Share This Article:

Osteoporosis Health Beliefs, Knowledge and Life Habits among Women in Saudi Arabia

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:248KB) PP. 236-243
DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.56027    2,644 Downloads   3,417 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis has been recognized as a major public health problem by healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. The present study examines the osteoporosis knowledge, health beliefs, and some of the life habits in two different Saudi women’s groups (with family history, and without family history), to find the association of their knowledge and health beliefs with their preventive practice. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among a convenience sample of 288 young age (20 to 40 years) women attending the health centers in Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia. Both groups had an inadequate daily calcium intake with a significant difference between them. The women without family history had low mean of knowledge (8.9 ± 2.7) compared with family history group (9.3 ± 2.7) with a significant difference (p = 0.04). Based on the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS) subscale mean score, the perceived susceptibility and perceived severity were lower in women without family history with a significant difference between the groups (p = 0.02, 0.00; respectively). The family history group had lower mean score barriers of calcium intake and exercise with a significant difference between groups (p = 0.017, 0.013; respectively). Statistically significant correlation was found between calcium intake and OHBS subscale perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits of calcium intake and exercise, and perceived barriers of exercise only for the family history group. This study indicates inadequate daily calcium intake, with moderate knowledge of osteoporosis in Saudi women and highlights the need for diet and life habits interventions to improve calcium intake and exercise, which may help to reduce the burden of osteoporosis in Saudi Arabia.

Cite this paper

Al-Otaibi, H. (2015) Osteoporosis Health Beliefs, Knowledge and Life Habits among Women in Saudi Arabia. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5, 236-243. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.56027.

