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Arsenic Speciation Analysis by Ion Chromatography - A Critical Review of Principles and Applications

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DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.21004    10,517 Downloads   24,576 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Multiple acute and chronic toxicity of arsenic species and its mobilisation from geological deposits into ground and drinking water resources is one of the greatest threats to human health. Arsenic speciation analy-sis, mostly done by liquid chromatography, is a challenging task which requires an intense high quality work with respect to extraction, preservation, separation, detection and validation. A growing number of As-spe-cies and low regulatory limits (10 μg/L) may require more than one speciation method preferably performed by species specific procedures and detectors. Beside As-fractionation for special application there are many selective speciation methods based on high performance separation techniques like capillary electrophoreses, gas and liquid chromatography. Both, fractionation and speciation methods are reviewed. However, the focus is on scopes and limits of ion chromatographic separations, the most frequently used methods. Based on IC-principles the methods applied are critically discussed and recommendations given which should result in more robust and reliable As-speciation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Ammann, "Arsenic Speciation Analysis by Ion Chromatography - A Critical Review of Principles and Applications," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2011, pp. 27-45. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2011.21004.

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