Leisure among the Retired Indos of the Hague

Download Download as PDF (Size:269KB)  HTML    PP. 22-47  
DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2011.11003    2,885 Downloads   5,713 Views  

ABSTRACT

The ethnic mixture in Europe has been changing rapidly since the end of World War II, and many of these immigrant groups are now reaching retirement. The Netherlands is one of the countries affected in this way. This study focuses on mixed race people (Indos) originating in the former Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) and residing in The Hague and its surrounding area. Their situation is relevant to other immigrant groups in other European countries. There are several important issues that are studied here with regard to their leisure from which a typology of Indo leisure lifestyles is developed. These issues include :1) how this group is able to avail itself of leisure activities with which its members feel comfortable during retirement and old age; 2) whether this group has integrated itself completely into the host society and feels happy in its social life; 3) whether the leisure activities of retired Indos are a way for them to keep healthy mentally and physically, thereby leading to satisfaction with life; and 4) how this particular group of people feels about its unique identity and culture after many years of living in the Netherlands.

Cite this paper

Edelman, H. & Edelman, D. (2011). Leisure among the Retired Indos of the Hague. Advances in Applied Sociology, 1, 22-47. doi: 10.4236/aasoci.2011.11003.

References

[1] Beets, G., & Koesoebjono, S. (1991). Indische Nederlanders: Een vergeten group. Moesson, 36.
[2] Blokker, J. (1997). De Indo en het verloren thuisland. de Volkskrant, 45.
[3] Boon, S., & van Geleuken, E. (1993). Ik wilde eigenlijk niet gaan: De repatri?ring van Indische Nederlanders 1946-1964. The Hague: Stichting Tong Tong.
[4] Bronkhorst, D., & Wils, E. (1996). Tropenecht: Indische en Europese kleding in Nederlands-Indi?. The Hague: Stichting Tong Tong.
[5] Clarke, A. (1994). Leisure and the elderly: A different world? In I. Henry (Ed.), Leisure: Modernity, postmodernity and lifestyles (pp. 189-201). Eastbourne: The Leisure Studies Association.
[6] Cowgill, D. O. (1972). The role and status of the aged in Thailand. In D. O. Cowgill, & L. D. Holmes (Eds.), Aging and modernization (pp. 91-102). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
[7] Degazon, C. E. (1987). The relationship of ethnicity, social support, and coping strategies among three subgroups of black elderly. PhD Dissertation, New York: New York University.
[8] Derksen, E. (1994). Met kruiden en een korrel zout: Smaak en gesciedenis van de Indische keuken. The Hague: Stichting Tong Tong.
[9] Dobbin, I. (1980). Retirement and leisure: A preliminary research report. Salford: Centre for Leisure Studies.
[10] de Volkskrant (1997). Meer ouderen straks rijker en zelfstandiger, 6.
[11] Feirabend, J., Meyer, A., Wolff, R., & Penninx, R. (1998). “Het lijkt wel alsof ze geen wensen hebben…”: Oudere Indische Nederlanders en zorg, een verkennend onderzoek. The Hague: Stichting Pelita.
[12] Geiger, C. W., & Miko, P. S. (1995). Meaning of recreation/leisure activities to elderly nursing home residents: A qualitative study. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 29, 131-138.
[13] Horsten, H. (1998). Bejaarde Molukkers vinden eigen woonplek, de Volkskrant, 9.
[14] Iso-Ahola, S. E. (1997). A psychological analysis of leisure and health. In Haworth, J. T. (Ed.), Work, leisure and well-being (pp. 131-144). London: Routledge.
[15] Jagt, B. B. (1991). De charme van het Indisch zijn. The Hague: Stichting Indisch Cultureel Centrum.
[16] Kelly, J. R. (1990). Leisure and aging: A second agenda. Society and leisure, 13, 145-167.
[17] Kelly, J. R. (1991). Leisure. In E. F. Borgatta, & M. L. Borgatta (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Sociology (pp. 1099-1107). New York: Macmillan Publishing Corp.
[18] te Kloeze, J. W. (1990). Changing economic conditions in relation to recreation styles in The Netherlands. Paper presented at the Polish Association Leisure and Recreation International Conference, Zajaczkowo, 25.
[19] te Kloeze, J. W. (1991). Het begrip leefen recreatiestijl in onderzoek naar recreatie van ouderen. Paper presented at the Nederlands- Vlaamse Vrijetijdsstudiedagen “Grensoverschrijdingen in de vrijetijd”, Breda: Nationale Hogeschool voor Toerisme en Verkeer, 10.
[20] te Kloeze, J. W. (1998). Integration through leisure? Leisure time activities and the integration of Turkish families in two cities in the Netherlands. Paper presented at the LSA 4th International Conference “The Big Ghetto: Gender, Sexuality & Leisure”, Leeds, 10.
[21] Leitner, M. J., & Leitner, S. F. (1996). Leisure in later life. New York: Haworth.
[22] Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, Inc.
[23] Long, J., & Wimbush, E. (1985). Continuity and change: Leisure around retirement. London: Sports Council.
[24] MacNeil, R., Teague, M., McGuire, F., & O’Leary, J. T. (1987). Older Americans and outdoor recreation: A literature synthesis. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 21, 18-25.
