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Social and Environmental Impacts of REDD+ Strategy: An Exploratory Analysis of Nepalese Case

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DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.210009    3,065 Downloads   3,650 Views Citations


This study explores the issues related to social and environmental impacts that would be generated from REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, and enhancing carbon storage in the forest ecosystem) intervention in Nepal. Data and other relevant information for the study have been gathered from relevant literature, stakeholder meetings, expert consultation and various websites. A SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat) analysis of REDD+ mechanism was carried out to evaluate its features. First, we reviewed and synthesized the relevant policies, plans, laws, acts, rules and regulations along with the World Bank’s Safeguard Policies relevant to REDD+. The details of Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA) have been described. We present a first stage exploratory SESA framework by considering different sectors, components and institutions related to REDD+ in a holistic way. This will, in turn, form a sound basis for the detailed SESA studies in the final phase of REDD+ implementation, which later develops a comprehensive Environmental and Social Management Framework. Our analysis shows that some of the potential social and environmental impacts are overlapping, and there are gaps in terms of existing policies and institutions in order to effectively implement the REDD+ strategy in Nepal.

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Upadhyay, T. and Bhattarai, K. (2014) Social and Environmental Impacts of REDD+ Strategy: An Exploratory Analysis of Nepalese Case. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 74-87. doi: 10.4236/jss.2014.210009.

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