Cancer: Education and Primary Prevention Starts in Childhood and Adolescence

Download Download as PDF (Size:290KB)  HTML   XML  PP. 851-856  
DOI: 10.4236/jct.2016.712084    352 Downloads   470 Views  

ABSTRACT

At least one third of all newly diagnosed cancers could be prevented if lifestyle factors were changed. The University Cancer Center Dresden initiated two programs aiming at cancer awareness and intentions to engage in health-promoting behavior among children and adolescents. Study 1 examined sun protection knowledge of 80 preschool children in a non-randomized design and Study 2 inspected 235 7th grade students knowledge of cancer and its behavioral risk-factors as well as intentions on health-promoting behavior using a randomized pre-post design on group-level. Study 1 showed significant improvement of sun protection knowledge in preschool children (p < 0.05). Study 2 was effective in increasing knowledge about risk factors for cancer (p < 0.001) and in increasing intentions to engage in health-promoting behavior (p < 0.001). Communicating health-related behavior in preschools as well as school-based programs targeting multiple cancer-related risk factors are promising tools for primary prevention of cancer.

Cite this paper

Seidel, N. , Stoelzel, F. , Herrmann, S. , Zimmermann, C. , Berth, H. , Glausch, M. , Loewe, K. , Baumann, M. and Ehninger, G. (2016) Cancer: Education and Primary Prevention Starts in Childhood and Adolescence. Journal of Cancer Therapy, 7, 851-856. doi: 10.4236/jct.2016.712084.

References

[1] Stewart, B.W. and Wild, C.P. (2014) World Cancer Report 2014. International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon.
[2] Paller, A.S., Hawk, J.L.M., Honig, P., Giam, Y.C., Hoath, S., Mack, M.C. and Stamatas, G.N. (2011) New Insights about Infant and Toddler Skin: Implications for Sun Protection. Pediatrics, 128, 92-102.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-1079
[3] Wodarz, D. and Zauber, A.G. (2015) Cancer: Risk Factors and Random Chances. Nature, 517, 563-564.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/517563a
[4] Seidel, N., Stoelzel, F., Garzarolli, M., Herrmann, S., Breitbart, E.W., Berth, H., Baumann, M. and Ehninger, G. (2013) Sun Protection Training Based on a Theater Play for Preschoolers: An Effective Method for Imparting Knowledge on Sun Protection. Journal of Cancer Education, 28, 435-438.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13187-013-0483-z
[5] Stoelzel, F., Seidel, N., Uhmann, S., Baumann, M., Berth, H., Hoyer, J. and Ehninger, G. (2014) Be Smart against Cancer! A School-Based Program Covering Cancer-Related Risk Behavior. BMC Public Health, 14, 392.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-392
[6] Loescher, L.J., Emerson, J., Taylor, A., Christensen, D.H. and McKinney, M. (1995) Educating Preschoolers about Sun Safety. American Journal of Public Health, 85, 939-943.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.85.7.939
[7] Buller, D., Taylor, A. and Buller, M. (2006) Evaluation of the Sunny Days, Healthy Ways Sun Safety Curriculum for Children in Kindergarten through Fifth Grade. Pediatrics, 23, 321-330.
[8] Schonfeld, D.J., Bases, H., Quackenbush, M., Mayne, S., Morra, M. and Cicchetti, D. (2001) Pilot-Testing a Cancer Education Curriculum for Grades K-6. Journal of School Health, 71, 61-65.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2001.tb06492.x
[9] Midford, R., Mitchell, J., Lester, L., Cahill, H., Foxcroft, D., Ramsden, R., Venning, L. and Pose, M. (2014) Preventing Alcohol Harm: Early Results from a Cluster Randomised, Controlled Trial in Victoria, Australia of Comprehensive Harm Minimisation School Drug Education. International Journal of Drug Policy, 25, 142-150.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2013.05.012
[10] Strom, H.K., Adolfsen, F., Handegard, B.H., Natvig, H., Eisemann, M., Martinussen, M. and Koposov, R. (2015) Preventing Alcohol Use with a Universal School-Based Intervention: Results from an Effectiveness Study. BMC Public Health, 15, 1-11.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1704-7
[11] American Cancer Society, the American Diabetes Association, and the American Heart Association on Health Education (2008) Health Education in Schools— The Importance of Establishing Healthy Behaviors in Our Nation’s Youth. Health Education Journal, 40, 55-58.
[12] Schwarzer, R. and Luszczynska, A. (2008) How to Overcome Health-Compromising Behaviors. European Psychologist, 13, 141-151.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040.13.2.141
[13] Saraf, D.S., Nongkynrih, B., Pandav, C.S., Gupta, S.K., Shah, B., Kapoor, S.K. and Krishnam, A. (2012) A Systematic Review of School-Based Interventions to Prevent Risk Factors Associated with Noncommunicable Diseases. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 24, 733-752.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1010539512445053

  
comments powered by Disqus
  • ADVERTISEMENT

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.