Association of Vegetable Consumption with Nutritional Status in Adolescents in Mexico City

Download Download as PDF (Size:1814KB)  HTML   XML  PP. 1414-1422  
DOI: 10.4236/fns.2016.714128    410 Downloads   578 Views  

ABSTRACT

It has been documented that increased vegetable consumption is associated with preventive effects in some public health problems such as obesity and some chronic noncommunicable diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the association of nutritional status with vegetable consumption in adolescents from Technical High Schools in Mexico City. A sample of 2368 adolescents was obtained who were applied a questionnaire of frequency food consumption and anthropometric measurements were taken, the nutritional diagnosis was obtained with Who Anthro Plus program. The data obtained were analyzed with the statistical package SPSS version 20.0 for Windows Statistics®. When the correlation of frequency consumption of vegetables with nutritional status, in the final phase, It found that teens who never ate vegetables were more likely to develop obesity (36.0% GI and 36.10% GC), compared with teens who consumed daily (8.9% GI and 2.10% GC), existing difference highly significant. The teenagers of the Technical High School in Mexico City in the intervention group presented a basal daily intake of 15.7% and after the intervention their intake increased to 21.3%. With respect to the control group it started with a daily intake of 12.6% to 14.9% increasing it. An increase was achieved in the daily consumption of vegetables in adolescents of both groups so it is concluded that the intervention was successful.

Cite this paper

Vázquez, C. , Vega y León, S. , Gutiérrez Tolentino, R. , Radilla Vázquez, M. , Francisca, M. , Sierra Cortés, C. , Coronado Herrera, M. and Rivera Martínez, J. (2016) Association of Vegetable Consumption with Nutritional Status in Adolescents in Mexico City. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 7, 1414-1422. doi: 10.4236/fns.2016.714128.

References

[1] Ochoa, M.G., Sierra, J.C., Pérez, R.C. and Aranceta, B.J. (2014) Validación del cuestionario Pro Children Project para evaluar factores psicosociales del consumo de fruta y verdura en México. Salud Pública Méx, 56, 165-179.
[2] Durán, A.S., Fernández, G.E., Fuentes, F.J., Hidalgo, F.A., Quintana, M.C., Yunge, H.W., Fehrmann, R.P. and Delgado, S.C. (2015) Patrones alimentarios asociados a un peso corporal saludable en estudiantes chilenos de la carrera de nutrición y dietética. Nutr Hosp, 32, 1780-1785.
[3] Parra, B.E., Manjarrés, L.M., Velásquez, C.M., Agudelo, G.M., Estrada, A., Uscátegui, R.M., Patino, F.A., Bedoya, G.J. and Parra, M.V. (2015) Perfil lipídico y consumo de frutas y verduras en un grupo de jóvenes de 10 a 19 anos, según el índice de masa corporal. Rev Colomb Cardiol, 22, 72-80.
[4] Freire, W.B., Ramírez, M.J., Belmont, P., Mendieta, M.J., Silva, M.K., Romero, N., Sáenz, K., Pineiros, P., Gómez, L.F. and Monge, R. (2013) Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición del Ecuador. ENSANUT-ECU 2011-2013. Resumen ejecutivo tomo 1. Ministerio de Salud Pública.
[5] González, G.C.G., Zacarías, H.I., Domper, R.A. Fonseca, M.L., Lera, M.L. and Vio del, R.F. (2014) Evaluación de un programa de entrega de frutas con educación nutricional en escuelas públicas rurales de la Región Metropolitana, Chile. Revista Chilena de Nutrición, 41, 228-253.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182014000300001
[6] Araneda, F.J., Ruiz, N.M., Vallejos, V.T. and Oliva, M.P. (2015) Consumo de frutas y verduras por escolares adolescentes de la ciudad de Chillán. Chile. Revista Chilena de Nutrición, 42, 248-253.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182015000300004
[7] Restrepo, B.L.F., Holmes, R.E. and Deossa R.G.C. (2013) Consumo de vegetales y factores relacionados en estudiantes universitarios de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia. Perspect Nutr Humana, 15, 171-183.
[8] Gutiérrez, J.P., Rivera, J., Shamah, T., Villalpando, S., Franco, A., Cuevas, L., Romero, M. and Hernández, M., (2012) Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2012. Resultados Nacionales. Cuernavaca, México: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (MX).
[9] Milder, B.L.E., Castro, M.A.Y., Dias de Almeida, O.E.D., Sanches, M.D.K., Dias, M.I. and Jardim, F.E. (2015) Hábitos alimentares saudáveis versus níveis pressóricos, emadolescentes residentes Em Itaqui. RS. Capa; 7 (2): Poster. Salao de Pesquisa.
http://publicase.unipampa.edu.br/index.php/siepe/article/view/15663
[10] Suárez-Varela, M.M., Ruso, J.C., Micó, G.A. and Llopis, G.A. (2014) Valoración del patrón alimentario en adolescentes espanoles en zona mediterránea y atlántica: Un estudio piloto. Rev Esp Nutr Comunitaria, 20, 85-90.
[11] González, G.S. (2015) Mexicanos comen sólo 58% de las frutas y verduras recomendables al día. La jornada.
http://www.jornada.unam.mx/ultimas/2015/02/18/mexicanos-comen-solo-58-de-frutas -y-verduras-recomedables-al-dia-3009.html
[12] Lázaro, M. (2014) Guías alimentarias para la población peruana.
http://www.ins.gob.pe/repositorioaps/0/0/not/temdif32599/PPT%20Gu%C3%ADas%20 alimentarias.pdf
[13] Marín, C.A.D., Sánchez, R.G. and Maza, R.L.L. (2013) Prevalencia de obesidad y hábitos alimentarios desde el enfoque de género: el caso de Dzutóh, Yucatán, México. Estudios Sociales, 22, 63-90.
[14] FAO. Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (2014) Panorama de la Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional en América Latina y el Caribe 2013.
http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3520s/i3520s.pdf
[15] Fretes, G., Salinas, J. and Vio, F. (2013) Efecto de una intervención educativa sobre el consumo de frutas, verduras y pescado en familias de ninos preescolares y escolares. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición, 63, 37-45.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.