CE> Vol.4 No.1, January 2013

Study of Effects of Drawing and Picture-Based Dental Care Education on Awareness of Five to Six-Year-Old Children in Ardabil Province Kindergartens

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:84KB) Full-Text HTML PP. 45-48   DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.41007

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective:Dental and oral health education is an effective method in preventing dental caries. The objective of the current study was to assess the effects of drawing and picture-based dental and oral health education on awareness of five to six-year-old children in Ardabil province kindergartens.Methodology:Four hundred 5 to 6-year-old children were randomly selected from rural and urban kindergartens. First, a picture questionnaire was filled out by them as the pre-test. Then, before the main test, all children were educated by their trainers using pre-prepared booklet which had been designed as pictures and/or drawing. The education lasted for three months. Also, the parents pursued the training at home. One month after the education, the questionnaire was re-filled out as the post-test. Finally, the data were analyzed by SPSS.Findings:The mean post-test marks was significantly better than the pre-test marks regarding toothbrush and toothpaste, floss, sugar eating and bad habits.Conclusion:The results showed the importance of drawing and picture-based education by trainers in kindergartens and the pursuance of these activities by parents at home. It can be selected as an effective education method in kindergartens.

KEYWORDS


Cite this paper

Barak, M. , Momeni, S. , Shabani, M. , Hosseini, S. , Rahimi, M. , Siadati, A. & Babaei, M. (2013). Study of Effects of Drawing and Picture-Based Dental Care Education on Awareness of Five to Six-Year-Old Children in Ardabil Province Kindergartens. Creative Education, 4, 45-48. doi: 10.4236/ce.2013.41007.

References

[1] Amini, R., & Vanaki, Z. (2003). Study of the extent of the effects of oral health game education on dental and oral health status among students in Isfahan, Iran. Journal of Dentistry College, Isfahan, 15, 24-38.
[2] Birang, S., et al. (2006). Study of effects of picture education method on enhancing dental and oral health among students (Vol. 9, pp. 1-6). Isfahan: Dentistry College.
[3] David Satcher (2009). Childrens oral health. The time for change is now. Academic Pediatrics, 9, 380-382.
[4] Dye, B. A., Tan, S., Smith, V., Lewis, B. G., Barker, L. K., Thornton-Evans, G. et al. (2007). Trends in oral health status: United States, 1988-1994 and 1999-2004. National Center for Health Statistics, Vital Health Stat, 11, 1-92.
[5] Firrozeh, M. (2003). Picture language (Vol. 4, pp. 16-58,109). Tehran: Soroosh Press.
[6] Frites-Femandez, L. B., Noraes Junior, A. B., & Fertasa, A. C. (2002). Effectiveness of an oral hygiene program for brazillian orphoenag. Brazilian Dental Journal, 13, 44-48.
[7] Harthorne, J. E., & Carstens, I. L. (1989). The effective of a schoolbased oral health education program—A pilot study. The Journal of the Dental Association of South Africa, 44, 5-10.
[8] Karimzadeh, F. (2001). Child to child approach. Yasooj University for Medical Science, 18, 28-33.
[9] Katrin, K. (2003). Evaluation of a computer-based nutrition education tool. Public Health Nutrition, 7, 271–277.
[10] Mazloomi, M. (2009). Study of effects of the role modeling on enhancing of oral health knowledge. Journal of Islamic Dentist, 1,137-147.
[11] Oral Health Office (2004). Health education in kindergarden (pp. 4-47). Tehran: Ministry of Health and Medical Education.
[12] Seyyed Akhavan, P., & Amini, N. (2002). Modern prevention methods in dentistry and estimation of risk of dental and oral diseases (pp. 37-51). Tehran: Teymoorzadeh Press.
[13] Shabani, M., Hesari, H., & Hosseini, S. (2008). Sealant therapy without trauma. Jame’e Negar (pp. 135-138). Esfahan: Baghe Rezvan Press.
[14] Shojaeizadeh, S. (2000). Study models of behavior in health education. Health Education and Communication Office (3rd ed., pp. 201-232). Tehran: Ministry of Health and Medical Education.
[15] Smiech, S., et al. (2007). The effect of oral health education on dental plaque development and the level of caries-related Streptococcus mutans and lactobacillus spp. European Journal of Orthodontics, 29, 157-160. doi:10.1093/ejo/cjm001
[16] Tibaboff, N., & Reisine, S., (2009). Update on early childhood caries since the Surgeon General’s Report. Academic Pediatrics, 9, 396- 403.
[17] WHO Technical Report Srries No. 713 (1984). Prenention methods and programmes for oral disease (pp. 24-25). Geneva: WHO Expert Committee.
[18] Yeganeh, M., et al. (2006). Comparison of the effects of two breakfast nutrition educating methods on the performance of the students of four schools in Tehran, Iran. Journal of Health and Health Research, 4, 65-67.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.