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Engineering Geological and Geophysical Assessment of the 2009 Jiwei Shan Rockslide, Wulong, China

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DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32B014    2,479 Downloads   3,669 Views  

ABSTRACT

This study presents the engineering geological and geophysical assessment of the June 5, 2009 Jiwei Shan rockslide, Wulong, China. Jiwei Shan is a part of Wulong karst terrain lithologically, it’s composed of Quaternary Deposits, Jialingjiang Formation, Maokou, Qixia, Liangshan and Hanjiadian Groups (chronologically from younger to older). The surface is highly irregular (pinnached), the rocks contain two sets of fractures, networks of convoluted solution channels and caves and there are large voids filled by soil mantle. It’s a south-north dipping limb of an anticline fold composed of sedimentary rocks, mainly of limestone of variable composition, mudstone and shale and series of limestone deposited with interbedded mudstone and shale. There are two sets of steeply dipping fractures developed in the Maokou and upper strata of Qixia Groups; set one trending EW and set two trending nearly SN directions. The study has been conducted by geological fieldwork, geophysical investigation (Vertical Electrical Sounding), petrographical and scanning electron microscope (SEM) studies and laboratory testing on rock samples collected from Jialingjiang Formation and Maokou and Qixia Groups. The study of the SEM photomicrographs showed that the microcrack propagations in limestone indicated that the increases in crack length and micropores of limestone are indication to the weathering grade increase from II (slightly weathered rock) to grade III and IV (moderately and highly weathered, respectively). The Qixia Group; Middle Layer is highly weathered shale and bituminous interlayer with clear fissility, high porosity, and gently dipping strata, it represents the sliding surface of the rockslide. It’s comparatively weak and strongly weathered compared to the overlain EW and SN fractured stratum. Generally, the tectonic of the study area imposes controls on the rockslide in many ways: created favourable terrain, provided sufficient rockslide prone materials such as highly weathered limestone and shale, weak rocks, created very steep beds which reduced the stability of the highly fractured bedrock of the slope.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

E. Eldin, M. A. M., Huiming Tang, Y. Xu, C. Xiong and Y. Ge, "Engineering Geological and Geophysical Assessment of the 2009 Jiwei Shan Rockslide, Wulong, China," Open Journal of Geology, Vol. 3 No. 2B, 2013, pp. 60-70. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32B014.

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