RETRACTED: Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Activity in Kids Born from Goats Fed Genetically Modified Soybean

Download Download as PDF (Size:984KB)  HTML    PP. 50-54  
DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.46A006    4,268 Downloads   7,891 Views   Citations


Short Retraction Notice

The paper does not meet the standards of "Food and Nutrition Sciences".

This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.

Editor guiding this retraction: Prof. Dr. Alessandra Bordoni (EiC of FNS)

The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked "RETRACTED".

Cite this paper



[1] EFSA Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO), “Scientific Opinion on Guidance on Selection of Comparators for the Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Plants and Derived Food and Feed,” EFSA Journal, Vol. 9, No. 5, 2011, pp. 2149-2161.
[2] G. E. Seralini, R. Mesnage, E. Clair, S. Gress, J. S. de Vendomois and D. Cellier, “Genetically Modified Crops Safety Assessments: Present Limits and Possible Improvements,” Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 23, 2011, p. 10. doi:10.1186/2190-4715-23-10
[3] R. Tudisco, P. Lombardi, F. Bovera, D. d’Angelo, M. I. Cutrignelli, V. Mastellone, V. Terzi, L. Avallone and F. Infascelli, “Genetically Modified Soybean in Rabbit Feeding: Detection of DNA Fragments and Evaluation of Metabolic Effects by Enzymatic Analysis,” Animal Science, Vol. 82, No. 2, 2006, pp. 193-199. doi:10.1079/ASC200530
[4] R. Tudisco, V. Mastellone, M. I. Cutrignelli, P. Lombardi, F. Bovera, N. Mirabella, G. Piccolo, S. Calabrò, L. Avallone and F. Infascelli, “Fate of Transgenic DNA and Evaluation of Metabolic Effects in Goats Fed Genetically Modified Soybean and in Their Offsprings,” Animal, Vol. 4, No. 10, 2010, pp. 1662-1671. doi:10.1017/S1751731110000728
[5] A. Meister, “On the Enzymology of Aminoacid Transport,” Science, Vol. 180, No. 4081, 1973, pp. 33-39. doi:10.1126/science.180.4081.33
[6] N. Chikhi, N. Holic, G. Guellaen and Y. Laperche, “Gamma-Glutamyltranspeptidase Gene Organization and Expression: A Comparative Analysis in Rat, Mouse, Pig and Human Species,” Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Vol. 122, No. 4, 1999, pp. 376-380.
[7] H. Zhang and H. J. Forman, “Redox Regulation of γGlutamyl Transpeptidase (Review),” American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, Vol. 41, No. 5, 2009, pp. 509-515. doi:10.1165/rcmb.2009-0169TR
[8] A. Nemeth, A. Wurz, L. Artim, S. Charlton, G. Dana, K. Glenn, P. Hunst, J. Jennings, R. Shilito and P. Song, “Sensitive PCR Analysis of Animal Tissue Samples for Fragments of Endogenous and Transgenic Plant DNA,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 52, No. 20, 2004, pp. 6129-6135. doi:10.1021/jf049567f
[9] E. H. Chowdhury, O. Mikami, Y. Nakajima, H. Kuribara, A. Hino, K. Suga, M. Hanazumi and C. Yomemochi, “Detection of Genetically Modified Maize DNA Fragments in the Intestinal Contents of Pigs Fed StarLinkTM CBH351,” Veterinary & Human Toxicology, Vol. 45, 2003, pp. 9596.
[10] M. Klaften, A. Whetsell, J. Webser, R. Grewal, E. Fedyk, R. Einspanier, J. Jennings, R. Lirette and K. Glenn, “Animal Biotechnology: Challenges and Prospects,” In: M. M. Bhalgat, W. P. Ridley, A. S. Felsot and J. N. Seiber, Eds., ACS Symposium Series, American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 2004, pp. 83-99.
[11] S. F. Altschul, T. L. Madden, A. A. Schaffer, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, W. Miller and D. J. Lipman, “Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST; a New Generation of Protein Database Search Programs,” Nucleic Acids Research, Vol. 25, No. 17, 1997, pp. 3389-3402. doi:10.1093/nar/25.17.3389
[12] A. G. Rico, J. P. Braun, P. Benard and J. P. Thouvenot, “Blood and Tissue Distribution of Gamma Glutamyl Transferase in the Cow,” Journal of Dairy Science, Vol. 60, No. 8, 1977, pp. 1283-1287. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(77)84023-X
