment of Distance Learners: A Literature Review

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:321KB)  HTML    PP. 303-317  

ABSTRACT

The distance mode of educational delivery has become a very trendy method of popularizing education and breaking down the “insularity and the elitism of the typical conventional university”. It is widely known that distance learners can be found everywhere and anywhere—in metropolitan, non-metropolitan areas as well as any other environment. It is equally known that the information environment of users should aim to allow discovery, access and use of resources for research and learning irrespective of a user’s location. Consequent upon the fact that information support services are part of higher education programmes that add to the value and quality of learning regardless of the mode of delivery, the information needs of distance learners deserve to be met, irrespective of where they are located. It is in this respect that this review of literature seeks to examine the information needs of distance learners. It also peeps into the information (seeking) be- haviour culminating in how the information needs of distance learners are met. The other aspect of this review is the channels and, or sources of information through which the information needs of distance (remote) learners are met. Some of the sources or channels considered are the library, modules/study guides, lecturers or tutors, interaction with peers, friends/colleagues and mass-media. The review examines literature both in the western world, as well as what is available in Africa.

Cite this paper

Oladokun, O. (2014) The Information Environment of Distance Learners: A Literature Review. Creative Education, 5, 303-317. doi: 10.4236/ce.2014.55040.

References

[1] ACRL (2004). Guidelines for Distance Learning Library Services.
http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlstandards/guidelinesdistancelearning.htm
[2] ADEA (2002). Open and Distance Learning in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Literature Survey on Policy and Practice (ADEA Working Group on Distance Education and Open Learning—February 2002) (pp. 35-36).
[3] Adekanmbi, G., & Somers-Vine, T. (1996). Teaching through Distance Education (pp. 1-28). Paper Presented at the Distance Education Orientation Workshop Organized by the DEU, Tlokweng: Centre for Continuing Education, University of Botswana.
[4] Akinpelu, J. A. (1994). Education for Special Groups. In O. O. Akinkugbe (Ed.), Nigeria and Education: The Challenges Ahead (pp. 158-190). Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd.
[5] Athabasca University Library (2007). Circulation Services.
http://library.athabascau.ca/lib-services/libserv.php
[6] Bates, A. W. (2005). Technology, E-Learning and Distance Education. London: Routledge.
[7] Behrens, S. J., & Grobler, L. M. (1997). The University of South Africa’s Library Services to Distance Learners. In E. F. Watson, & N. Jagannathan (Eds.), Library Services in the Commonwealth: A Reader. Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning.
[8] Boadi, B. Y., & Letsolo, P. (2004). Information Needs and Information Seeking Behaviour of Distance Learners at the Institute of Extra-Mural Studies in Lesotho. Information Development, 20, 189-199.
http://idv.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/20/3/189
[9] Bockett, C., Marsden, L., & Pitchforth, J. (1997). Library Services to Distance Learners at Massey University: Some Management Issues. In E. F. Watson, & N. Jagannathan (Eds.) Library Services in the Commonwealth: A Reader (pp. 101-108). Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning.
[10] Bremner, A. (2000). Open University Students and Libraries Project 1999. Library and Information Research News, 24, 26-38.
[11] Bremner, A. (2001). Meeting the Information Needs of Distance Learners—The Open University’s Response. Vine, 122, 54-58.
http://library.open.ac.uk/aboutus/students/reports/PUBLICATION_VINE_Info_Needs_AB-2001.01.doc
[12] Canadian Library Association (CLA) (2000). Guidelines for Library Support of Distance and Distributed Learning in Canada.
http://www.cla.ca/about/distance.htm
[13] Commonwealth of Learning (COL) (2003). Developing Library and Information Services for Distance Education.
http://www.col.org/colweb/site/pid/3131
[14] Gachuhi, D., & Matiru, B. (1989). Handbook for Designing and Writing Distance Education Materials. Bonn: Deutsche Stiftungfr Internationale Entwicklung.
[15] Gupta, O. M. (2006). Encyclopaedia of Journalism and Mass Communication: Mass Media. India: Isah Books.
[16] Hartzer, S. et al. (1998). Web Information Services at the University of South Africa Library: A Work in Progress—Library Trends.
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1387/is_1_47/ai_53523840
[17] Holmberg, B. (1990). Foundations of Distance Education. London: Kogan Page.
[18] Indian Library Association (2001). Guidelines for Library Services to Distance Learners.
http://uviclib.uvic.ca/dls/LSDL_Guidelines.pdf
