Share This Article:

Essential Oils from Lippia origanoides Kunth. and Mentha spicata L.: Chemical Composition, Insecticidal and Antioxidant Activities

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:377KB) PP. 1181-1190
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.59131    5,745 Downloads   7,552 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This work describes the chemical composition of the essential oils extracted from fresh leaves of Lippia origanoides Kunth. and Mentha spicata L. and their antioxidant and insecticidal activities. The essential oils were extracted by steam distillation using a modified Clevenger apparatus and subsequently analyzed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The antioxidant activities were determined by the β-carotene-linoleic acid method and by sequestration of the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hidrazila radical. The concentrations of the essential oils and the synthetic standard, butylated hydroxyltoluene, were 25, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 and 500 μg mL-1. Insecticidal activity was analyzed by non-preference with choice and no choice against the aphid Myzus persicae Sulzer. Gas chromatography analysis of the essential oil from Lippia origanoides Kunth. revealed carvacrol (41.51%), p-cymene (18.36%), γ-terpinene (17.03%) and thymol (4.86%) as major constituents, and the essential oil from Mentha spicata L. contained piperitona (81.18%), piperitenone (14.57%) and limonene (1.47%) as the principal components. The essential oils and the standard exhibited dose-dependent antioxidant activities at the concentrations tested. The essential oils were shown to be potential agents in the integrated management of the aphid Myzus persicae Sulzer.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Teixeira, M. , Cardoso, M. , Figueiredo, A. , Moraes, J. , Assis, F. , Andrade, J. , Nelson, D. , Souza Gomes, M. , de Souza, J. and de Albuquerque, L. (2014) Essential Oils from Lippia origanoides Kunth. and Mentha spicata L.: Chemical Composition, Insecticidal and Antioxidant Activities. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 1181-1190. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.59131.

References

[1] Dixit, S. and Ali, H. (2010) Antioxidant Potential Some Medicinal Plants of Central India Antioxidant Potential Some Medicinal Plants of Central India. Journal of Cancer Therapy, 1, 87-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jct.2010.12014
[2] Viegas Junior, C. (2003) Terpenos com Atividade Inseticida: Uma Alternativa para o Controle Químico de Insetos. Química Nova, 26, 390-400. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422003000300017
[3] Blackman, R.L. and Eastop, V.P. (1984) Aphids on the World’s Crops: An Identification Guide. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester.
[4] Okunowo, W., Oyedeji, O., Afolabi, L. and Matanmi, E. (2013) Essential Oil of Grape Fruit (Citrus paradisi) Peels and Its Antimicrobial Activities. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 1-9.
[5] Vicuña, G.C., Stashenko, E.E. and Fuentes, J.L. (2010) Chemical Composition of the Lippia origanoides Essential Oils and Their Antigenotoxicity against Bleomycin-Induced DNA Damage. Fitoterapia, 81, 343-349.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2009.10.008
[6] Lawrence, B.M. (2006) Mint: The Genus Mentha. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
[7] BRASIL (2000) Farmacopéia Brasileira. 4th Edition, Ateneu, São Paulo, Part I, 2-7.
[8] Gomes, M.S., et al. (2013) Multivariate Analysis of the Essential Oil Components of the Genus Citrus and Their Antifungal Activity. Científica, Jaboticabal, 41, 111-121.
[9] Teixeira, M.L., et al. (2012) Citrumelo Swingle: Caracterização Química, Atividade Antioxidante e Antifúngica dos óleos Essenciais das Cascas Frescas e Secas. Magistra, 24, 194-203.
[10] Mendes, M.D., et al. (2011) ISSR Molecular Characterization and Leaf Volatiles Analysis of Pittosporum undulatum Vent. Naturalized in the Azores archipelago (Portugal). Industrial Crops and Products, 33, 710-719.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.01.010
[11] Lopes-Lutz, D., Alviano, D.S., Alviano, C.S. and Kolodziejczyk, P.P. (2008) Screening of Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Artemisia Essential Oils. Phytochemistry, 69, 1732-1738.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.02.014
[12] Ferreira, D.F. (2011) Sisvar: A Computer Statistical Analysis System. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 35, 1039-1042.
[13] Lima, R.K., et al. (2008) Composição dos óleos Essenciais de Anis-estrelado Illicium verum L. e de Capim-limão Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf: Avaliação do Efeito Repelente sobre Brevicoryne brassicae (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). BioAssay, 3, 1-6.
[14] Silveira, L.C.P., Vendramim, J.D. and Rosseto, C.J. (1998) Não-preferência para Alimentação da Lagarta-do-Cartucho em Milho. Bragantia, 57, 105-111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87051998000100012
[15] Santos, F.J.B., et al. (2004) Composition and Biological Activity of Essential Oils from Lippia origanoides HBK. Journal of Essential oil Research, 16, 504-506.
[16] Escobar, P., et al. (2010) Chemical Composition and Antiprotozoal Activities of Colombian Lippia spp Essential Oils and Their Major Components. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 105, 184-190.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762010000200013
[17] Sartoratto, A. (2004) Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oils from Aromatic Plants Used in Brazil. Brazilian Journal Microbiological, 35, 275-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822004000300001
[18] Chauhan, R.S., et al. (2009) Chemical Composition of Essential Oils in Mentha spicata L. Accession [IIIM(J)26] from North-West Himalayan Region, India. Industrial Crops and Products, 29, 654-656.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2008.12.003
[19] Koliopoulos, G., et al. (2010) Chemical Composition and Larvicidal Evaluation of Mentha, Salvia, and Melissa Essential Oils against the West Nile virus Mosquito Culex pipiens. Parasitological Research, 107, 327-335.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-010-1865-3
[20] Gobbo-Neto, L. and Lopes, N.P. (2009) Plantas Medicinais: Fatores de Influência no Conteúdo de Metabólitos Secundários. Química Nova, 30, 374-381. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422007000200026
[21] Wang, W., et al. (2008) Antioxidative Activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. Essential Oil Compared to Its Main Components. Food Chemistry, 108, 1019-1022. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.11.046
[22] Morais, S.M., et al. (2006) Atividade Antioxidante de óleos Essenciais de Espécies de Croton do Nordeste do Brasil. Química Nova, 29, 907-910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422006000500004
[23] Duarte-Almeida, J.M., Santos, R.J., Genovese, M.I. and Lajolo, F.M. (2006) Avaliação da Atividade Antioxidante Utilizando Sistema β-Caroteno/ácido Linoleico e Método de Sequestro de Radicais DPPH. Ciência e Tecnologia Alimentos, 26, 446-452. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612006000200031
[24] Ruberto, G. and Baratta, M.T. (2000) Antioxidant Activity of Selected Essential Oil Components in Two Lipid Model Systems. Food Chemistry, 69, 167-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00247-2
[25] Safaei-Ghomi, J., Ebrahimabadi, A.H., Djafari-Bidgoli, Z. and Batooli, H. (2009) GC/MS Analysis and in Vitro Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oil and Methanol Extracts of Thymus caramancus Jalas and Its Main Constituint Carvacrol. Food Chemitry, 115, 1524-1528. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.01.051
[26] Nerio, L.S., Olivero-Verbel, J. and Stashenko, E.E. (2009) Repellent Activity of Essential Oils from Seven Aromatic Plants Grown in Colombia against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera). Journal of Stored Products Research, 45, 212-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2009.01.002
[27] Zapata, N. and Smagghe, G. (2010) Repellency and Toxicity of Essential Oils from the Leaves and Bark of Laurelia sempervirens and Drimys winteri against Tribolium castaneum. Industrial Crops and Products, 32, 405-410.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2010.06.005

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.