Health> Vol.5 No.11, November 2013

Physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in university students in the city of Leon, Mexico

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ABSTRACT

Objectives: Recent changes in life style have increased obesity, smoking and sedentary habits in the entire population. Obesity and overweight frequency have trebled in Mexico in the last few decades. The presence and frequency of cardiovascular risk factors were determined in students at the Universidad DeLa Salle Bajío, both newly admitted and in advanced years. Material and methods: Anthropometric variables, serum glucose, total cholesterol levels, blood hemoglobin and hematocrit were obtained and assessed in 4814 students, 1507 recently admitted and 1507 advanced students. Results: The prevalence of obesity was 15.3%, sedentariness 33.8%, hypercholesterolemia 8.16%, smoking habits 15.8%, and alcohol consumption 12.1%. Body mass index (BMI) (23.5 ± 4 vs. 22.7 ± 4), waist/ abdomen index (0.84 ± 0.06 vs. 0.83 ± 0.06) and serum cholesterol (3.54 mmol/L ± 0.79 vs. 3.98 mmol/L ± 0.77) were greater in the advanced students (p < 0.001). BMI was associated only with the waist/abdomen index (r = 0.99, p < 0.001). Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of sedentarism, smoking and obesity in university students and these problems are more important in advanced students. Programs for integral health attention should be implemented in university students in order to avoid cardiovascular risk factors.

Cite this paper

Macías-Cervantes, M. , Pérez-Vázquez, V. , Rivera-Cisneros, A. , Martínez-Rivera, A. , Ramírez-Emiliano, J. and Kornhauser, C. (2013) Physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in university students in the city of Leon, Mexico. Health, 5, 1861-1865. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.511250.

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