Cancer: Education and Primary Prevention Starts in Childhood and Adolescence

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DOI: 10.4236/jct.2016.712084    352 Downloads   470 Views  


At least one third of all newly diagnosed cancers could be prevented if lifestyle factors were changed. The University Cancer Center Dresden initiated two programs aiming at cancer awareness and intentions to engage in health-promoting behavior among children and adolescents. Study 1 examined sun protection knowledge of 80 preschool children in a non-randomized design and Study 2 inspected 235 7th grade students knowledge of cancer and its behavioral risk-factors as well as intentions on health-promoting behavior using a randomized pre-post design on group-level. Study 1 showed significant improvement of sun protection knowledge in preschool children (p < 0.05). Study 2 was effective in increasing knowledge about risk factors for cancer (p < 0.001) and in increasing intentions to engage in health-promoting behavior (p < 0.001). Communicating health-related behavior in preschools as well as school-based programs targeting multiple cancer-related risk factors are promising tools for primary prevention of cancer.

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Seidel, N. , Stoelzel, F. , Herrmann, S. , Zimmermann, C. , Berth, H. , Glausch, M. , Loewe, K. , Baumann, M. and Ehninger, G. (2016) Cancer: Education and Primary Prevention Starts in Childhood and Adolescence. Journal of Cancer Therapy, 7, 851-856. doi: 10.4236/jct.2016.712084.


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