Health> Vol.5 No.8, August 2013

Aerobic exercise program on blood lipids in women between 40 and 55 years old

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:129KB)  HTML    PP. 1236-1240  

ABSTRACT

Objective: Evaluate the effect of a physical activity program on the blood lipid profile in women between 40 and 55 years old. Methods: 7 female participants from the city of Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico, on a program of moderateintensity physical activity lasting 4 months, evaluated before and after the implementation of the program in the variables of total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and HDL, as well as the atherogenic index and cardiovascular risk. Data were analyzed with Student t test for related samples with a significance level of 0.05. Results: Total cholesterol levels and LDL in samples collected after physical exercise program decreased significantly compared to those collected before the implementation of the exercise program, while statistically, HDL and triglycerides did not show significant changes. The atherogenic index and cardiovascular risk showed positive trends, thus favoring that moderate intensity aerobic exercise decreased cardiovascular risk in women reaching the perimenopause period.

Cite this paper

Rodríguez-Villalobos, J. , Muñoz-Daw, M. , Hernández, R. and Ornelas, M. (2013) Aerobic exercise program on blood lipids in women between 40 and 55 years old. Health, 5, 1236-1240. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.58167.

References

[1] Gorodeski, E.Z. and Gorodeski, G.I. (2007) Epidemiology and risk factors of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. In: Lobo, R.A., Ed., Treatment of the Postmenopausal Woman: Basic and Clinical Aspects, 3rd Edition, Elsevier Inc, New York. doi:10.1016/B978-012369443-0/50039-9
[2] Ministry of Health (2002) Prevention and control of diseases in premenopausal and postmenopausal women’s criteria for providing medical care. Official Journal of the Federation.
[3] Kris-Etherton, P., Daniels, S.R., Eckel, R.H., Engler, M., Howard, B.V., Krauss, R.M., et al. (2001) Summary of the scientific conference on dietary fatty acids and cardiovascular health: Conference summary from the nutriation committee of the American Heart Association. Circulation, 103, 1034-1039. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.103.7.1034
[4] Urdaneta, J., Cepeda, M., Guerra, M., Baabel, N. and Contreras, A. (2010) Quality of life in menopausal women with and without hormone. Chilean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 75, 17-34. doi:10.4067/S0717-75262010000100004
[5] Davidson, M., Maki, K., Karp, S. and Ingram, K. (2002) Management of hypercholesterolemia in postmenopausal women. Drugs Aging, 19, 169-178. doi:10.2165/00002512-200219030-00002
[6] Crispo, S., De Gennaro, S., Buono, F. and Anna. C. (2010) Menopause increases the risk of carotid atherosclerosis in essential hypertension. High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention, 17, 31-36. doi:10.2165/11311740-000000000-00000
[7] Gutiérrez, J.P., Rivera-Dommarco, J., Shamah-Levy, T., Villalpando-Hernández, S., Franco, A., Cuevas-Nasu, L., Romero-Martínez, M. and Hernádez-ávila, M. (2012) National survey of health and nutrition 2012. National findings. National Public Health Institute (MX), Cuernavaca.
[8] Derby, C.A., Crawford, S.L., Pasternak, R.C., Sowers, M., Sternfeld, B. and Matthews, K.A. (2009) Lipid changes during the menopause transition in relation to age and weight the study of women’s health across the nation. American Journal of Epidemiology, 169, 1352-1361. doi:10.1093/aje/kwp043
[9] Saucedo, P., Abellán, J., Gómez, P., Leal, M., Ortega, E., Colado, J.C., et al. (2008) Effects of an exercise program of strength/resistance on cardiovascular risk factors in postmenopausal women with low cardiovascular risk. CL IDERICA study. Primary Attention, 40, 351-356. doi:10.1157/13124128
[10] Mckechnie, R., Rubenfire, M. and Mosca, L. (2001) Association between self-reported physical activity and vascular reactivity in postmenopausal women. Atherosclerosis, 159, 483-490. doi:10.1016/S0021-9150(01)00529-9
[11] Elavsky, S. (2009) Physical activity menopause, and quality of life: The role of affect and self-worth across time. Menopause, 265-271. doi:10.1097/gme.0b013e31818c0284
[12] Bergstrom, I., Landgren, B., Brinck, J. and Freyschuss, B. (2008) Physical training preserves bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with forearm fractures and low bone mineral density. Osteoporosis International, 19, 177-183. doi:10.1007/s00198-007-0445-6
[13] Janssen, I., Fortier, A., Hudson, R. and Ross, R. (2002) Effects of an energy-restrictive diet with or without exercise on abdominal fat, intramuscular fat, and metabolic risk factors in obese women. Diabetes Care, 25. doi:10.2337/diacare.25.3.431
[14] Elliott, K., Sale, C. and Cable, N. (2002) Effects of resistance training and detraining on muscle strength and blood lipid profiles in postmenopausal women. British Journal of Sport Medicine, 36, 340-345. doi:10.1136/bjsm.36.5.340
[15] Brentano, M., Cadore, E., Da Silva, E., Ambrosini, A., Coertjens, M., Petkowicz, R., et al. (2008) Physiological adaptations to strength and circuit training in postmenopausal women with bone loss. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22, 1819-1825. doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31817ae3f1
[16] Waltman, N.L., Twiss, J.J., Ott, C.D., Gross, G.J., Lindsey, A.M., Moore, T.E., et al. (2010) The effect of weight training on bone mineral density and bone turnover in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors with bone loss: A 24-month randomized controlled trial. Osteoporosis International, 21, 1361-1369. doi:10.1007/s00198-009-1083-y
[17] Joseph, L., Prigeon, R., Blumenthal, J., Ryan, A. and Goldberg, A. (2011) Weight loss and low-intensity exercise for the treatment of metabolic syndrome in obese postmenopausal women. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 66A, 1022-1029. doi:10.1093/gerona/glr093
[18] Mason, C., Foster-Schubert, K., Imayama, I., Kong, A., Xiao, L., Bain, C., et al. (2011) Dietary weight loss and exercise effects on insulin resistance in postmenopausal women. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41, 366-375. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.06.042
[19] Kraus, W., Houmard, J., Duscha, B., Knetzger, K., Harton, M., McCartney, J., et al. (2002) Effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on plasma lipoproteins. The New England Journal of Medicine, 347, 1483-1492. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa020194
[20] Thomas, S., Reading, J. and Shephard, R.J. (1992) Revision of the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PARQ). Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, 17, 338-345.
[21] Franckowiak, S.C., Dobrosielski, D.A., Reilley, S.M., Walston, J.D. and Andersen, R. (2011) Maximal heart rate prediction in adults that are overweight or obese. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25, 1407-1412. doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d682d2
[22] Castelli, W. (1996) Lipids, risk factors and ischaemic heart disease. Atherosclerosis, 124, S1-S9.
[23] Wilson, P., D’Agostino, R., Levy, D., Belanger, A., Silvertshatz, H. and Kannel, W. (1998) Prediction of coro nary heart disease using risk factor categories. Circulation, 97, 1837-1847. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.97.18.1837
[24] National Cholesterol Education Program (2002) Third report of the national cholesterol education program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults(adult treatment panel III). NIH Publication No. 02-5215, National Cholesterol Education Program, US Department of Health and Human Services.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.