Health> Vol.5 No.8B, August 2013
Views: 647    Downloads: 646

Sleep quality, sleep patterns and consumption of energy drinks and other caffeinated beverages among Peruvian college students

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate sleep quality in relation to lifestyle characteristics including consumption of energy drinks and other caffeinated beverages among Peruvian college students. Methods: A total of 2458 college students were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire that collected information about a variety of behaviors including consumption of energy drinks, caffeinated and alcoholic beverages. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess sleep quality. Logistic regression procedures were used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for poor sleep quality in relation to lifestyle characteristics. Results: A total of 965 males and 1493 female students were enrolled in the study. 52.0% of males and 58.4% of females experienced poor sleep quality (p = 0.002). Females (OR = 1.28; 95% CI 1.08-1.51) and those who reported consuming ≥3 stimulant beverages per week (OR = 1.88; 95% CI 1.42-2.50) had higher odds of poor sleep quality. Students who consumed 1-19 alcoholic beverages monthly (OR = 1.90; 95% CI 1.46-2.49) had a higher odds of long sleep latency. Consumption of ≥3 stimulant beverages per week was associated with daytime dysfunction due to sleep loss (OR = 1.45; 95% CI 1.10-1.90), short sleep duration (OR = 1.49; 95% CI 1.14-1.94), and use of sleep medication (OR = 2.10; 95% CI 1.35-3.28). Conclusions: Consumption of energy drinks, other caffeinated beverages and alcoholic beverages are risk factors of poor sleep quality. Increased awareness of these associations should promote interventions to improve students’ lifestyle habits, including consumption of alcoholic and caffeinated beverages, and overall health.

KEYWORDS


Cite this paper

Sanchez, S. , Martinez, C. , Oriol, R. , Yanez, D. , Castañeda, B. , Sanchez, E. , Gelaye, B. and Williams, M. (2013) Sleep quality, sleep patterns and consumption of energy drinks and other caffeinated beverages among Peruvian college students. Health, 5, 26-35. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.58A2005.