[13] A. M. Rutenburg, H. Kim, J. W. Fischbein, J. S. Hanker, H. L. Wassenburg and A. M. Seligman, “Histochemical and Ultrastructural Demonstration of Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidase Activity,” Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry, Vol. 17, No. 8, 1969, pp. 517-526. doi:10.1177/17.8.517
[14] SPSS Inc., “SPSS for Windows,” ver. 12.0, Chicago, 1999.
[15] P. Chainark, “Availability of Genetically Modified Feed Ingredient II: Investigations of Ingested Foreign DNA in Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus Mykiss,” Fisheries Science, Vol. 74, No. 2, 2008, pp. 380-390. doi:10.1111/j.1444-2906.2008.01535.x
[16] R. Mazza, M. Soave, M. Morlacchini, G. Piva and A. Marocco, “Assessing the Transfer of Genetically Modified DNA from Feed to Animal Tissues,” Transgenic Research, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2005, pp. 775-784. doi:10.1007/s11248-005-0009-5
[17] T. Ran, L. Mei, W. Lei, L. Aihua, H. Ru and S. Jie, “Detection of Transgenic DNA in Tilapias (Oreochromis niloticus, GIFT Strain) Fed Genetically Modified Soybeans (Roundup Ready),” Aquaculture Research, Vol. 40, No. 12, 2009, pp. 1350-1357. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02187.x
[18] M. Sanden, I. J. Bruce, M. A. Rahman and G. I. Hemre, “The Fate of Transgenic Sequences Present in Genetically Modified Plant Products in Fish Feed, Investigating the Survival of GM Soybean DNA Fragments during Feeding Trials in Atlantic Salmon, Salmo salar L.,” Aquaculture, Vol. 237, No. 1-4, 2004, pp. 391-405. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.04.004
[19] R. Sharma, D. Damgaard, T. W. Alexander, M. E. R. Dugan, J. L. Aalhus, K. Stanford and T. A. McAllister, “Detection of Transgenic and Endogenous Plant DNA in Digesta and Tissues of Sheep and Pigs Fed Roundup Ready Canola Meal,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 54, No. 5, 2006, pp. 1699-1709. doi:10.1021/jf052459o
[20] R. H. Phipps, E. R. Deaville and B. C. Maddison, “Detection of Transgenic and Endogenous Plant DNA in Rumen Fluid, Duodenal Digesta, Milk, Blood, and Feces of Lactating Dairy Cows,” Journal of Dairy Science, Vol. 86, No. 12, 2003, pp. 4070-4078. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)74019-3
[21] R. Tudisco, F. Infascelli, M. I. Cutrignelli, F. Bovera, C. Morcia, P. Faccioli and V. Terzi, “Fate of Feed Plant DNA Monitored in Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus),” Livestock Science, Vol. 105, No. 1, 2006, pp. 12-18. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2006.04.036
[22] C. Yonemochi, T. Ikeda, C. Harada, T. Kusama and M. Hanazumi, “Influence of Transgenic Corn (CBH 351, Named Starlink) on Health Condition of Dairy Cowsand Transfer of Cry9C Protein and cry9C Gene to Milk, Blood, Liver and Muscle,” Animal Science Journal, Vol. 74, No. 2, 2003, pp. 81-88. doi:10.1046/j.1344-3941.2003.00090.x
[23] K. E. Brown, M. T. Kinter, T. D. Oberley, M. L. Freeman, H. F. Frierson, L. A. Ridnour, Y. Tao, L. W. Oberley and D. R. Spitz, “Enhanced γ-Glutamyl Transpeptidase Expression and Selective Loss of CuZn Superoxide Dismutase in Hepatic Iron Overload,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Vol. 24, No. 4, 1998, pp. 545-555. doi:10.1016/S0891-5849(97)00284-0
[24] S. A. Griffiths, V. M. Good, L. A. Gordon, E. A. Hudson, M. C. Barrett, R. J. L. Munks and M. M. Manson, “Characterization of a Promoter for γ-Glutamyl Transpeptidase Activated in Rat Liver in Response to Aflatoxin B1 and Ethoxyquin,” Molecular Carcinogenesis, Vol. 14, No. 4, 1995, pp. 251-262. doi:10.1002/mc.2940140405

comments powered by Disqus

Sponsors, Associates, and Links >>

Copyright © 2016 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.