Health> Vol.5 No.6B, June 2013
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Hand rim wheelchair training: Effects of intensity and duration on physical capacity

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of intensity and duration of training on physical capacity in a 7 weeks hand rim wheelchair training in able-bodied men. Thirty-six able-bodied men participated in three groups: a 30% heart rate reserve (HRR) 70 min training group (N = 14), a 70% HRR 30 minutes training group (N = 13) and a 30% HRR 30 minutes training group (N = 9). All groups trained 3 times per week for 7 weeks on a treadmill. Pre and post tests on a wheelchair ergometer comprised a submaximal test at 20% and 40% of the estimated peak power output, in which submaximal heart rate, oxygen uptake and mechanical efficiency were determined. In maximal exercise tests, maximal isometric strength, sprint power, peak power output and peak oxygen uptake were measured. No significant differences were found between the training groups on submaximal and maximal parameters. It can be concluded that, in persons new to wheelchair use, seven weeks of wheelchair endurance training at an intensity of 30% HRR for 30 minutes is as effective as a training at a higher intensity (70% HRR) or with a longer duration (70 min).

KEYWORDS


Cite this paper

Groot, S. , Scheer, J. , Windt, J. , Nauta, J. , Hijden, L. , Luigjes, L. and Woude, L. (2013) Hand rim wheelchair training: Effects of intensity and duration on physical capacity. Health, 5, 9-16. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.56A2003.

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