References

[1] Sadat-Ali, M., Al-Habdan, I., Al-Turki, H. and Azam, M. (2012) An Epidemiological Analysis of the Incidence of Osteoporosis and Osteoporosis-Related Fractures among the Saudi Arabian Population. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 32, 637-641.
[2] AlQuaiz, A., Kazi, A., Tayel, S., Shaikh, S., Al-Sharif, A. and Othman, S. (2014) Prevalence and Factors Associated with Low Bone Mineral Density in Saudi Women: A Community Based Survey. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 15, 5-15.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-15-5
[3] Al-Habdan, M., Sadat, M., Al-Muhanna, A., Al-Elq, H. and Al-Mulhim, A. (2009) Bone Mass Measurement Using Quantitative Ultrasound in Healthy Saudi Women. A Cross-Sectional Screening. Saudi Medical Journal, 30, 1426-1431.
[4] The International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF).
http://www.iofbonehealth.org/facts-statistics#category-28
[5] Wahba, A., El-Shaheed, A., Tawheed, M., Mekkawy, A. and Arrafa, A. (2010) Osteoporosis Knowledge, Beliefs & Behaviors among Egyptian Female Students. Proceeding of the 3rd International Conference of the Arab Society for Medical Research, Libya, 12-14 October 2010; JASMR, 5, 173-180.
[6] Al-Zu’bi, A., Almuhtaseb, N. and Amayreh, I. (2010) Osteoporosis Awareness in a Sample of Teenage Girls in Jordan, Jordan Medical Journal, 44, 420-426.
[7] Cline, R.R. and Worley, M.M. (2006) Osteoporosis Health Beliefs and Self-Care Behaviors: An Exploratory Investigation. Journal of American Pharmacists Association, 46, 356-364.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1331/154434506777069534
[8] Orces, C.H., Casas, C., Lee, S., Garci-Cavazos, R. and White, W. (2003) Determinants of Osteoporosis Prevention in Low-Income Mexican-American Women. Southern Medical Journal, 96, 458-464.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.SMJ.0000051905.38128.B4
[9] Winzenberg, T.M., Oldenburg, B., Frendin S. and Jones, G. (2003) The Design of a Valid and Reliable Questionnaire to Measure Osteoporosis Knowledge in Women: The Osteoporosis Knowledge Assessment Tool (OKAT). BMC Musculoskeletal Disorder, 4, 1-7.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-4-1
[10] Hernandez-Rauda, R. and Martinez-Garcia, S. (2004) Osteoporosis-Related Life Habits and Knowledge about Osteoporosis among Women in El Salvador: A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorder, 5, 29-46.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-5-29
[11] Barzanji, A.T., Alamri, F.A. and Mohamed, A.G. (2013) Osteoporosis: A Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Community Health, 38, 1098-1105.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-013-9719-4
[12] Kim, K.K., Horan, M.L. and Gendler, P. (1991) Development and Evaluation of the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale. Research in Nursing & Health, 14, 155-163.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nur.4770140210
[13] World Health Organization (1998) Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. Report of a World Health Organization Consultation on Obesity. WHO, Geneva.
[14] Memish, Z.A., El Bcheraoui, C., Tuffaha, M., Robinson, M., Daoud, F. and Jaber, S. (2014) Obesity and Associated Factors Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Preventing Chronic Disease, 11, Article ID: 140236.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd11.140236
[15] Darwish, M.A., Al Turki, Z.A., Sabra, A.A. and Sebiany, A.M. (2014) Obesity among Females Attending Al-Qatif Health Care Centers, Eastern Saudi Arabia: Prevalence and Associated Factors. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 3, 1144-1149.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijmsph.2014.070720141
[16] Alshammari, K.F. (2014) Women Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Osteoporosis Prevention “Riyadh Saudi Arabia”. World Journal of Medical Sciences, 11, 422-431.
[17] Bailey, R.L., Dodd, K.W. and Goldman, J.A. (2010) Estimation of Total Usual Calcium and Vitamin D Intakes in the United States. The Journal of Nutrition, 140, 817-822.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/jn.109.118539
[18] World Health Organization (WHO) (2003) Prevention and Management of Osteoporosis. World Health Organization Technical Report Series, No. 921, 1-164.
[19] Rafraf, M. and Bazyun, B. (2010) Food Habits Related to Osteoporosis in Women in Iran. Health Promotion Perspectives, 1, 111-117.
[20] Ediriweera de Silva, R.E., Haniffa, M.R., Gunathillaka, K., Atukorala, I., Endahandige Fernando, D. and Perera, W. A. (2014) Descriptive Study of Knowledge, Beliefs and Practices Regarding Osteoporosis among Female Medical School Entrants in Sri Lanka. Asia Pacific Family Medicine, 13, 15.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12930-014-0015-y
[21] Ho, S.C., Leung, P.C., Swaminathan, R., Chan, C., Chan, S.S.G., Fan, Y.K. and Lindsay, R. (1994) Determinants of Bone Mass in Chinese Women Aged 21 - 40 Years. II. Pattern of Dietary Calcium Intake and Association with Bone Mineral Density. Osteoporosis International, 4, 167-175.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01623064
[22] Patil, S.S., Hasamnis, A.A., Jena, S.K., Rashid, A.K. and Narayan, K.A. (2010) Low Awareness of Osteoporosis among Women Attending an Urban Health Center in Mumbai, Western India. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 10, 6-13.
[23] Hurst, P.R. and Wham, C.A. (2006) Attitudes and Knowledge about Osteoporosis Risk Prevention: A Survey of New Zealand Women. Public Health Nutrition, 10, 747-753.
[24] Rafraf, M.A., Bazyun, B.B. and Afsharnia, F.C. (2009) Osteoporosis-Related Life Habits and Knowledge about Osteoporosis among Women in Tabriz, Iran. The International Medical Journal, 8, 17-21.
[25] Endicott, R.D. (2013) Knowledge, Health Beliefs, and Self-Efficacy Regarding osteoporosis in perimenopausal women. Journal of Osteoporosis, 2013, Article ID: 853531.
[26] Gammage, K., Gasparotto, J., Mack, D.E. and Klentrou, P. (2012) Gender Differences in Osteoporosis Health Beliefs and Knowledge and Their Relation to Vigorous Physical Activity in University Students. Journal of American College Health, 60, 58-64.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2011.570399
[27] Edmonds, E., Turne, L.W. and Usdan, S.L. (2012) Osteoporosis Knowledge, Beliefs, and Calcium Intake of college Students: Utilization of the Health Belief Model. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2, 27-34.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojpm.2012.21005
[28] Chang, S.F. (2006) A Cross Sectional Survey of Calcium Intake in Relation to Knowledge of Osteoporosis and Beliefs in Young Adult Women. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 12, 21-27.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2006.00546.x
[29] Jeihooni, A.K., Hidarnia, A., Kaveh, M., Hajizadeh, E. and Askari, A. (2014) Survey of Osteoporosis Preventive Nutritional Behaviors Based Health Belief Model in Sample of Iranian Women. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 21, 595-601.
[30] Sayed-Hassan, R., Bashour. H. and Koudsi, A. (2013) Osteoporosis Knowledge and Attitudes: A Cross-Sectional Study among Female Nursing School Students in Damascus. Archives of Osteoporosis, 8, 1-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11657-013-0149-9

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.