Beliefs, Values and Morals: The Philosophical Underpinnings of Dysthanasia

Download Download as PDF (Size:235KB)  HTML   XML  PP. 406-411  
DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.64037    510 Downloads   661 Views  
Author(s)    Leave a comment

ABSTRACT

In medical practice, the treatment and prognosis in the end of life has associated to ethical dilemmas, which are established in conformity with individual or collective beliefs and values. Dysthanasia from Greek, means to make death difficult, and it is currently an ethical problem with significant consequences. Considering that death itself has two moments, the process of death and the moment of death, dysthanasia is the undue prolongation of the process of death with the help of technological devices that allows the life sustaining procedures. Although it is through the technological advances that the moment of death can be delayed, it is the beliefs and values that are deep rooted in the sub conscience of the physicians that are responsible for the demeanor of end of life ethical dilemmas. Beliefs and values when encompassed in areas like phenomenology of knowledge, dialectic of technology, conflict of values and existentialism and metaphysics, can somehow explain this issue that is current, emerging and compelling.

Cite this paper

Monteiro, F. (2016) Beliefs, Values and Morals: The Philosophical Underpinnings of Dysthanasia. Open Journal of Philosophy, 6, 406-411. doi: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.64037.

References

[1] Becker, E. (1973). The Denial of Death. New York: The Free Press.
[2] Block, E. (1982). Le Principe Esperance (pp. 52-55). Paris: Gallimard Editions.
[3] Monteiro, F. (2006). Ventilacao mecanica e obstinacao terapêutica ou distanásia, a dialéctica da alta tecnologia em medicina intensiva. Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia, XII, 281-291.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0873-2159(15)30431-1

[4] Morin, E. (1999). La tête bien faite. Portuguese Edition. Lisboa: Instituto Piaget.
[5] Universal Declaration Human Rights (1948).

www.un.org/en/

[6] Vincent, J.-L. (1999). Forgoing Life Support in Western European Intensive Care Units: The Results of an Ethical Questionnaire. Critical Care Medicine, 27, 1626-1633.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00003246-199908000-00042

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.