[19] Ivala, E. (1999). The Internet and Distance Education. A Paper Presented at the 1st National NADEOSA Conference.
[20] Jagannathan, N. (1998). Libraries in Distance Teaching University. In: M. K. Jain et al. (Eds.), 50 Years Library and Information Services in India. Delhi: Shipra Publications.
[21] Jegede, O. (2001). The Use of Distance Education Methodologies for Primary Teacher Education in Nigeria. In: Primary Teacher Education: The Use of Distance Education Methodologies for Primary Teacher Education in Nigeria. Vancouver: Commonwealth of Learning.
[22] Kabonoki, K., & Butale, C. (2005). Media in Open and Distance Education. In J. Walwema (Ed.), Tutors Training Manual. Gaborone: CCE, Distance Education Unit, University of Botswana.
[23] Kamau, J. W. (1997). Providing Support Services for the External B.Ed. Distance Learners Programme at the University of Nairobi. In E. F. Watson, & N. Jagannathan (Eds.), Library Services in the Commonwealth: A Reader (pp. 165-174). Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning.
[24] Kascus, M., & Aguilar, W. (1988). Providing Library Support to Off-Campus Programmes. College and Research Libraries, 49, 29-37.
[25] Kavulya, J. M. (2004). Challenges in the Provision of Library Services for Distance Education: A Case Study of Selected Universities in Kenya. African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science, 14, 15-28.
[26] Keegan, D. (1996). Foundations of Distance Education. London: Routledge.
[27] Keegan, D. (1999). Foundations of Distance Education. London: Routledge.
[28] Kelley, K. B., & Orr, G. J. (2003). Trends in Distant Student Use of Electronic Resources: A Survey. College & Research Libraries, 64, 176-191.
[29] Lehnert, W. G. (1999). Light on the Internet: Essentials of the Internet and the World Wide Web. Boston, MA: Addison Wesley Longman, 1-12.
[30] Lim, E., & Van Dyk, M. T. (1997). Library Support Models for Distance Education: The Australian Experience. In C. A. Snyder, & J. W. Fox (Eds.), Libraries and Other Academic Support Services for Distance Learning (pp. 70-82). Greenwich, CT: Jai Press.
[31] Liu, Z., & Zheng, Y. Y. (2004). Factors Influencing Distance-Education Graduate Students’ Use of Information Sources: A User Study. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 30, 24-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jal.2003.11.005
[32] Mabawonku, I. (2004). Library Use in Distance Learning: A Survey of Undergraduates in Three Nigerian Universities. African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science, 14, 151-165.
[33] Mathews, A. J. (1991). Accepting the Challenge: Providing Quality Library Services for Distance Education Programs. In B. M. Lessin (Ed.), Off-Campus Library Services: Selected Readings from Central Michigan University’s Off-Campus Library Services Conferences. Metuchen, NJ: The Scarecrow Press.
[34] Mcharazo, A. A. S., & Olden, A. (1999). Investigating the Learning Resource Requirements of Students at the Open University of Tanzania: Research Methods. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 31, 101-109.
[35] Mcharazo, A. A. S., & Olden, A. (2000). Fulfilling the Learning Resource Requirements of Students at the Open University of Tanzania. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 32, 204-214.
[36] McLean, E., & Dew, S. H. (2004). Assessing the Library Needs and Preferences of Off-Campus Students: Surveying Distance Education Students, from Midwest to the West Indies. In P. B. Mahoney (Ed.), The Eleventh Off-Campus Library Services Conference Proceedings. Philadelphia, PA: The Haworth Press.
[37] Meacham, D., & Macpherson, M. H. (1997). Overcoming the Tyranny of Distance. In E. F. Watson, & N. Jagannathan (Eds.), Library Services in the Commonwealth: A Reader (pp. 183-192). Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning.
[38] Mmari, G. R. V. (1997). Library Services for the Open University of Tanzania: Experiences of the First Year. In E. F. Watson, & N. Jagannathan (Eds.), Library Services in the Commonwealth: A Reader (pp. 193-198). Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning.
[39] Moore, M. (1988). On a Theory of Independent Study. In D. Sewart, D. Keegan, & B. Holmberg (Eds.), Distance Education: International Perspectives. London: Routledge.
[40] Moyo, L. M., & Ellysa, S. C. (2003). Meeting the Needs of Remote Library Users. Library Management, 24, 281-290.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01435120310485995
[41] Msuya, J., & Maro, F. (2002). The Provision of Library and Information Services to Distance Learners: The Open University of Tanzania (OUT). Libri, 52, 183-191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/LIBR.2002.183
[42] Muswazi, P. (2003). Distance Education Library Services in Swaziland. Information Development, 19, 214-224.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0266666903193011
[43] OCLC (Online Computer Library Center) (2005). Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources.
http://www.oclc.org/reports/pdfs/Percept_all.pdf
