Crystallization of Cellobiohydrolase in the Presence of Cellulose-Degraded Cellobiose: Analysis of Intermolecular Interactions and Association Dynamics

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Crystallization of enzymes in presence of impurities is important for clarifying the role of enzymes in natural world. Although it is proposed that impurities inhibit nucleation of enzyme crystallization, details are unclear. In this study, crystallization of cellobiohydrolase from Aspergillus niger was investigated by dynamic and time-resolved static light scattering using cellobiose as an impurity. We aimed to clarify how cellobiose inhibits cellobiohydrolase crystallization and to crystallize cellobiohydrolase in concentrated cellobiose without using seeds. The contribution of attractive forces to total intermolecular interactions of cellobiohydrolase monomers increased with the molar ratio of cellobiose/cellobiohydrolase (R(cb/ce)). Association dynamics of cellobiohydrolase using lithium sulfate, however, showed that the initial aggregation rate decreased with an increase in R(cb/ce). Because binding sites of cellobioses to cellobiohydrolase molecules differed from those for the growth of protein crystals, the binding of cellobioses would increase the chemical potential of the cellobiohydrolase monomers, which gradually reduced supersaturation for growth as the aggregate size increased. This result was in contrast with the conventional idea that cellobiose inhibits the nucleation of cellobiohydrolase crystals. Gentle agitation of cellobiose-containing cellobiohydrolase solutions during sitting-drop vapor-diffusion growth resulted in the growth of cellobiohydrolase single crystals for all R(cb/ce) conditions without using seeds.

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K. Onuma, N. Furubayashi, F. Shibata, Y. Kobayashi, S. Kaito, Y. Ohnishi and K. Inaka, "Crystallization of Cellobiohydrolase in the Presence of Cellulose-Degraded Cellobiose: Analysis of Intermolecular Interactions and Association Dynamics," Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2014, pp. 1-13. doi: 10.4236/jcpt.2014.41001.


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