Share This Article:

Unsupervised Learning of Two Bible Books: Proverbs and Psalms

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:483KB) PP. 325-334
DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.23043    5,960 Downloads   9,864 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment

ABSTRACT

The book of Proverbs teaches the wisdom of life that was relevant in the days of King Solomon, the principal author of this book and a son of King David, but more importantly it is still applicable and needed in the life of today. The book of Psalms is the longest book and perhaps the most widely read book of the Bible, which contains 150 songs and prayers with King David as its main composer. The proverbs imparts that the success in life depends on personal choices and actions that relate to other people, while the psalms are used in worship that relates to God. In this report, we apply unsupervised learning to the study of these two books because of their shared association with wisdom. The chapters in each of the two books are grouped by content. Similar chapters and verses between these two books, written by a father and a son, are also identified, allowing one book to illuminate the other. Our computational findings match those by Biblical scholars at large, but have made a few new discoveries that could not be accomplished by traditional methods.

Cite this paper

Hu, W. (2012). Unsupervised Learning of Two Bible Books: Proverbs and Psalms. Sociology Mind, 2, 325-334. doi: 10.4236/sm.2012.23043.

References

[1] Anderson, R. D. (1994). The division and order of the psalms. Westminster Theological Journal, 56, 219-241.
[2] Blei, D., Ng, A., & Jordan, M. (2003) Latent Dirichlet allocation. Journal of Machine Learning Research, 3, 993-1022.
[3] Bratcher, D. (2011). Patterns for life: Structure, genre, and theology in psalms. URL (last checked 26 June 2012). http://www.crivoice.org/psalmgenre.html
[4] Campbell, L. (2012). Psalms with Lee Campbell. URL (last checked 26 June 2012). http://www.xenos.org/classes/psalms/index.htm
[5] Collins, J. J. (2007). A short introduction to the Hebrew Bible. Abridged edition, Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.
[6] Constable, T. L. (2012) Notes on Psalms, Sonic Light. URL (last checked 26 June 2012). http://www.soniclight.com/constable/notes/pdf/psalms.pdf
[7] Coulter, P. B. (2011). Psalms and wisdom literature: An introduction. URL (last checked 26 June 2012). www.paulcoulter.net
[8] Frey, B. J., & Dueck, D. (2007). Clustering by passing messages between data points. Science, 315, 972-976. doi:10.1126/science.1136800
[9] Dennis, & Kintsch. W. (Eds.), Latent semantic analysis: A road to meaning. Hillsdale, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum.
[10] Driver, S. R. (1891). An introduction to the literature of the Old Testament. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons.
[11] Griffiths, T., & Steyvers, M. (2004). Finding scientific topics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101, 5228-5235. doi:10.1073/pnas.0307752101
[12] Griffiths, T. L., Steyvers, M., & Tenenbaum, J. B. T. (2007). Topics in semantic representation. Psychological Review, 114, 211-244. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.114.2.211
[13] Gunkel, H., & Horner, T. M. (1967). The Psalms: A form-critical introduction. Philadelphia: Fortress Press.
[14] Gunkel, H. (1998). Introduction to Psalms: The genres of the religious lyric of Israel (Mercer Library of Biblical Studies). Macon: Mercer University Press.
[15] Lennox, S. J. (1998). Proverbs: A commentary for Bible students (1st ed.). Indianapolis: Wesleyan Publishing House.
[16] Longman, T. (2009). How to read the Psalms (How to read series how to read). Westmont, IL: Intervarsity Press.
[17] Mays, J. L. (1994). Psalms: Interpretation: A Bible commentary for teaching and preaching (Interpretation: A Bible commentary for teaching & preaching) (1st ed.) Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.
[18] McCallum, A. K. (2002). MALLET: A machine learning for language toolkit. URL (last checked 26 June 2012). http://mallet.cs.umass.edu
[19] Mowinckel, S. (2004). The Psalms in Israel’s Worship (Biblical Resource Series). Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.
[20] Perdue, L. G., Mays, J. L., & Miller, P. D. (2000). Proverbs (Interpretation: A Bible commentary for teaching & preaching). Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.
[21] Pippert, W. G. (2003). Words from the wise. Maitland, FL: Xulon Press.
[22] Seybold, K. (2000). Introducing the Psalms. Edinburgh: T&T Clark Int’l.
[23] Steyvers, M., & Griffiths, T. (2007). Probabilistic topic models. In T. Landauer, D. McNamara, S. Dennis, &W. Kintsch (Eds.), Latent semantic analysis: A. road to meaning. Hillsdale, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum
[24] Stuart, M. (1852). A commentary on the book of Proverbs. Rochester: M.W. Dodd.
[25] Yuasa, K. (1891). A Classification of the Solomonic Proverbs, the old and new Testament student (pp. 147-153). Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.