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Management of Water Resources in Iraq: Perspectives and Prognoses

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ABSTRACT

Iraq is one of the Middle East and North African countries (MENA region). The country is currently facing a serious water shortage problem. This problem is expected to be more severe in the future where the supply is predicted to be 43 and 17.61 Billion Cubic Meters (BCM) in 2015 and 2025 respectively while current demand is estimated to be between 66.8 and 77 BCM. It has been estimated that the Tigris and Euphrates river discharges will continue to decrease with time, and they will be completely dry by 2040. Serious, prudent and quick measures need to be taken to overcome this problem. The government should take measures to have a strategic water management vision, including regional cooperation and coordination, research and development, improving agriculture and sanitation sector as well as public awareness program. These measures are required in order to address the following topics: Strategic Water Management Vision, Regional cooperation and coordination, Irrigation and Agriculture, Water Supply and Sanitation, and Research and Development.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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N. Al-Ansari, "Management of Water Resources in Iraq: Perspectives and Prognoses," Engineering, Vol. 5 No. 8, 2013, pp. 667-684. doi: 10.4236/eng.2013.58080.

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