The Arab Spring: Do We Need a New Theory?

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:135KB) PP. 187-196
DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.43020    4,579 Downloads   8,990 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The waves of the Arab Spring in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen and Syria, and any other country that may follow, is considered a unique phenomenon worth studying in view of the pre and post revolution events and effects on all sectors of the national economy, as well as their interlocking effects on the global economy. The current research aims at studying the concepts of the Arab Spring, its causes and its most important consequences, as well as the ability of the current economic theory to interpret such events. The most important results of the research lies in the need for a new theory to explain the Arab Spring revolutions, the new theory should based on showing how important was the technological revolution in the field of communications, the use of violence against the rebels, and legitimate demands of rebels in continuation and success of the revolutions of the Arab Spring.

Cite this paper

H. H. Abdelbaki, "The Arab Spring: Do We Need a New Theory?," Modern Economy, Vol. 4 No. 3, 2013, pp. 187-196. doi: 10.4236/me.2013.43020.

References

[1] Financial Times Limited, “The Banker,” 2012.
[2] T. Sandler, “Economic Analysis of Conflict,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 44, No. 6, 2000, pp. 723-729. doi:10.1177/0022002700044006001
[3] M. C. McGuire and M. Olson, “The Economics of Autocracy and Majority Rule,” Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 34, 1996, pp. 72-96.
[4] M. Olson, “Power and Prosperity: Outgrowing Communist and Capitalist Dictatorships,” Basic Books, New York, 2000.
[5] P. Lujala, N. P. Gleditsch and E. Gilmore, “A Diamond Curse? Civil War and a Lootable Resource,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 49, No. 4, 2005, pp. 538-556. doi:10.1177/0022002705277548
[6] P. Collier and A. Hoeffler, “Military Expenditure in Post-Conflict Societies,” Economics of Governance, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2006, pp. 89-107. doi:10.1007/s10101-004-0091-9
[7] H. I. Grossman, “Insurrections,” In: K. Hartley and T. Sandler, Eds., Handbook of Defense Economics, Vol. 1, Elsevier Science B. V., Amsterdam, 1995.
[8] J. P. Azam, “How to Pay for the Peace? A Theoretical Framework with Reference to African Countries,” Public Choice, Vol. 83, No. 1-2, 1995, pp. 173-184. doi:10.1007/BF01047691
[9] P. Collier, “On the Economic Consequences of Civil War,” Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 51, No. 1, 1999, pp. 168-183. doi:10.1093/oep/51.1.168
[10] P. Collier and A. Hoeffler, “Greed and Grievance in Civil War,” World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper 2355, 2000.
[11] T. Ellingsen, “Colorful Community or Ethnic Witches’ Brew? Multiethnicity and Domestic Conflict during and after the Cold War,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2000, pp. 228-249. doi:10.1177/0022002700044002004
[12] P. Collier and A. Hoeffler, “On the Economic Causes of Civil War,” Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 50, No. 4, 1998, pp. 563-573. doi:10.1093/oep/50.4.563
[13] P. Collier and A. Hoeffler, “Greed and Grievance in Civil War,” Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 56, No. 4, 2004, pp. 563-596. doi:10.1093/oep/gpf064
[14] B. A. Most and H. Starr, “Inquiry, Logic, and International Politics,” University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, 1989.
[15] P. Collier, A. Hoeffler and M. S?derbom, “On the Duration of Civil War,” Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2004, pp. 253-273. doi:10.1177/0022343304043769
[16] P. Collier, “Doing Well out of War in Greed and Grievance: Economic Agendas in Civil Wars,” Lynne Rienner, Boulder, 2000.
[17] T. Addison, P. Le Billon and S. M. Murshed, “Finance in Conflict and Reconstruction,” World Institute for Development Economics Research (WISER) DP 2001/44, UN University, 2001.
[18] P. Collier and A. Hoeffler, “On the Incidence of Civil War in Africa,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 46, No. 1, 2002, pp. 13-28. doi:10.1177/0022002702046001002
[19] M. Humphreys, “Economics and Violent Conflict,” Harvard University, Boston, 2003. www.preventconflict.org/portal/economics
[20] J. Hirshleifer, “The Technology of Conflict as an Economic Activity,” American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings, Vol. 81, 1991, pp. 130-134.
[21] J. Hirshleifer, “The Dark Side of Force: Economic Foundations of Conflict Theory,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001.
[22] S. Gupta, B. Clements and R. Bhattacharya, “Fiscal Dimensions of Armed Conflict,” The Economic Consequences of Global Terrorism Workshop, Deutsches Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung, Burlin, 2002.
[23] V. Nitsch and D. Schumacher, “Terrorism and Trade, Paper for Workshop. The Economic Consequences of Global Terrorism,” DIW/German Institute for Economic Research, Berlin, 2002.
[24] Central Bank of Egypt, “The Annual Report, Statistical and Economic Report Section,” Egypt, 2011.
[25] P. Poast, “The Economics of War,” Mc Graw-Hill, New York, 2006.
[26] Central Agency for Public Mobilization & Statistics (CAPMAS), “Statistical Book,” 2011.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.