[44] Oladokun, O. S. (2000). New Technology, New Clientele: Distance Still Remains in Library Service. Paper Presented at Distance Education: An Open Question? An International Conference Sponsored by the University of South Australia in conjunction with the International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICDE). The University of South Australia, Adelaide, 11-13 September 2000. http://www.unisanet.unisa.edu.au/cccc/papers/refereed/paper31/Paper31-1.htm
[45] Oladokun, O. S. (2002a). Distance Education and the Role of the Library: A Case Study at the University of Botswana. MIS Dissertation, Pretoria: University of Pretoria.
[46] Oladokun, O. S. (2002b). The Practice of Distance Librarianship in Africa. Library Review, 51, 293-300.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00242530210434037
[47] Oladokun, O. S. (2006). The Networked World of Lifelong Learning and the Challenging Role of the Library. Information Development, 22, 102-109.
[48] Oliver, R., & Omari, A. (1997). Using the WWW to Support Distance Education and Open Learning. In J. Osborne, D. Roberts, & J. Walker (Eds.), Open, Flexible and Distance Learning: Education and Training in the 21st Century. 13th Biennial Forum of Open and Distance Learning Association of Australia, 29 September-3 October 1997. Launceston: University of Tasmania.
[49] Rowland, F., & Rubbert, I. (2001). An Evaluation of the Information Needs and Practices of Part-Time and DistanceLearning Students in the Context of Educational and Social Change through Lifelong Learning. Journal of Documentation, 57, 741-762.
http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=14129576 http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/EUM0000000007105
[50] Rowntree, D. (1990). Teaching through Self-Instruction: How to Develop Open Learning Materials. New York: Kogan Page.
[51] Rowntree, D. (1999). A New Way with Words in Distance Education.
http://www-iet.open.ac.uk/pp/D.G.F.Rowntree/words_in_de.htm
[52] SCONUL (2001). Access for Distance Learners: Report of the SCONUL Task Force.
www.sconul.ac.uk/pubs_stats/pubs/distancelearners_report.doc
[53] Sharifabadi, S. R. (1992). Information Gathering Behaviour of Students Studying in Distance Education and Off-Campus Programs at University Level. http://www.alzahra.ac.ir/REZAEI/off-camp.htm
[54] Sharma, P. L. (2002). Role of Library Services in Distance Learning. http://www.ignou.ac.in/aaou-pre/Sharma,PL.htm
[55] Shillinglaw, N. (1988). Supplying Library Materials to Undergraduate Students of a Distance Teaching University. Progressio, 10, 17-26.
[56] Siabi-Mensah, K. (2000). Ghana: The Use of Radio in the National Literacy and Functional Skills project in the Volta and Northern Regions. In R. Siaciwena (Ed.), Case Studies of Non-Foraml Education by Distance and Open Learning. Vancouver: Commonwealth of Learning/International Extension College.
[57] Singh, B. K. (2002). Library Services to Distance Learners: A Study of Kota Open University. Paper Presented at the AAOU Pre-Conference Seminar on Outreach Library Services for Distance Learners.
http://www.ignou.ac.in/aaou-pre/BK%20Singh.htm
[58] Sivaswaroop, P. (2006). PCF4 Collaboration: Appropriate Technologies. Contribution Made by Pathanenisivaswaroop [psivaswaroop@yahoo.com] during an Online Conference Organized by the Commonwealth of Learning.
[59] Stephens, K., & Unwin, L. (1997). The Heart of the Matter: Libraries, Distance Education and Independent Thinking. The Journal of Library Services for Distance Education, 1, August 1997.
http://www.westga.edu/~library/jlsde/vol1/1/KStephens_LUnwin.html
[60] Sutherland, J. (2000). Distance Education: Library Use among Adult Distance Learners: Its Implications for Local Public and Academic Libraries. A Capstone Project. MLIS Thesis, University of Denver.
http://www.du.edu/lisa/capstone/Capstone_Projects/j_sutherland.pdf
[61] Taplin, M. et al. (2001). Help-Seeking Strategies Used by High-Achieving and Low-Achieving Distance Education Students. Journal of Distance Education/Revue de l'enseignement à distance. http://cade.athabascau.ca/vol16.1/taplin.html
[62] The Oxford English Dictionary (1989). Colleague in The Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed., Vol. III). Oxford: Clarendon Press.
[63] University of Iowa. (2006). Bridging the Digital Divide. Fyi, 43.
http://www.uiowa.edu/~fyi/issues/issues2006_v43/11062006/feature1.html
[64] University of Iowa. (2006). The eGranary Digital Library: How It Works.
http://www.widernet.org/digitalLibrary/HowItWorks.htm
[65] W3C (2004). W3C Recommendations. In I. Jacob (Ed.), Architecture of the World Wide Web (Vol. 1).
http://www.w3.org/TR/webarch/#acks
[66] Walwema, J., & Thomas, P. Y. (2005). Tutoring with DEU Learning Materials. In Tutors Training Manuals (p. 48). Gaborone: Distance Education Unit-CCE, University of Botswana.
[67] Xingfù, D. (2001). China. In O. Jegede, & G. Shive (Eds.), Open and Distance Education in Asia Pacific Region. Hong Kong: Open University of Hong Kong Press.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.