Health> Vol.5 No.5, May 2013

Using distance education in teaching orthotic fabrication to occupational therapy students

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:108KB)  HTML    PP. 908-912  

ABSTRACT

Occupational therapy (OT) education requires educators to provide students with entry level skills in orthotic fabrication. These skills have been taught in a traditional face-to-face classroom and labs. The concept of distance education (DE) has evolved over the years with the advancement of the technology. DE started with print media, radio broadcasting, and progressed to utilizing video conferencing. Currently DE relies heavily on using the internet to deliver quality, cost-effective and convenient education. DE Literature focused on teaching basic knowledge, however, no research was found that compared DE to traditional education in teaching skills or the application of knowledge. This pilot study investigated the effectiveness of using DE pedagogy in teaching OT students the skills of splint making, and to compare effectiveness of DE to that of traditional classroom. Forty OT students participated in the study, they self-selected to be in the experimental, or control group. The experimental group received training on splint making via the Blackboard?, while the control group received similar training the traditional way. The quality of splints was evaluated; Mann-Whitney concluded that the difference between the means of the two groups was no significant, indicating that the quality of the splints were equivalent.

KEYWORDS


Cite this paper

Amerih, H. , Nazzal, M. and Elsalloukh, H. (2013) Using distance education in teaching orthotic fabrication to occupational therapy students. Health, 5, 908-912. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.55120.

References

[1] World Federation of Occupational Therapists (2010) Definition of occupational therapy from member organizations. www.wfot.org
[2] Johnson, J.A. (1974) Occupational therapy: A profession in transition. In: Hamburg, J., Ed., Review of Allied Health Education, The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, 201-229.
[3] Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (2012) 2011 ACOTE standards and interpretive guide. http://aota.org/Educate/Accredit/Draft-Standards/50146.aspx?FT=.pdf
[4] Anderson, D.M., Keith, J., Novak, P.D. and Elliot, M.A. (2012) Mosby medical, nursing and allied health dictionary. 9th Edition, Elsevier, Mosby.
[5] Coppard, B. and Lohman, H. (2008) Introduction to splinting: A clinical reasoning and problem-solving approach. 3rd Edition, Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis.
[6] Merriam Webster Inc. (2001) The random house Webster’s dictionary. 4th Edition, Ballantine Books, New York.
[7] American Occupational Therapy Association (1930) Minimum standards for courses of training in occupational therapy. AOTA, New York.
[8] Forest, J.J. and Kinser, K. (2002) Higher education in the United States, an Encyclopedia. ABC CLIO, Santa Barbara.
[9] Hollis, V. and Madill, H. (2006) Online learning: The potential for occupational therapy education. Occupational Therapy International, 13, 61-78. doi:10.1002/oti.209
[10] Williams, S. (2004) A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of distance education in allied health science programs. Ph.D. Diss., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati.
[11] Davis, J. (2009) The power of video technology: creating effective teaching tools to enhance clinical reasoning and practice skills in occupational therapy curriculum. AOTA Annual Conference, Houston.
[12] Dudding, C. and Purcell-Robertson, R. (2003) Beyond the technology. ASHA Leader, 6, 6-7, 10, 16.
[13] Wright, V., Marsh, G. and Miller, M. (2000) Critical comparison of graduate student satisfaction in asynchronous and synchronous course instruction. Planning and Changing, 31, 107-118.
[14] Maring, J., Cosstello E. and Plack, M. (2008) Student’s outcome in pathophysiology course based on mode of delivery: Distance versus traditional classroom learning. Journal of Physical Therapy Education, 22, 24-32.
[15] Williams, S. (2006) The effectiveness of distance education in allied health science programs: A meta-analysis of outcomes. The American Journal of Distance Education, 20, 127-141. doi:10.1207/s15389286ajde2003_2

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.