[25] MacNeil, R. D., & Teague, M. L. (1987). Aging and leisure: Vitality in later life. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
[26] McPherson, B. D. (1990). Aging as a social process. An introduction to individual and population aging. Toronto: Butterworths.
[27] McPherson, B. D. (1991). Aging and leisure benefits: A life cycle perspective. In B. L. Driver, P. J. Brown, & G. L. Peterson, (Eds.), Benefits of leisure (pp. 423-430). Pennsylvania: Venture Publishing, Inc.
[28] Menec, V. H., & Chipperfield, J. G. (1997). Remaining active in later life: The role of locus of control in seniors leisure activity participation, health and life satisfaction. Journal of Aging and Health, 9, 105-125. doi:10.1177/089826439700900106
[29] Mobily, K. E., et al. (1993). Leisure repertoire in a sample of mid-western elderly: The case for exercise. Journal of Leisure Research, 25, 84-99.
[30] Neijndorff (1997). Een Indo in Holland. Rotterdam: Indonet.
[31] Oei, I. S., & Schreuder, P. (1995). Handreiking voor hulpverleners. The Hague: Stichting Pelita.
[32] Paas, R. (1998). Terpstra’s warme woorden zijn niet gevolgd door daden. de Volkskrant, 15.
[33] Pfister, R. E. (1993). Ethnic Identity: A new avenue for understanding leisure and recreation preferences, Chapter 4. In A. W. Ewert, D. J. Chavez, & A. W. Magill (Eds.), Culture, Conflict, and Communication in the Wildland-Urban Interface (pp. 53-68). Boulder: Westview Press.
[34] Rijkschroeff, B. R., The, G. T., & Wu, S. M. (1993). De positie van oudere Chinezen en oudere Indische Nederlanders vergeleken. The Hague: Labyrint Publication.
[35] Rousseau, J., Denis, M. C., Dube, M., & Beauchesne, M. (1995). L’activité, l’autonomie et le bien-être psychologique des personnes agées (Activity, autonomy and psychological well-being of the elderly). Loisir et Société, 18, 93-122.
[36] Sarwono, S. W. (1989). Psikologi Remaja. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.
[37] Searle, M. S., Mahon, M. J., & Iso-Ahola, S. E. (1995). Enhancing a sense of independence and psychological wellbeing among the elderly: A field experiment. Journal of Leisure Research, 27, 107-124.
[38] Siegenthaler, K. L., & Vaughan, J. (1998). Older women in retirement Communities: Perceptions of recreation and leisure. Leisure Sciences, 20, 53-66. doi:10.1080/01490409809512264
[39] Simcox, D. E. (1993). Cultural foundations for leisure preference, behavior, and environmental orientation, Chapter 19. In A. W. Ewert, D. J. Chavez, & A. W. Magill, (Eds.), Culture, Conflict, and Communication in the Wildland-Urban Interface (pp. 267-280). Boulder: Westview Press.
[40] Smith, S. L. J. (1990). Dictionary of concepts in recreation and leisure. Westport: Greenwood Press.
[41] Soeters, A., de Hoog, K., & te Kloeze, J. W. (1996). Integreren door middel van vrijetijd? Vrijetijdsbesteding en integratie van Turkse gezinnen in een Arnhemse wijk. Vrijetijd Studies, 14, 19-33.
[42] Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Newbury Park: Sage Publications, Inc.
[43] Thissen, F. (1992). Activity patterns of the elderly in rural areas in the Netherlands. In A. Kempers-Warmerdam (Ed.), The elderly in rural areas of The Netherlands: Possibilities and limitations (nr. 41) (pp. 31-40). Amsterdam: Institut voor Sociale Geografie, Universiteit van Amsterdam.
[44] Tirone, S. (1997). Leisure and centrality of family: Issues of care in the lives of South Asians in Canada. Journal of Leisurability, 24, 23 -32.
[45] Anonymous (1997) Tijdsbesteding en vrijetijdsactiviteiten. In J. Timmermans, (Ed.), Rapportage ouderen 1996 (pp. 161-174). Rijswijk: Sociaal en, Cultureel Planbureau.
[46] van der Hoeven, H. (1996). Stichting Pelita belicht. The Hague: Stichting Pelita.
[47] van der Hoeven, H., & Diederen, H. (1997). Indisch maatschappelijk werk: Werkboek 1-Cli?ntprofielen. The Hague: VOG-sectie AMV and Stichting Pelita.
[48] van der Hoeven, H., & Diederen, H. (1998). Indisch maatschappelijk werk: Werkboek 2-Pelita-Profiel. The Hague: VOG-sectie AMV and Stichting Pelita.
[49] Voges, W. & Pongratz, H. (1988). Retirement and the lifestyles of older women. Ageing and Society, 8, 63-84. doi:10.1017/S0144686X0000653X
[50] Vriezen, J. A. (1993). Rijst of aardappelen?: Indische en autochtone ouderen in Nederland. PhD Dissertation, Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam.
[51] Wearing, B. (1995). Leisure and resistance in an ageing society. Leisure Studies, 14, 263-279. doi:10.1080/02614369500390201
[52] Wilson, N. C., & Russell, D. G. (1994) What’s age got to do with it? Journal of Physical Education New Zealand, 27, 15-18.
[53] Wolters-Nordhoff Atlas Statistiek 97/98. (1997). Groningen: Wolters-Nordhoff b.v. and Rotterdam: Software b.v., on CD-Rom.
[54] Yin, R. K. (1994) Case study research: Design and methods. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc.
[55] Young, D. R., King, A. C., & Oka, R. K. (1995). Determinants of exercise level in the sedentary versus underactive older adult: Implications for physical activity program development. Journal of Aging & Physical Activity, 3, 4-25.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.