References

[1] Cheng, S.H., Shih, C.C., Lee, I.H., Hou, Y.W., Chen, K.C., et al. (2012) A study on the sleep quality of incoming university students. Psychiatry Research, 197, 270-274. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2011.08.011
[2] Lund, H.G., Reider, B.D., Whiting, A.B. and Prichard, J.R. (2010) Sleep patterns and predictors of disturbed sleep in a large population of college students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 46, 124-132. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.06.016
[3] Gaultney, J.F. (2011) The prevalence of sleep disorders in college students: Impact on academic performance. The Journal of American College Health, 59, 91-97. doi:10.1080/07448481.2010.483708
[4] Thacher, P.V. (2008) University students and “the all nighter”: Correlates and patterns of students’ engagement in a single night of total sleep deprivation. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 6, 16-31. doi:10.1080/15402000701796114
[5] IOM (2006) Institute of Medicine, Committee on Sleep Medicine and Research. In: Harvey R.C. and Bruce M.A., Eds., Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation: An Unmet Public Health Problem, National Academy of Sciences Press, Washington DC.
[6] Pollak, C.P. and Bright, D. (2003) Caffeine consumption and weekly sleep patterns in US seventh-, eighth-, and ninth-graders. Pediatrics, 111, 42-46. doi:10.1542/peds.111.1.42
[7] Lohsoonthorn, V., Khidir, H., Casillas, G., Lertmaharit, S., Tadesse, M.G., Pensuksan, W.C., Rattananupong, T., Gelaye, B. and Williams, M.A. (2012) Sleep quality and sleep patterns in relation to consumption of energy drinks, caffeinated beverages, and other stimulants among Thai college students. Sleep Breath (Epub ahead of print). doi:10.1007/s11325-012-0792-1
[8] Howland, J. and Rohsenow, D.J. (2013) Risks of energy drinks mixed with alcohol. JAMA, 309, 245-246. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.187978
[9] Brezinová, V. (1974) Effect of caffeine on sleep: EEG study in late middle age people. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 1, 203-208.
[10] Hindmarch, I., Rigney, U., Stanley, N., Quinlan, P., Rycroft, J., et al. (2000) A naturalistic investigation of the effects of day-long consumption of tea, coffee and water on alertness, sleep onset and sleep quality. Psychopharmacology, 149, 203-216. doi:10.1007/s002130000383
[11] Van Dongen, H.P., Price, N.J., Mullington, J.M., Szuba, M.P., Kapoor, S.C., et al. (2001) Caffeine eliminates psychomotor vigilance deficits from sleep inertia. Sleep, 24, 813-819.
[12] Malinauskas, B.M., Aeby, V.G., Overton, R.F., CarpenterAeby, T. and Barber-Heidal, K. (2007) A survey of energy drink consumption patterns among college students. Nutrition Journal, 6, 35. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-35
[13] Buysse, D.J., Reynolds, C.F., Monk, T.H., Berman, S.R. and Kupfer, D.J. (1989) The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Research, 28, 193-213. doi:10.1016/0165-1781(89)90047-4
[14] Carney, C.E., Edinger, J.D., Meyer, B., Lindman, L. and Istre, T. (2006) Daily activities and sleep quality in college students. Chronobiology International, 23, 623-637. doi:10.1080/07420520600650695
[15] WHO (2004) Global status report on alcohol. World Health Organization. Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Geneva.
[16] Freiberg, M.S., Cabral, H.J., Heeren, T.C., Vasan, R.S. and Curtis Ellison, R. (2004) Alcohol consumption and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the US: A cross-sectional analysis of data from the third national health and nutrition examination survey. Diabetes Care, 27, 2954-2959. doi:10.2337/diacare.27.12.2954
[17] WHO (1995) Physical status: The use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee, WHO, Geneva.
[18] Lowe, B., Spitzer, R.L., Grafe, K., Kroenke, K., Quenter, A., et al. (2004) Comparative validity of three screening questionnaires for DSM-IV depressive disorders and physicians’ diagnoses. Journal of Affective Disorders, 78, 131-140. doi:10.1016/S0165-0327(02)00237-9
[19] Rothman, K.J. and Greenland, S. (1998) Modern epidemiology. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia.
[20] Lemma, S., Patel, S.V., Tarekegn, Y.A., Tadesse, M.G., Berhane, Y., et al. (2012) The epidemiology of sleep quality, sleep patterns, consumption of caffeinated beverages, and khat use among Ethiopian college students. Sleep Disorders, 2012, 11. doi:10.1155/2012/583510
[21] Marco, C.A., Wolfson, A.R., Sparling, M. and Azuaje, A. (2011) Family socioeconomic status and sleep patterns of young adolescents. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 10, 70-80. doi:10.1080/15402002.2012.636298
[22] Leibenluft, E., Fiero, P.L. and Rubinow, D.R. (1994) Effects of the menstrual cycle on dependent variables in mood disorder research. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51, 761-781. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1994.03950100009002
[23] Krishnan, V. and Collop, N.A. (2006) Gender differences in sleep disorders. Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine, 12, 383-389. doi:10.1097/01.mcp.0000245705.69440.6a
[24] Sherrill, D.L., Kotchou, K. and Quan, S.F. (1998) Association of physical activity and human sleep disorders. Archives of Internal Medicine, 158, 1894-1898. doi:10.1001/archinte.158.17.1894
[25] Roehrs, T. and Roth, T. (2001) Sleep, sleepiness, sleep disorders and alcohol use and abuse. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 5, 287-297. doi:10.1053/smrv.2001.0162
[26] Nehlig, A. and Boyet, S. (2000) Dose-response study of caffeine effects on cerebral functional activity with a specific focus on dependence. Brain Research, 858, 71-77. doi:10.1016/S0006-8993(99)02480-4
[27] Calamaro, C.J., Mason, T.B. and Ratcliffe, S.J. (2009) Adolescents living the 24/7 lifestyle: Effects of caffeine and technology on sleep duration and daytime functioning. Pediatrics, 123, e1005-e1010. doi:10.1542/peds.2008-3641
[28] Benington, J.H. and Heller, H.C. (1995) Restoration of brain energy metabolism as the function of sleep. Progress in Neurobiology, 45, 347-360. doi:10.1016/0301-0082(94)00057-O
[29] Porkka-Heiskanen, T., Alanko, L., Kalinchuk, A. and Stenberg, D. (2002) Adenosine and sleep. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 6, 321-332. doi:10.1053/smrv.2001.0201
[30] Drapeau, C., Hamel-Hebert, I., Robillard, R., Selmaoui, B., Filipini, D., et al. (2006) Challenging sleep in aging: The effects of 200 mg of caffeine during the evening in young and middle-aged moderate caffeine consumers. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 15, 133-141. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2869.2006.00518.x
[31] Landolt, H.P., Retey, J.V., Tonz, K., Gottselig, J.M., Khatami, R., et al. (2004) Caffeine attenuates waking and sleep electroencephalographic markers of sleep homeostasis in humans. Neuropsychopharmacology, 29, 1933-1939. doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1300526

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.