Health> Vol.5 No.12, December 2013

Impact of media violence on aggressive attitude for adolescents

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:167KB)  HTML    PP. 2156-2161  

ABSTRACT

The goal of this study was mainly to examine the impact of media violence on aggressive attitude among Chinese adolescents by using a modified STROOP task. 74 adolescents participated in this study, 37 were assigned to violent movie group and 37 were assigned to non-violent movie group. The results showed significant Movie Type and Trait Aggressiveness interaction, and adolescents with high aggressiveness (HA) had a significantly higher aggressive attitude than adolescents with mild aggressiveness (MA) and low aggressiveness (LA) after watching violent movies. Furthermore, the relation between significant Movie Type and Gender interaction was also found, and boys showed a significantly higher aggressive attitude than girls after watching violent movies. This implied that violent movies could effectively affect aggressive attitude for adolescents in China.

 

Cite this paper

Zhang, Q. , Xiong, D. and Tian, J. (2013) Impact of media violence on aggressive attitude for adolescents. Health, 5, 2156-2161. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.512294.

References

[1] Wood, W., Wong, F.Y. and Chachere, J.G. (1991) Effects of media violence on viewers’ aggression in unconstrained social interaction. Psychological Bulletin, 109, 371-383. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.109.3.371
[2] Bushman, B.J. (1997) Priming effects of media violence on the accessibility of aggressive constructs in memory. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 537-545.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167298245009
[3] Zeng, F.L., Dai, Q.Y., Tang, S.Q. and Zhang, W.Y. (2004) Effect of watching violent TV on aggressive behavior of adolescents. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1, 35-37.
[4] Anderson, C.A. and Bushman, B.J. (2001) Effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, and prosocial behavior: A meta-analytic review of the scientific literature. Psychological Science, 5, 353-359.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9280.00366
[5] Huesmann, L.R., Moise-Titus, J., Podolski, C. and Eron, L.D. (2003) Longitudinal relations between children’s exposure to TV violence and their aggressive and violent behavior in young adulthood: 1977-1992. Developmental Psychology, 39, 201-221.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.39.2.201
[6] Carnagey, N.L. and Anderson, C.A. (2005) The effects of reward and punishment in violent video games on aggressive affect, cognition, and behavior. Psychological Science, 11, 882-889.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2005.01632.x
[7] Hyde, J.S. (1984) How large are gender differences in aggression? A developmental meta-analysis. Developmental Psychology, 4, 722-736.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.20.4.722
[8] Lagerspetz, K.M., Bjorkqvist, K. and Peltonen, T. (1988) Is indirect aggression typical of females? Gender differences in aggressiveness in 11to 12-year-old children. Aggressive Behavior, 14, 403-414.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1098-2337(1988)14:6<403::AID-AB2480140602>3.0.CO;2-D
[9] Crick, N.R. and Grotpeter, J.K. (1995) Relational aggression, gender, and social-psychological adjustment. Child Development, 66, 710-722.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1131945
[10] Lindeman, M., Harakka, T. and Keltilkangas-Jarvinen, L. (1997) Age and gender differences in adolescents’ reactions to conflict situations: Aggression, pro-sociality, and withdrawal. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 3, 339-351. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-005-0006-2
[11] Paquette, J.A. and Underwood, M.K. (1999) Gender differences in young adolescents’ experiences of peer victimization: Social and physical aggression. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 2, 242-266.
[12] López, E.E., Pérez, S.M., Ochoa, G.M. and Ruiz, D.M. (2008) Adolescent aggression: Effects of gender and family and school environments. Journal of Adolescence, 31, 433-450.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2007.09.007
[13] Bushman, B.J. (1995) Moderating role of trait aggressiveness in the effects of violent media on aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 950-960. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.69.5.950
[14] Freedman, J.L. (2002) Media violence and its effect on aggression: Assessing the scientific evidence. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
[15] Freedman, J.L. (1984) Effect of television violence on aggressiveness. Psychological Bulletin, 96, 227-246.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.96.2.227
[16] Holden, C. (2005) Controversial study suggests seeing gun violence promotes it. Science, 308, 1239-1240.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.308.5726.1239a
[17] Buss, A.H. and Perry, M.P. (1992) The aggression questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 452-459.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.63.3.452
[18] Li, J.J., Zhang, W., Zeng, S.J., Liang, J. and Zang, C. (2008) Effect of violent computer games on individuals’ aggression. Psychological Development and Education, 2, 108-112.
[19] Bushman, B.J. and Anderson, C.A. (2002) Violent video games and hostile expectations: A test of the general aggression model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 1679-1689.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014616702237649
[20] Berkowitz, L. (1993) Aggression: Its caused, consequences, and control. New York: McGraw Hill.
[21] Salmivalli, C. and Kaukiainen, A. (2004) Female aggression revisited: Variableand person-centered approaches to studying gender differences in different types of aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 30, 158-163.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.20012
[22] Boutwell, B.B., Franklin, C.A., Barnes, J.C. and Beaver, K.M. (2011) Physical punishment and childhood aggression: The role of gender and gene-environment interplay. Aggressive Behavior, 37, 559-568.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.20409
[23] Lansford, J.E., et al. (2012) Boys’ and girls’ relational and physical aggression in nine countries. Aggressive Behavior, 38, 298-308.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21433
[24] Boutwell, B.B., Franklin, C.A., Barnes, J.C. and Beaver, K.M. (2011) Physical punishment and childhood aggression: The role of gender and gene-environment interplay. Aggressive Behavior, 37, 559-568.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.20409
[25] Bushman, B.J. and Cantor, J. (2003) Media ratings for violence and sex: Implications for policy makers and parents. American Psychologist, 58, 130-141.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.58.2.130
[26] Cross, C.P. and Campbell, A. (2012) The effects of intimacy and target sex on direct aggression: Further evidence. Aggressive Behavior, 38, 272-280.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21430
[27] Bushman, B.J. (1996) Individual difference in the extent and development of aggressive cognitive-associative networks. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 811-819. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167296228004
[28] Khoury, K.M. (2012) Perpetration of aggressive behaviors against peers and teachers as predicted by student and contextual factors. Aggressive Behavior, 38, 253-262.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21424
[29] Wallace, M.T., Barry, C.T., Zeigler, H.V. and Green, B.A. (2012) Locus of control as a contributing factor in the relation between self-perception and adolescent aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 38, 213-221.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21419
[30] Funk, J.B., Bechtoldt-Baldacci, H., Pasold, T. and Baumgardner, J. (2004) Violence exposure in real life, video games, television, movies, and the internet: Is there desensitization? Journal of Adolescence, 27, 23-39.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2003.10.005

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.