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Increasing the Efficiency of Grid Tied Micro Wind Turbines in Low Wind Speed Regimes

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DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2014.510023    3,395 Downloads   3,956 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Major problem with grid tied micro wind turbine is synchronization and wind variability. Due to this problem the stability of available grid gets reduced. The stability can be achieved by output power control of the turbine. Major part of many countries like India, the annual mean wind speed is not high. The rated wind speed of turbine remain around 11 m/s and cut in is around 3.5 m/s. Due to this problem we aimed to develop a sustainable wind energy system that can provide stable power supply even at the locations of low wind speed of 2 - 4 m/s. To address this issue, a momentary impulse or external torque to the rotor by external motor is one of the good options to maintain the momentum of blades and thus provide stability for sufficient time. Various theoretical calculations and experiments are conducted on the above method. This would increase the output power and also the efficiency of wind turbine. We show that Return-On-Investment will be high as compared with other grid connected turbines. Our proposed concept in the present study, if implemented properly, can help the installation of number of wind turbines even at domestic level. It also makes the consumers energy independent and promotes the use of wind as a source of energy and may enter as a rooftop energy supply system similar to solar.

Cite this paper

Tiwari, K. and Harinarayana, T. (2014) Increasing the Efficiency of Grid Tied Micro Wind Turbines in Low Wind Speed Regimes. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 5, 249-257. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2014.510023.

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